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Ancient Greek Temples
Transcript of Ancient Greek Temples
The Romans had fesivals, but for their own gods. They were the same gods, but had different names.
With new and improved column capitals, the Hellenistic period (323-146 B.C.) was a big advance in temple building. The Corinthian style was fabulous (see right) and the Parthenon was built in the Hellenistic Period.
There were almost no festivals in the Archaic period. They just worshiped the gods so they wouldn't get punished and have EXTREMELY bad fortune.
In the Classical period, worship took a step forward. With new advances in technology, the Greeks could more effectively worship the gods they loved by building temples and altars.
In the Hellenistic time period, festivals were in full swing. The gods were many people's top priority and the festivals were BIG. People burned food and celebrated for all they were worth in the Hellenistic Period.
Ancient Greek Temples
Ancient Greek Worship
Ancient Greek Festivals
The Ancient Greeks
The Ancient Greeks were very resourceful and amazing people. They started the idea of the gods and helped shape us to who we are today. They made many words in the English language, and gave us much of the knowledge we have today. The Greek's Golden Age was divided into four time periods: Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman. These will all be covered in the rest of the presentation.
Who were the Greeks?
When Rome Took over Greece, (146 B.C.-323 AD) the temples they built were more luxurious and hospitable. I think the original Greek temples were more beautiful.
Temples in the Archaic Period (800-480 B.C.) were very primitive. The temples were made out of stone and the columns were not very decorative. They made temples to Zeus and the other gods during the Archaic period.
In the Classical Period, (510-320 B.C.) temples were more advanced than the Archaic. They also used more marble. With this new material, they put more decorative capitals on their columns, adding stylish new looks for their temples.
Worship in the Archaic times was fairly simple.
It consisted of praying to the gods and sacrificing meat to them. Later, this would involve making temples to the Greek gods.(See the connection?)
In the Hellenistic period, the Grecians
were striving to please the gods that controlled their society. They held festivals at their temples to worship the gods.
The Roman style of worship was much like the Greeks' worship. They had festivals and temples to worship the gods and please them. If they didn't, the gods would punish them.
In the Classical Period, festivals were just
becoming popular. The festivals weren't huge, but they still honored the gods in a public way to please them.
See the Connection?
The connection between temples, worship, and festivals is that to WORSHIP the gods, they built TEMPLES, and had FESTIVALS at the temples.
By: Elias Manutes