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Individuality in 1984
Transcript of Individuality in 1984
"The thing that he was about to do was to open a diary. This was not illegal (nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws), but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death" Symbol
The diary embodies the freedom of expression in a society that restricts individuality to a mere thought. In effect, this instils a level of confidence within the audience to ultimately sympathize with Winston's endeavour and to pervade similar constraints within a contemporary setting. Perspective
Orwell utilizes Winston's character arch as a mechanism to exemplify the emerging discovery of individuality and how Winston flirts with the very concept of being unique. Perspective heightens the level of immersion and intensifies the relationship between the reader and Winston, creating the illusion of comradely. Julia's embodiment of individualism
"Julia, however, seemed unable to mention the Party, and especially the Inner Party, without using the kind of words that you saw chalked up in dripping alley-ways. He did not dislike it. It was merely one symptom of her revolt against the Party and all its ways, and somehow it seemed natural and healthy, like the sneeze of a horse that smells bad hay". Characterisation
Orwell’s characterisation of Julia mirrors self-fulfilment in its purest form. Her character entails a desirable pursuit to defy the party’s stringent ideologies for selfish means. The audience recognizes her self-indulgent identity which is contrasted against Winston’s moral compass to delineate a feeling of liberation and defiance. Foreshadowing
Through foreshadowing key points of Julia’s character arch, Orwell illuminates her progression to individualism as her behaviour is frequently contrasting against the regime’s expectations. Ultimately, the audience is encouraged to accompany Julia’s attempt to obtain superiority over conformity. Dreams are the final point of individuality
In the dream he had remembered his last glimpse of his mother, and within a few moments of waking the cluster of small events surrounding it had all come back. It was a memory that he must have deliberately pushed out of his consciousness over many years. Newspeak systematically eroding the expression of individuality
"The first and simplest stage in the discipline, which can be taught even to young children, is called, in Newspeak, crimestop. Crimestop means the faculty of stopping short, as though by instinct, at the threshold of any dangerous thought. It includes the power of not grasping analogies, of failing to perceive logical errors, of misunderstanding the simplest arguments". Metaphor
"We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness."
Winston frequently has dreams that reveal information about this past and foretell his future. He dreams details about his torture at the hands of O’Brian and his intimate relationship with Julia. Winston’s dreams also represent his individuality, since they are the most free point within the text to express his individuality. Winston’s dreams are the only place where the Thought Police cannot tell what he is thinking, as long as his outward behaviour appears normal. Through dreams Winston can behave and think however his individuality deems. When Winston is shocked and brainwashed by the Party, he is completely and utterly controlled, as they now have complete control over his every though, dream and action. Without his access to dreams, he loses his individuality. Imagery
Orwell's employment of imagery enables the audience to visualize and perceive Winston's most intimate form of individuality. The "last glimpse of his mother" and the "cluster of small events" illuminates a reminiscent image of a former life that fostered the idea of individuality rather than suppress it. By actively recalling these significant events, Winston is promoting a level of individuality that prescribes a level of encouragement within the audience. Metaphor
Orwell's use of metaphor through the medium of 'Newspeak' demonstrates oppression in its most extreme form through the suffocation of individuality. This conveys an unsettling effect that the audience disdains and further opposes. Juxtaposition
The juxtaposition of 'Oldspeak' against that of 'Newspeak' prescribes a fearful tone as the purest form individuality is quashed through confinement of freedom of expression. Orwell positions the audience to disdain the alteration of language in an attempt to portray a societal idea of constraint.