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Sensory Experience

Lecture given at the Theory Series in the MA in Urban Design, Oxford Brookes University
by

Laura Novo de Azevedo

on 22 November 2016

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Transcript of Sensory Experience

Lucas, R & Romice, O. 2008. Representing Sensory Experience in Urban Design in Design Principles and Practices: an International Journal. 2, 83-94
References
Sequences of
Smell
and
Taste
Design for
Touch
this led to an impoverished experience of the environment.
western world has overemphasised the visual dimension in design
the world is experienced and consumed through all the senses
if design actions do not take a multisensory approach there will be a gap between production and consumption
Architecture and urban design are primarily visual practices [...] nonetheless, smell can shape spatial perception at least as powerfully as light or sound, producing atmosphere, form...and a sense of place...
http://mortensenfilm.dk/documentary/cities-for-people
the separation between the senses is useful methodologically but does not reflect the perceptive process.
quality of the experience
the importance of detail
+
methodological stages:
identify where sensory activation is mostly likely to be
swot analysis of what exists and deal with problems
tune the results to improve the sensory experience
underlying structures of sensory experience
tactile & interactive
The perceived intensity of smell declines rapidly after someone has been exposed to it for some time.
Habituation
is very important in smell: we get used to smells very quickly.
basic methodology
punctual interventions are innefective
sequences of smells are more effective
time and movement =
sequence
to develop a sensory profile for your area in relation to the group masterplan
Besiktas Fish Market, Istanbul by GAD
STAGE 1

SWOT OF UNDERLYING STRUCTURES
• Green network
• Blue network
• Built & Human network (including uses)
STAGE 2

ACHIEVING BASELINE COMFORT
• Work on the weaknesses and threats
introduction
pulling everything together
-
smell . taste . touch
Haslach, Germany
the olfactory and gustatory senses are chemical senses and are very similar
smell
taste
people don't often taste the urban environment directly
flavour can influence our experience of the city
the Balti Triangle
uses (supported by types)
buildings (types)
!
Zoning (and impact assessment) regulates building types and uses that may go on in the different areas, and by so doing also regulates the distribution and circulation of smells.
smellscape
millenia
centuries
permanent
temporary
city
landform, blue and green networks
street network
blocks
plots
buildings
decades/
centuries
decades
building layouts & uses
street furniture
street landscaping
years
people
vehicles
rubbish
animals
soil
materials
others
pollution
events
vegetation
people
people
people
materials
water
vegetation
events
?
What elements can we as urban designers 'manipulate' to deliver specific sensory experiences?
sources
The City That Always Smells: Scratch-and-Sniff Book Tours New York City's Scents
uses & events
blocks & plots
uses
building typology
haptic system:
street furniture
(taste, touch, sound)
smell . taste . touch
uses, events, street network
design of open spaces
East Chinatown, City of Windor Ontario
London
street network open spaces
uses
neighbourhood scale
Playa de Palma, Mallorca, Spain
the visitors are confronted with masses of flowers in strong colours and psychedelic patterns, also producing (dis) orientating fragrances
The ‘Arteplage’, Yverdon-les-Bains, Swiss National Exhibition, West 8
skin relate experience
weather conditioned
Marina Bay Singapore
Gibson, J, J. 1966. The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Gibson, J, J. 1966. The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
scales
Troye, France
infrastructure
building types
green & blue networks
landscaping
green & blue networks
landscaping
tactile
&
thermal
street furniture
tactile and thermal
paving materials
universal design
public art
surfaces & levels
Ghel, Jan. Cities for People.
urban designers need a clear methodology for delivering a multisensory public realm
street furniture
art and meaning
surfaces & levels
Madrid Rio, Spain
Jewish Museum Berlin
Toronto Central Waterfront, Canada
The Edible City
water
uses
http://www.ediblegeography.com/talking-nose/
density
uses
thermal
consider
who
what
when
where
day & night
seasons
climate
'roughly ninety percent of what we perceive as taste is actually smell'
http://www.ediblegeography.com/category/smellscapes/
'people can enjoy a smell that they say they don’t like when it enhances their place experience'.
http://www.ediblegeography.com/smell-designing-sheffield/
fish market should smell of fish!
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/27/opinion/sunday/scent-and-the-city.html?_r=1
contesting priorities: easy access to public transport or improved traffic circulation are set against optimizing the smellscape
http://www.scentsationalbooks.com/#!new-york-phew-york
“Medicinal urbanism” and the link between scent and design.
"Architects should use their noses as well as their eyes..."
http://www.ediblegeography.com/smell-designing-sheffield/
https://smellandthecity.wordpress.com/page/2/
http://www.sensorystudies.org
http://www.west8.com/projects/expo02_yverdon_les_bains/
STAGE 3
Full transcript