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Nutrition

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josh corrie

on 30 April 2010

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Transcript of Nutrition

Nutrition By: Jaynie Kiel, Job Setser, and Josh Corrie Six Basic Nutrients There are six basic nutrients that the human body needs here they are:
Carbohydrates- are needed for energy, breaking down proteins, and for protecting the body from toxins.

Proteins- are needed for the body to properly function. Proteins consist of amino acids.

Fat-There are 5 different groups of fat: saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, trans-fatty acids, and omega 3 fatty acids.

Vitamins- are chemicals the body needs to process nutrients, control the nervous system, and help create: genetic material, proteins, red blood cells, and hormones.

Minerals-The body needs minerals to form teeth, bones, blood cells, regulating body fluids, and for helping the chemical processes of the body.

Water- Water cleanses the body, keeps skin, organs, and hair in good shape. Water Water is very important and makes up 50% to 75% of the human body.

The body needs at least eight glasses of water a day.

Water cleanses the body, keeps skin, organs, and hair in good shape.

Water helps the body collect the nutrients from food and liquids, helps to control the body temperature, and is needed for proper cell function.

Woman need more water then men to prevent early aging.

If you exercise you need at least two liters of water a day.

Other drinks than just water can help with this process such as herbal tea, juices, and milk.

Things such as coffee can dehydrate you and you have to drink more water than suggested.

A small study says it may help you burn a few more calories each day. How many? About 50 calories per liter or quart of water. About 25 calories per water bottle-full of water. Mind you, that's only 5 M&Ms - plain, not peanut.

Vitamins There are several different vitamins and they all have different jobs they all do different things for the human body. Here are some:

Vitamin A prevents eye problems, keeps a healthy immune system, helps the growth and development of cells, and keeps skin healthy.

Vitamin C is needed to form a tissue that helps to hold cells together.

Vitamin D helps the bones by helping absorbing bone-building calcium.

Vitamin E protects cells from being damaged and also helps red blood cell’s health.

Vitamin B12 helps make red blood cells and helps nerve cell function.

Vitamin B6 is needed for normal brain and nerve function and also helps break down proteins and protect red blood cells.

Vitamin B1 helps convert carbohydrates into energy and is needed for the heart, muscles, and nervous system to function right.

Vitamin B2 is needed for turning carbohydrates into energy, making red blood cells, and is also is important for vision.

Vitamin B3 helps the body turn food into energy, helps keep skin healthy, and helps nerve function.

Vitamin B9 helps make red blood cells and is needed for DNA.





Minerals There are also several different types of minerals needed to help your body:

Sodium is needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction.

Chloride is needed for proper fluid balance and stomach acids.

Potassium is needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction.

Calcium is important for healthy bones and teeth.

Phosphorus is important for bones and teeth and maintains acid-based balance.

Magnesium is found in the bones and is needed for making protein, muscle contraction, nerve transmission, and the immune system’s health.

Sulfur is found in protein molecules.

How many Calories are there really? How many calories do you really think are in a serving of chips?
Fat: 1 gram = 9 calories
Protein: 1 gram = 4 calories
Carbohydrates: 1 gram = 4 calories
Alcohol: 1 gram = 7 calories

so take this label below and figure how many calories are actually in that serving:

so there are 150 calories per serving anyway.
10 grams of fat * 9 calories each gram= 90
Charbohydrates 15g* 4calories per G=60
Protein 2 grams* 4=8
Now add it all up and you get 308 calories
Per serving. And a serving is an ounce.
wonder how many ounces are in a bag?
Thats a big number.
Same With so called Low fat?! This so called low fat snack is low in fat but doesnt necesarily have lower calories.

