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Anth101.111 Lec 3 SPR16

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by

Julie Jenkins

on 27 January 2016

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Transcript of Anth101.111 Lec 3 SPR16

What Do Anthropologists Do?
Ethnography
The account of a culture or subculture based on long-term research/fieldwork.
Interviews
Structured or unstructured
“using conversation with informants largely to discover the appropriate questions to ask”
(Cohen 1984)
What kinds of problems may arise if one only uses interview techniques?
Participant Observation
to "grasp the native's point of view"
Bronislaw Malinowski

Emic Perspective (rather than Etic)
Involves...being continuously involved in peoples daily lives
What kind of challenges do you expect during fieldwork?

What kind of challenges did Stoller encounter?
--Building rapport
--Overcoming their biases of researchers
--Overcoming our cultural biases
--Coming to grips with the mundane
aspects of life
Field Work Challenges
Culture Shock
Characterized by loneliness, anxiety, paranoia, fatigue, irritability
Doing research tells us just as much about ourselves as the topic or persons we are studying
Problems:
-biased questions
-responses are informed by participants biases
-lying
-people tend to talk about culture in a generic way
-do not get a sense of what people actually do
-uncomfortable with recording devices
Qualitative Methods:
-Interviews
-Observation/Participant Observation
-Focus Groups
-Life Histories
--Which culture or society would you like to study? What aspect would you focus on?

--What preparations would you make before you began your fieldwork?

--What methods would you use to gain information?

--What personal or social challenges do you expect to encounter?
What kind of ethical issues may anthropologists face?
-Which anthropological perspective does the film best describe- holism, relativism, or comparitivism?
-Describe and discuss one element of culture shown in the film.
-Describe and discuss one property of culture shown in the film.
What kind of methods do anthropologists use to obtain their data?
Quantitative Methods
-surveys, questionnaires
--quantifiable data
What kind of problems did Stoller encounter using surveys?
Full transcript