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Untitled Prezi

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anh bui

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of Untitled Prezi

III.End Matters
II.Body of the Report
II.Body of the Report
II.Body of the Report
II.Body of the Report
II. Body of the Report
HOW TO WRITE
I. Front matters
II. Body of the Report
III. END MATTERS
TITLE
A GOOD REPORT
Presenter: Group 3
PREFACE
How to write A Good Report
Without publication,
science is dead.
Work, finish, publish
Gerald Piel
Michael Faraday
How to write A Good Report
STRUCTURE
I. Front matters
II. Body of the report
III. End matters
How to write A Good Report
I. Front matters
Title
Author(s)
Abstract
(Table of Contents)
(List of Tables)
(List of Figures)
Acknowledgements
How to write A Good Report
I. Front matters
-Short
-Accurate
-Informative
-Key words
-No abbreviations
I. Front matters
ABSTRACT
(summary of work)
a) Length
- 200 - 300 words
- Stream line: 1-2 sentences for
introduction
method
results
discussion
conclusions
b) Content requirement
- Self-containted , informative
- No abbreviations
- Best (re)written
- Information covered
aims
objectives
main findings
recommendations
I. Front matters
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Give thanks to
- Direct contributors
- Sponsoring organizations
- External reviewers
Do not thank
- Relatives
- Friends
Informal
I. Front matters
TABLE OF CONTENT
- Scope and emphasis
- Give page numbers
- Organize by decimal system
How to write A Good Report
II. BODY OF THE REPORT
How to write A Good Report
Introduction
Literature Review
Methodology
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
- Usually too long
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
concept
symbol
abbreviation
INTRODUCTION
- Place paper in context
- Define scope and purpose
- What problem(s) are we trying to solve?
- What question(s) are we trying to answer?
- Best written last
- Provides background
information
- Start wide - focuses quickly
- Try to catch interest
- Introduces every new idea
INTRODUCTION
Show what has been done before (Literature Review)
Refer to:
Main authors
Recent work
Requirement:
In the field
Most relevant
Use Citation Index
INTRODUCTION
Show what was done in the present work
Show reasons to study
Define objectives
METHODOLOGY
-
NOT
what should
have been done
- Describe what was actually done
METHODOLOGY
II. Body of the Report
Mention
Methods have been used
Settings, controls, variables, processing, etc.
Basic knowledge of the field
II. Body of the Report
METHODOLOGY
Describe
Experimental set-up, instruments, procedures, statistical processing
Evaluation procedure
II. Body of the Report
METHODOLOGY
Include
Photographs and/or diagrams
Limitations, assumptions, range of validity
II. Body of the Report
METHODOLOGY
Allow
Evaluation of the results
Verification of the results
RESULT
Purely objective
Only facts and observations
Give an estimate of measurement error
Also include “negative” results
Use either
TABLE
or
FIGURE
for a particular subset
II. Body of the Report
RESULT
TABLES
Label all columns
No. Object Quantity
1 Cake 1500
2 Drink 3800
3 Fruit 2780
Goods to be sold in 2013 of store A

Mention all units
Put caption ABOVE
Number sequentially
Include the table after its reference
II. Body of the Report
RESULT
FIGURES
Label all axes
Mention all units
Use same scaling for compared figures
Put caption BELOW the figure
Number sequentially
Include the figure after its reference
Put all required info on the figure
Avoid
- crowded figures
- the use of color
DISCUSSION
- Place where possible
- Be less objective
- Mention

Major patterns, trends
Relationships, generalizations, exceptions
Explanations, recommendations
Theoretical implications
Possible applications
Potential shortcomings
Differences with published work or expected results
CONCLUSION
Restate the main points
Be self-contained
Typically 2-3 paragraphs
1 idea per paragraph
How to write A Good Report
How to write
A Good Report
III. END MATTERS
References
Appendices
REFERENCES
Refer only the work
you have actually read
Include
Exclude
Try to avoid information from
Web sites
Encyclopedias
Textbooks
Lab sheets
Statements, ideas, figures, tables of others
Current & recent publications
Author name(s), title, location, date
Journals
>
conference papers
>
websites
Valuable review articles
III.End Matters
APPENDICES
Additional material for technical reading
Non-essential to comprehension
Further clarify report
Contain specific data/information
Should be referred to in the text
NOTICE !
STYLE
How to write A Good Report
Paragraph
One idea paragraph
First sentence is main idea
Tense
Passive
Avoid use of pronouns
Use
Numbering
Formal and impersonal language
Consistent style & structure
Standard model
Avoid
Repetitions
How to write A Good Report
GRAMMAR
No mistakes
Suitable articles
Short sentences
How to write A Good Report
GENERAL
RECOMMANDATIONS
- Be as brief as possible
- Weigh each word
- Follow consistent structure
- Determine main audiences & purposes
Avoid
- The obvious facts
- Abbreviations, repetitions
- Unnecessary words, sentences, paragraphs
How to write A Good Report
PRESENTER
1. Bùi Kiều Anh
2. Huỳnh Lê Yến Anh
3. Trần Bảo Ngọc
4. Nguyễn Hồng Ngọc
5. Phạm Ngọc Thái Hoàng
6. Vũ Phạm Thái Anh
7. Võ Đức Hoàng Chương
8. Trần Văn Bảo
9. Vũ Thị Mai Loan
Full transcript