You Start out with 120 calories already per serving

2 grams of fat* 9 calories per gram= 18 claories
23grams of Charbohydrates* 4 calories per gram= 89calories
2 grams of protein* 4 Calories per gram= 8

Add it all up and you still get 235 calories per serving. Lower than The Regular Lay's but an ounce may be like 7-10 chips. High Sugar Sodas Main problem in sodas is sugar. Within just an hour of drinking a soda do you know what is going on? Well first you get hit with 10 teaspoons of sugar. Then your blood sugar spikes up which causes an insulin burst which causes the liver to turn as much as it can into fat. Now Caffeine absorption is complete. Your pupils dilate, your blood pressure rises, as a response your livers dumps more sugar into your bloodstream. Your body ups your dopamine production stimulating the centers of your brain, which is actually the same way that heroin works. The phosphoric acid puts calcium, magnesium and zinc in your lower intestine, giving another boost in metabolism. Living in a Fast Food World Today fast food restaurants may seem like they have some healthy food but are they really as healthy as they seem. So what is a true healthy three meals at Mc. Donald’s? Well let’s start with breakfast; well the healthiest suggestion breakfast at Mc Donald’s is an egg mc muffin, Hash browns, and a plain coffee or water. The healthiest suggestion for lunch at Mc Donald’s is a regular hamburger, side salad, and a plain iced tea or water. For Dinner the healthiest suggestion you should eat would be a Cesar salad with no chicken and either water, diet coke, or iced tea. McDonalds Vs. Burger King Anti-Cancer Diet By making smart decisions you can greatly reduce your chances of getting hormone dependent cancers such as breast cancer, ovary, uterus and prostate.

Breakfast

Berries, Yogurt and Green Tea

Blueberries are believed to be one of the most powerful antioxidants; they also contain ellagic acid, which prevents carcinogens from latching onto your DNA. Yogurt contains the healthy bacteria lactobacilli, which stops enzymes that turn healthy cells into cancer.

Lunch

Tempeh with Rainbow Chard, Tomatoes and Flaxseed.

Tempeh is a powerful isoflave that is a plant based estrogen it mimics the estrogen found in humans and animals. The same chemical that gives Rainbow Chard its color are also powerful immune boosters. Flaxseeds block natural estrogen because estrogen can feed certain cancers like breast and ovarian.

Dinner

Quinoa with Roasted Vegetables and Curried Beans

Quina is a whole grain rich in fiber and antioxidents. Fiber Stimulates the good bacteria in your colon to produce cancer fighting compounds. it also cleans the colon. Garlic and Onions They are powerful cancer fighters. Studies have shown they stop cancer growth in the Stomach, colon, brain, lung, prostate and breasts. They also have been proven to kill leukimia cells.

Fortified Vs. Enriched + Whole Grains Fortified means that vitamins or minerals have been added to the food in addition to the levels before the food was refined. Which means after they refine the food they put what they took out back in with some extra.

Enriched means that vitamins or minerals have been added to the food. Which means the same amount of vitamins or minerals was added back after being refined.

Whole Grain| Whole grain products have not been processed and are healthier then the processed foods. A grain is considered whole grain when it has all three parts bran, germ and endosperm. Whole grains are a good source of B vitamins, Vitamin E, magnesium, iron and fiber that Enriched and Fortified foods don’t have. Fat The major kinds of fats in the foods we eat are saturated, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and trans fatty acids. Saturated fats and trans fats raise blood cholesterol. Dietary cholesterol also raises blood cholesterol. A high level of cholesterol in the blood is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease, which leads to heart attack, and also increases the risk of stroke.

Saturated fatty acids have all the hydrogen the carbon atoms can hold. Saturated fats are usually solid at room temperature, and they're more stable — that is, they don't combine readily with oxygen. Saturated fats and trans fats are the main dietary factors in raising blood cholesterol. The main sources of saturated fat in the typical American diet are foods from animals and some plants.

Trans fats are unsaturated, but they can raise total and LDL ("bad") cholesterol and lower HDL ("good") cholesterol. Trans fats result from adding hydrogen to vegetable oils used in commercial baked goods and for cooking in most restaurants and fast-food chains.



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