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Alexander the Great
Transcript of Alexander the Great
11th Grade GCS
GCS International Students
Class of 2013
The United States of America
-356 B.C. July - Alexander is born at Pella, Macedonia, to King Philip II and Olympias.
Alexander was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia in July 20, 356 BC.
He was son of Philip II, King of Macedonia, and Olympias, the princess of neighboring Epirus.
When he was 13, Philip hired the Greek philosopher Aristotle to be Alexander’s personal tutor.
Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle.
Campaigns in Asia Minor
Alexander then led the army south across Asia Minor. Ironically, it is not the Persians but the Greek coastal cities which gave the greatest resistance to the Macedonians. The Greek commander Memnon and his men considerably slow down the advance of Alexander and many Macedonians died during the long and difficult sieges of the Greek cities of Halicarnassus, Miletus, Mylasa. But at the end the Macedonian army defeated the enemy and conquered the coast of Asia Minor. Alexander then turned northward to central Asia Minor, to the city of Gordium.
He united the Greek city-states and led the Corinthian League.
He is a ruler of Macedonia empire at age 20
He conquered the Persians.
He did in 8 years - 11,000 miles.
Greece was a part of the empire.
He loved Greek culture.
David A. Fisher, Ph.D (1999).World History.Greenville, South Corolina.BJU PRESS
Alexander was trained in riding, athletics, wrestling, archery and fencing to prepare him for his future in the military
He also learned math, philosophy, history, science, politics
Alexander's favorite horse.
Alexander rode Bucephalus in every battle until the horse's death will on campaign in Pakistan.
Alexander loved his horse so much that he named a city after him.
Alexander and Bucephalus
With his conquering armies he carried this culture to far reaches of the Near Eastern world.
Battle of Granicus: ~333 BCE
Macedonian army of around 40,000
Conquered Persian troops of around 40,000
Macedonian army lost around 120 men, while the Persians lost around 18,000
Conquering Egypt: 331 BCE
Persia currently had control of Egypt
Persia surrendered when Alexander arrived
Alexander made efforts to become a "pharaoh", even traveling to the great temple and oracle of Amun-Ra
Battle of Gaugamela: 331 BCE
After conquering the land between the Tigres and the Euphrates, Alexander met the Persian army led by King Darius III.
The Persians split into two groups. However, one group backed down and Alexander destroyed them.
King Darius fled the battle and Alexander conquered the land.
Loyalties were shifted and King Darius was murdered by one of his own people.
The Persian Empire ended upon the death of King Darius
Alexander was (unofficially) named King of Asia.
Battle of Gaugamela
Battle of India: ~327-326 BCE
King Porus of India was defeated on the river of Hydaspes after a violent battle.
The Indians fought with elephants
King Porus was allowed to rule his territory, which was typical of Alexander.
The Macedonian army refused to advance farther into India because of larger and more dangerous armies.
Reluctantly, Alexander turned around.
Battle of India
Alexander the Great died in Babylon between June 10th and 11th 323 BCE but the causes for his death are still debated. Possible theories include:
-liver disease from alcoholism