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Transcript of Music Project
America's involvement in the Vietnam War Background Info
on the Vietnam War: It lasted for 20 years (1955-1975)
>During the Cold War era< Forces: Communist (North Vietnam = Pro-Hanoi) Anti-Communist (South Vietnam = Pro-Saigon) America took full commitment to the Vietnam War on the anti-Communist side after WW II. ...becoming the largest contingent of foreign troops in South Vietnam However, there was a large opposition force among the citizens of America. What agitated many of the citizens: The Draft This was a system of conscription (compulsory military enlistment), which threatened lower-class and middle-class registrants. Most times, there was media coverage of
the war in Vietnam on television. It brought frightening images of wartime to the homes and it shook their faith towards the American military. The graphic footage of the deaths on the news eliminated any myths on the glory of war. Since there was no clear sign of victory in Vietnam, it stirred up an opposition of war in Americans. From this, America was torn between those who wanted the war to continue and those who wanted peace. The song is a sarcastic invitation for young men to join the army for the Vietnam War. The song is sang as if it was in the American government's perspective at the time, but in an ironic tone. The song portrays the opposition view on the Vietnam War: >How the opposing citizens felt about the government's actions Many Americans at the time did not fully understand the Vietnam War.
>They felt as if they were "going to another Korean War, but in a different country".
>They did not understand the concept of the war : the allies or the enemies USA lost $ 686 billion on the war, which resulted in a large federal budget deficit. Well, come on all of you, big strong men,
Uncle Sam needs your help again.
He's got himself in a terrible jam
Way down yonder in Vietnam
So put down your books and pick up a gun,
We're gonna have a whole lotta fun This part questions and criticizes why the government decided to engage in war in Vietnam. The song comments that America has made a mistake in engaging in this war. There's plenty of good money to be made
By supplying the Army with the tools of its trade. This criticizes sarcastically America's loss of money. (686 billion dollars) And it's one, two, three,
What are we fighting for ?
Don't ask me, I don't give a d*mn,
Next stop is Vietnam; To many citizens in America, it seems that there is no benefit or reason for engaging in the Vietnam War. And it's five, six, seven,
Open up the pearly gates,
Well there ain't no time to wonder why,
Whoopee! we're all gonna die. It criticizes as if America is waiting to lose their life in battle. This song openly says as if the only result from the Vietnam War was more of Americans dying. Come on fathers, and don't hesitate
To send your sons off before it's too late.
And you can be the first ones in your block
To have your boy come home in a box. This part criticizes how the American government willingly sends their men. To most citizens, there was no sign of victory. Give Peace a Chance John Lennon This song was a protest song that became an anthem of the American anti-war movement during the 1970s. Because America was torn between those who wanted peace and those who wanted the war to continue, the opposition side hosted demonstrations and peaceful strikes. This song became the anthem of the anti-war movement when a multi-city demonstration called "The Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam" took place in 1969. Lennon's composition also criticizes how people misjudge others' values and their bigotry towards racism, stereotypes, and free love, and how this results in disagreement and violence. "Give Peace a Chance" uses repetition and rhyme to stimulate the sense of the desire of freedom and peace. Influence and Change Brought from the Protest Songs: "Feels Like I'm Fixin to Die" and "Give Peace a Chance" From protest songs like the ones presented, the opposition towards America's involvement in the Vietnam War grew stronger. Protest songs helped stimulate more agitation from many of the American citizens, which resulted in demonstrations and strikes, like "The Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam", where the participants were singing Lennon's "Give Peace a Chance". Because of the continuing disagreement in America, USA withdrew from the Vietnam War in 1973. Inspirational Music Heal the World We Pray for You We Are the World Heal the World Michael Jackson "Heal the World" portrays the desire for peaceful agreement and no violence between countries, for it doesn't necessarily benefit anyone. It also portrays the wanted need for everyone to be in peace and in agreement without any hate or enemies. The message that Jackson is trying to get across is that there is a need to start transforming the world into a much peaceful and pleasant place to live in. In order to do that, one must always think of ways to help towards our current and future environment. In the music video, it features children living in countries suffering from unrest. It is one of the few videos that do not feature Michael Jackson himself. Its Influence: After composing and releasing this song, Michael Jackson has created a foundation called "Heal the World Foundation". This is a charitable organization which was designed to improve the lives of children and teach children how to help others. The purpose of the charity was to provide medicine to children and fight world hunger, homelessness, child exploitation and abuse. Jackson wanted to "improve the conditions for children throughout the world". Because his video featured unfortunate children, it encouraged people to donate in order to change the world for these children. The funds from these people went to the Heal the World Foundation. This song was near the top of the charts internationally. By doing this, Jackson's message was broadcast globally. Donations from all over the world came in. So far, the foundation has raised $300 million dollars for children who are unfortunate. We Pray for You Composed by JRice & Written by Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie We Are the World Both songs were recorded by supergroups: 55 YouTubers (We Pray for You) and 47 predominantly American artists (USA for Africa-We Are the World) We Pray for You was recorded in
tribute and in support towards Japan, following the 2011 natural disaster (earthquake). We Are the World was a
charity single recorded in support towards Africa. Influence and Change: We Pray for You and We Are the World are two compositions recorded by charity supergroups. Charity supergroups raise awareness and funds for charities or causes which they support. By recording in supergroups, it attracts more audience groups and more awareness for their causes. The proceeds from "We Pray for You" went to the Japan Red Cross to benefit the disaster victims of the Japan Earthquake/Tsunami at the time. "We Are the World"attracted many people, thus selling more that 20 million copies of the charity single. Since its release, USA for Africa has raised $63 million towards their support for Africa . 90% of the money was pledged to African relief (e.g. food supplies and necessities) and the rest was earmarked for domestic hunger and homeless programs in the USA From the fund, over 70 recovery and development projects were launched in 7 different African nations. The End :) Protest songs like these ones shown are composed in order to share the artist's feelings as well as influence their audience members to take action for what they believe in. Through the production of these types of songs, the audience were determined to fight for what they believe in and were able to bring a change: stop from America engaging in the Vietnam War further more. Inspirational music similar to the ones exhibited were meant for the audience to be inspired to make the world a better place to live in. What enhanced the songs were the lyrics as well as the production of the song. In "Heal the World" for example, the video shows children in unrest, which allows the viewers to realize how unfortunate they are and it pushes the more fortunate ones to give more to help those in need.