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Creating Effective Teams

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on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Creating Effective Teams

Team Building Activity
Rules:
Get into your MOB class groups
Nominate a team leader
We have created a sculpture and only the team leader may come look at it for 30 seconds
The leader then has 2 minutes to instruct the group how to duplicate the sculpture
If the group is unsuccessful after 2 minutes you may send up another team member to look at the structure
The first group to complete the structure wins a prize!
Creating Effective Teams
Category 3:
Team Effectiveness
Team processes are especially important in larger teams that are highly independent
Category 1:
Contextual Influences
What Makes Teams Successful?
Category 2:
Composition
How Should You Staff Your Team?
Abilities of the Members
Knowledge, skills, and ability
Member's Personality
Big Five/MBTI
Allocation of Roles
Understand strengths
Membership Diversity
Different Perceptions and diverse backgrounds
Size of Team
5-9 members, odd number
Member Preferences
Like working in groups
Common Plan & Purpose
discussing, shaping, and agreeing on a purpose
both individually and collectively
provides direction and guidance under any and all conditions
strive for same type of goal
learn about or master a task, or
simply perform a task
reflexivity
- reflect on and adjust their master plan when necessary
Specific Goals
specific, measurable, and realistic
difficult but achievable
facilitate clear communication
helps team maintain focus on getting results
Conflict Levels
relationship conflicts
- those based on interpersonal incompatibilities, tension, and animosity toward others
almost always dysfunctional
task conflicts
- disagreements about task content when teams are performing nonroutine activities
stimulate discussion
promote critical assessment of problems and options
lead to better team decisions
Social Loafing
coast on the group's effort when their particular contributions can't be identified
making members individually and jointly accountable for the team's purpose, goals, and approach
How to Turn Individuals into Team Players
Key Take-Aways
Mental Models
organized mental representations of the key elements within a team's environment that team members share
performance suffers with wrong mental models
shared mental models:
more frequent interactions
more motivated
positive attitude towards their work
higher level of objectively rated performance
What part of this activity involved teamwork?
What did each person in your group do to help?
Why is teamwork important when working with a group?
What are some important elements of teamwork?
How can being good at teamwork help you in your daily life?
Adequate Resources
Leadership and Structure
Climate of Trust
Performance evaluations and reward systems
Team Efficacy
team efficacy
- teams have confidence in themselves/believe they can succeed
2 options for managers:
helping team achieve small successes
provide training to improve members' technical and interpersonal skills
Discussion Questions
Effective Teams have:
- Common Characteristics
- Different personality traits
- Performance evaluation and reward system
- Tend to be small
- Members that are committed
- Specific team goals
Beware of how you work
Get to know the rest of the team
Think of your team as puzzle pieces that can fit together in a variety of ways
Clearly define roles and responsibilities
Be proactive with feedback
Acknowledge/Reward
Celebrate success
Selecting: Hiring Team Members
when faced with job candidates who lack team skills:

1. don’t hire them
2. assign them to tasks or positions that don’t require teamwork
3. make them undergo training to make them team players
Training: Creating Team Players
allow employees to experience the satisfaction that team work can provide
Rewarding: Providing Incentives To Be A Good Team Player
reward system should encourage cooperative efforts
don’t forget to also acknowledge individual contributions
Full transcript