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Peruvian Immigration to the United States
Transcript of Peruvian Immigration to the United States
The Last Thirty Years
The years from 1980 up until the present drastically reshaped Peru into an emigrant nation.
Paterson's long history of Peruvian immigration has made it a bastion of Peruvian culture and community within the U.S. The only municipalities with higher concentration of Peruvians are Harrison & Newark, NJ and Bel Harbour, Florida.
Most Peruvians are either descendants of the Incas and other Indian people or are mestizos, persons of mixed Indian and Spanish ancestry. About 10 to 15 percent of the people are of pure Spanish origin. The remainder of the population includes descendants of African slaves who intermarried with Peruvians, and immigrants from China, Japan, Italy, Germany, and Britain.
Upper, Middle, & Lower Classes
Resulting from the economic and political upheaveal, a massive exodus of upper & middle class Peruvians fled. Miami quickly became a hotspot for the Limeño/a elite.
Peru to United States
US-Latin American Relations
April 24, 2014
Latter 19th Century and Early 20th Century
Peru = Immigrant Destination (Japanese, Spanish, Italian)
First wave to U.S. was in
due to failed coup
Economic boom in
1950's & 1960's
: wealthy sent children to study/live in Spain & Argentina, rural Quechua women to South Florida, and Lima's working class men to Paterson/greater New Jersey
The Shining Path: Maoist guerilla
insurgent organization founded in
late 1960's by Abimael Guzmán.
Lower class Peruvians continued their immigration to the U.S. as well--mainly to NJ, NY, CA, and FL. But they faced greater challenges and the rural poor first had to migrate to Peruvian urban centers before ultimately leaving the country.
Middle class immigrants continued to escape the poor economic conditions under Presidents García (1985-1990) and Fujimori (1990-2001). Began to flourish in Dallas, Houston, DC, and San Francisco.
THANKS FOR WATCHING!
Thousands workers started being laid off throughout New Jersey. This prompted Peruvians to begin immigrating more to Los Angeles & other parts of California. NYC & Chicago also emerged as popular destinations.
All cities in Peru have grown rapidly in recent years. Mestizos and cholos have moved to the coastal cities from the small highland towns in search of a better life
A woman dressed in the local, colorful colors and carrying a baby on her back stands next to a llama.
Flag of Peru
"Three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), white, and red with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a shield bearing a vicuna (representing fauna), a cinchona tree (the source of quinine, signifying flora), and a yellow cornucopia spilling out coins (denoting mineral wealth); red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace" - indexmundi.com
video on Peru's natural wonder: Machu Picchu
United States Involvement
Neoliberal Policies (IMF & Fujimori)
Increasing Privatization of economy
Immigration Reform & Control Act (1986)
Post 9/11 militarization of southern border