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Teaching Philosophy- Intro to Education

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Carly Hillmer

on 8 September 2014

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Transcript of Teaching Philosophy- Intro to Education

Our Classroom
Philosophy

Teacher
The roll of the teacher will be to design the lessons and encourage the students to become educated. The teacher will also rouse a sense of responsibility to humanity in daily learning activities.
Student
A student's roll in the classroom will be active, impassioned, involved, and motivated to engage in social issues as well as the curriculum.
Learning Environment
Students will feel comfortable with taking risks. The learning environment will be engaging, interesting, and with a democratic foundation. The students will also go out into the community and have choices about what they would like to do to better our world.
Curriculum
The curriculum in classroom will be very hands on. Students will attain knowledge through creativity and communal efforts. They will also learn by listening, interacting, examining, researching, analyzing and evaluating.
Instruction
Students will construct ideas about how to better the world by being educated citizens, and taking an active roll in the community. They will also be actively engaged in cooperative learning, exploration, and group work.
Our Classroom Philosophy
Most teachers use more than just one of the 5 Philosophies. For our ideal classroom, we have chosen both the
Progressivism and Social Reconstructionism Philosophies.
It will be a student centered classroom.
4 Branches of Philosophy applied to Progressivism
"What is real?" is determined by what we learn using our five senses. We gain information from experiences of exploration and discovery. What we find valuable is what we learn, through interacting with our own culture. In order to make sense of things, we use problem solving skills.

Social Reconstructionism applied to
The 4 Branches of Philosophy
When using the Social Reconstructionism Philosophy, we verify what is real through research and analysis. We learn from both individual and group searches for meaning and justice. We value what makes society more fair and honest. We make sense of the world by weighing out, "Is it good for society, or harmful?"
Philosophy
:
Social Reconstruction

Definition
: A philosophy used in education that is focused on achieving social change and promoting equity and community.

What is the role of the teacher?
What do classrooms look like?
History of of the theory of Social Reconstruction:
Theodore Burghard Hurt Brameld (1904-1987)
Bramheld was the original person behind the philosophy of Social Reconstruction in American Education. This well known educator and philosopher created this education idea as a reaction to the events occuring during World War II. Bramheld saw how human extinction was a very real possibility through the new advancement in technology and cruelty. The idea of Social Reconstruction came from another side of humanity that shone through during WWII. Bramheld witnessed the compassion and unity that existed as well, giving him the idea of a Benefecient society.
The Teacher is the facilitator and guide for the classroom. Instills sense of responsibility for humanity among the students. Active engagement required. Students must be involved in social issues.
Classrooms
Classrooms should take on a democratic approach with emphasis on community within the classroom, the building, and the community. The curriculum is based on the goals set to bring about social awareness and change.
Philosophy:
Progressivism
Definition:
A philosophy of education in which the interests of the students and experimental learning is main focus of the curriculum
Progressivism
is a student-centered approach
encourages learning through student discovery and problem solving
The "process" of learning is usually seen as more important than the actual "product"
Constructivism
is a more specific philosophy that fall within the broader ideas of progressivism
Students who are given the opportunity to discover and problem solve are better prepared to adapt to the problems they'll encounter throughout life
Teachers should be VERY encouraging and active, providing a "safety net" of instruction and support
Providing a safe environment for exploration is important
encouraging students to take risks builds confidence and in turn encourages student's creativity!
A progressive classroom will have diverse opportunities for students to create and explore ideas
"Hands on" learning is key
"Choice," both personal and collectively are important
Students must draw their own valuble conclusions about the content being presented
Not just "what" was learned but "how."
The Classroom Differences
A Progressivism Classroom
Progressive Technologies
Other Philosophies.....
A Social Reconstruction Classroom
Similarities Between The Philosophies
An Example lesson
In modern classrooms, technology is becoming more readily available for many uses and students are becoming increasingly more proficient using those technologies.
Many classrooms have access to lab tops, "iPads, or have a desktop computer.
Use technology to obtain certain goals and cover certain curriculum with "ongoing" projects. One assignment in a particular platform can cover many topics and can produce many different final products, its all up to the students.
Games and other learning programs are abundant. Used wisely, they can give students choice and provide a different type of "fun."
There are endless amounts of ideas, programs, and web tools for educators, use them in the classroom!
These technologies can also be used for homework. Assign smaller activities to be completed at home using these same tools.
(this may pose challenges as some students may not have computers at home or internet access)
The lesson is about photosynthesis
What makes plants grow and how they live.
First the teacher have his or her students grow their own vegetable plants in cups.
The students observe the plants growing.
Once the plants are big enough the teacher is going to set up a field trip to their local garden
The students are going to plant their plants
When it is time to harvest they will go and help.
The other major philosophies that are teacher-centered, Essentialism and Perennialism, present the biggest differences with progressivism. Both philosophies focus on a "core" curriculum that must be taught. Essentially,information that is unchanging. Students opinions and "choice" are not valued.
While Social Reconstructionism and Existentialism are both a student based theories, they tend to focus more on the importance of the individual and how they can affect the society in which they live.
Progressivism seems to fall in the middle. It focuses less on societal importance and more on the individual's learning needs.
Its goals are not defined in terms of learning required knowledge. Rather, it relies heavily on the importance of the student's participation.
Progressivism allows students to make choices, explore different ideas, encourages problem solving and most importantly, allows the students to make mistakes.
An Example lesson
The lesson is about hydrophobic and hydrophilic
water loving things and water (disliking this)
They would do a lab experiment that describes how oil and water don’t like to mix.
Each student would make their own mini lava lamps
which is just oil, water, and food coloring.
Then the teacher would come around and help the students understand and give them things to think about and talk about in small groups.
while the students are discussing the answers the teacher would go around close the lava lamps
The lessons are going to be taught as a group or in many smaller groups with more of hands on feel.
The students are going to be able to find the best way to learn for themselves.
In terms of homework/ assignments they are more for the student and how they learn not so much as busy work or for a grade.
This learning environment is more focused on how the individual wants to learn with a more at home safe environment to do so. Also a functional space that is easy to move around in.
This classroom type has more of a community feel to it. Where the students can see and engage with others in the class. Also it is set up in an open and child friendly environment, and their would be student art work of their communities all over.
Assignments/ projects
The types of assignments in this class would be more of reflecting what they learned in a particular activate. Also the worksheets would have an open ended air to them that the student could use to help them understand the subject in a more concert way.
Assignments/ projects
The type of assignments that would be in this classroom would be centered more around how the lesson or activity can help or hurt your community. Also if the teacher was to give worksheets they would be more of explain why the activity or lesson would help or hurt the community. Another activity would be to have the students find this that they could do that would benefit their communities.
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