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History of HPV by Julia Almeida
Transcript of History of HPV by Julia Almeida
HPV was first discovered by a group of scientists from different countries who contributed to the identification of the virus.
A research team from the Pasteur Institute of France discovered the specific strain of HPV responsible for skin cancer, called HPV-5. The team consisted of Gerald Orth and Stefania Ginsberg- Joblonska.
Harald zur Hausen, a German scientist and virologist published a hypothesis on HPV, exploring the association of HPV with cervical cancer.
Harald zur Hausen
1983 and 1984
Harald zur Hausen and his team discovered two strains of HPV, HPV-16 and HPV-18 that caused cervical cancer.
Gardasil, the first HPV vaccine, and only, that consists of three stages of injections. It imparts lifelong immunity from the four cancer causing strains of HPV.
A study that covered 100% of the US population, during 2004-2008, estimated that about 33,000 HPV associated cancers occur each year. In that, 21,300 HPV associated cancers occur each year in females and 12,100 in males.
Vaccination insurance coverage for at least 1 dose of HPV vaccine among females approached 54%, remaining statistically unchanged since 2011. Only 1/3 of female teens received all 3 recommened doses of the HPV vaccine in 2012.
For boys who received at least 1 dose of HPV vaccine, insurance coverage increased from 8.3% to 20.8%. In 2012, only 6.8% of boys aged 13-17 years, received all 3 recommened doses of HPV vaccine.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). www.cdc.gov/hpv
Hock.(2012). Human Sexuality. Chapter 8, Sexually Transmitted Diseases. pg. 281, Table 8.3.
Stefania Ginsburg- Jablonska
A physician and dermatologist who was the first person to discover a connection between HPV and skin cancer in 1972.
HPV and skin cancer
What is HPV?
Genital warts caused by certain strains of human papilloma virus, and it is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States today. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that 20 million people in the US alone are currently infected with genital HPV and 6 million new infections occur each year.
Hock. (2012). Human Sexuality. Chapter 8, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). pg 288.
WordPress. (2010-2013). Who Discovered HPV? yukozimo.com