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similarities and differences between the Aztec and Inca

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on 17 November 2014

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Transcript of similarities and differences between the Aztec and Inca

Similarities and differences between the Aztec and Inca people
Similarities
Although there are many differences between the Inca and Aztec empires there are also numerous similarities, art, heritage, and city construction layout. Both Inca and Aztec shared heritage by where they come from and were they ruled, South America. Both civilizations were skilled artisans, the Aztec created ornaments while the Inca created gold nose rings. Both South American cities had streets, temples, and plazas which majorly helped civilian life. Not only did both civilizations flourish for hundreds of years, they also helped create an image for modern civilizations to model themselves after.
Southern civilizations
When people think of indians they imagine tepees and adobe houses but when intellectuals picture indians they see a thriving complex civilization bustling with trade and prosperity. Both Aztec and Inca displayed those characteristics in their own way, some by sacrificing humans others by stone masonry. Each and every culture has its similarities and differences which I will explain in both clarity and coherence throughout.
The Aztec
Aztec civilization wasn't the way some people may think it was. Brutal, determined, harsh, and brilliant craftsmen made up most of the population that many think consisted of 150,000 people, larger than most european cities at the time. Aztec culture was rich in both heritage and ritual, even though the rituals primarily consisted of human sacrifices. Not only were the Aztecs professional craftsmen they were also incredibly organized; they built roads, towering temples, surplus of food, and a massive thriving population.
Differences
Both the Aztec and Inca showed their differences in many ways such as ruling, profession, ideas, and rituals. The Aztec differ from the Inca in ruling by not being as complex in keeping track of important information such as taxes, war losses, soldiers, and the amount of gold left in a riverbed. The rituals the Inca displayed were more relaxed,mummification of the dead as well as public ceremonials, while the Aztec practiced brutal public sacrifices. Ideas displayed by the Aztecs were primarily ritual and somewhat organized, meetings at plazas, while the Inca focused on strict organizations yet very prosperous, relay systems and messengers with precise instructions of delivery. The Inca shined in stone masonry, rigorous constructing of stone that weighed 200 or more tons that fit perfectly together, while the Aztec created masterpieces of gold and jewelry, Beautiful headdresses, cloaks, and ornaments were constructed by skilled craftsmen.
The Inca
Along the Andes mountains a different civilization flourished, the Inca. Not only were the Inca people skilled in masonry they also had a massed surplus of gems, gold, and silver. The Inca empire spanned for many miles which made it hard for both word and food to get out; this problem was resolved by a system of runners who would run from town to town and carried news or food to the designated person. Good stone masons weren't the only inhabitants of the Inca empire, skilled artisans crafted fine jewelry as well as skilled people called khipus kept track of important information such as taxes. The Inca succeeded in many professions throughout the centuries between the 13Th and 16Th century.
Conclusion
In conclusion both civilizations flourished in their own way. many of the characteristics displayed between the Inca and Aztec empire are different but in a way they both succeeded at creating a massive population with organized laws and rituals. The people of these southern civilizations created great cities and temples which have yet to be completely discovered. Although these civilizations are long gone there system of ruling and ways of life have created great impact on modern society in many ways.
Cited sources
Klee, Mary Beth; Cribb, John; Holdren, John. The Human Odyssey: Our Modern World, 1400 to 1914.
Macmillan Production Asia, Hong Kong, March 2012.
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