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Max Weber's Theory of Bureaucracy
Transcript of Max Weber's Theory of Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy Questions????? Background information on theorist Weber's Theory of Bureaucracy Weber identified the five ideal characteristics of a
1) division of labor
2) rules and regulations
3) hierarchy of authority
4) technical qualifications
5) impersonality In 1882, Weber enrolled at the University of Heidelberg where he studied law and history.
In 1889, he earned his doctorate in law from the University of Berlin.
Two years later he accepted a position as faculty lecturer and acted as a government consultant.
Weber soon joined the Verein für Socialpolitik or the Social Policy Association.
Maximilian “Max” Karl Emil Weber
was born in Erfurt, Thuringia Germany
on April 21, 1864.
Background information on theorist Background information on theorist Weber also involved himself in the political world by joining the Evangelical Social Congress and later co-founded the German Sociological Association
During WWI, Weber volunteered for service and acted as a reserve officer until 1915.
Weber acted as a delegate at the Paris Peace Conference and an adviser to the Confidential Committee for Constitutional Reform in 1918.
Later he co-founded and served as a member of the German Democratic Party Background information on theorist During his lifetime Weber published many works such as
a) the Roman Argrarian History
b) Roscher and Knies and the Logical Problem of
c) the Objectivity and the Sociological and Social-Political
d) The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
e) Economy and Society
f) Politics as a Vocation
g) General Economic History Strengths of the theory Weaknesses of the theory Bureaucracy is governed by strict rules and regulations, which may lead to an impersonal work environment and dissatisfaction among employees.
Division of labor and movement within an organization. When employees are responsible for performing only one task, that task can be easily mastered and employees can be easily replaced.
In a bureaucratic organization employees are promoted based upon technical skills. When all personal feelings are disregarded, employee dedication and loyalty is not considered when promoting employees. Application to current nursing practice Despite the theory’s age, Weber’s Theory of Bureaucracy is as applicable today as it was when it was first conceived.
The nursing profession relies heavily upon bureaucratic leadership to provide high-quality cost-effective care.
Nurses’ practice within the restrictions of set policies and procedures and under the strict supervision of nursing management.
Nurses may often feel that there are too many rules and that bureaucratic red tape inhibits nursing practice and patient care.
Bureaucratic organizations may produce competent employees, but it also produces impersonality and employee frustrations Having a clear division of labor.
Weber believed that when a person is assigned to learn and perform a
specific task, such as work on an assembly line, he or she can become an
expert at that particular task.
Being assigned to perform one specific task makes it easier to train new workers.
Having set rules and regulations that apply to everyone.
By having set rules, everyone is held to the same standards and are
subject to the same rewards and reprimands.
Movement within an organization, such as job placement and advancement depends upon a persons’ technical qualifications and not personal connections.
In an organization that utilizes a hierarchy of authority, or chain of command, employees have a clear view of management and know their role within the company.
Employees are held accountable for their actions by their superiors 1) Does Weber's Theory of Bureaucracy have
a place within healthcare?
2) Have you ever worked for an organization
that uses this type of leadership theory? If
yes, please describe your experience?