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Context Clues

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by

Angela Harris

on 2 February 2015

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Transcript of Context Clues

When we come across an unfamiliar word while reading, we can use what we know about the words around it -- or its context -- to figure out its meaning.


What are context clues?
2. Synonym
Context Clues

Other words with a similar meaning appear in the same sentence.
3. Antonym
Context Clues
Look for words that show contrast like "whereas," "unlike," "as opposed to," "but," and "however."
1. Definition
Context Clues

The word is
defined directly and clearly
in the sentence in which it appears.
Context Clues
Let's play detective!

What clues did the author leave us?
Example
Examples
Example
Listen up,
this next one's important!

Can anyone guess what it is?
The meaning of the word isn't directly described, but can be
inferred
.
4. Inference
Context Clues
What's going on around the unknown word?
Examples
Let's Practice
When Jamir agreed with Amber's point, he replied, "I
concur
."
The strict teacher called Alexis outside to
reprimand
her for talking during class.
Unlike the rest of her team, who had lost all hope, Karissa remained
optimistic
that they could win the game.
I work as a
bailiff
,
or the person in a courtroom who helps keep order and looks after prisoners.
When the bully dissed J.C., his clever
retort
left the whole class saying "ooooohhhhh."
This
dismal
weather has me feeling just as dreary and pathetic as it looks outside.
We'll look at four types of context clues
Josh has been the
proprietor
of this restaurant for twenty years, and his father was the owner before that.
The tiny dog looked
innocuous
, but he was actually very dangerous
If you don't
curtail
your spending, you will be broke in no time!
We
implore
you to spread the word to everyone you know and help us raise money for this excellent cause.
Answer:
Proprietor
means "the owner of a business or a holder of property.
Answer:
Innocuous
means "not harmful or offensive."
Answer:
Curtail
means "to reduce in extent or quantity."
Answer:
Implore
means "to beg someone earnestly or desperately to do something."
Here are some strategies to apply these types of context clues to a sentence:
1. Look
BEFORE, AT and AFTER the word
2. Predict
Quickly predict the word’s meaning using context clues.
3. Reason
4. Resolve
Think more carefully about the word’s meaning, trying to be as precise as possible, and see if your prediction fits.

Decide whether or not your prediction was accurate; look up the unfamiliar word to double check yourself.
Lewis Carroll
1832-1898
’Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.

“Beware the Jabberwock, my son!
The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!
Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun
The frumious Bandersnatch!”

He took his vorpal sword in hand;
Long time the manxome foe he sought—
So rested he by the Tumtum tree
And stood awhile in thought.

And, as in uffish thought he stood,
The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame,
Came whiffling through the tulgey wood,
And burbled as it came!

One, two! One, two! And through and through
The vorpal blade went snicker-snack!
He left it dead, and with its head
He went galumphing back.

“And hast thou slain the Jabberwock?
Come to my arms, my beamish boy!
O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!”
He chortled in his joy.

’Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.
Jabberwocky
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