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Copy of DEVELOPMENT OF HHO GENERATOR FOR MICRO TURBINES

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Anne Arellano

on 26 June 2014

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Transcript of Copy of DEVELOPMENT OF HHO GENERATOR FOR MICRO TURBINES

DEVELOPMENT OF HHO GENERATOR FOR MICRO TURBINES
INTRODUCTION
International Energy Agency states that from 2015 onwards there will be a demand for hydrogen
Hydrogen is a carbon free energy carries, it plays an important part in reducing greenhouse gas emissions
Electrolysis is used to separate water to HHO gas
HHO (Hydrogen-Hydrogen-Oxygen) gas is also known as oxyhydrogen or brown gas
Currently HHO generators are being used in cars. There isn't many research on HHO generators for micro-turbine
GENERAL OBJECTIVE
The objective of this research is to develop a HHO Generator that produces HHO gas for power generation
SPECIFIC
OBJECTIVE
To select an appropriate material for the electrode in the production of HHO gas
To analyze the effect of different electrolyte quality on the production of HHO gas
To determine the ideal spaces between electrodes for optimum HHO gas production
To determine the effect of size and alignment of the electrodes affect the production of HHO gas
To study the relationship between the applied voltage and the production of HHO gas
LITERATURE REVIEW
K.Chakrapani et. al [2011]
Stainless steel is the best material for electrode material
Minimum and uniform spaces between the electrode arrangement
Electrode arrangement is
P
-
Nu-Nu
-
N
-
Nu-Nu
-
P
-
Nu-Nu
-
N
;

P
-
Nu-Nu-Nu
-
N
-
Nu-Nu-Nu
-
P
-
Nu-Nu-Nu
-
N
Neutral plate is effective way to lower plate voltage as lower voltage means less heat .
Ideal voltage per plate is 1.25 Volts
Cameron Sobie [2011]
Gold and Platinum should be used as electrode material as stainless steel suffers cathodic erosion
However Gold is too expansive to used therefore stainless steel is most cost efficient
Sodium hydroxide is ideal to be used due to its high conductivity
Yadav Milind [2011]
Uses teflon washer to separate the electrodes as it gives a 1.6mm gap
if the gap is >1.6mm the rate of production of HHO gas will reduce
if the gap is <1.6mm it is dangerous as there is a chance of current to jump across the electrode giving sparks
SETUP OF HHO GENERATOR
Setup of electrodes
Electrical circuit
EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE
A. Electrode Material
316 stainless steel
304 stainless steel
Aluminum
B. Electrolyte Quality
10% Sodium Hydroxide
20% Sodium Hydroxide
40% Sodium Hydroxide
C. Spaces between Electrodes
1.58mm
2.36mm
3.18mm
D. Size and Alignment of the electrodes
N
-
Nu-Nu
-
P
-
Nu-Nu
-
N
-
Nu-Nu
-
P
N
-
Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu
-
P
-
Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu
-
N
-
Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu
-
P
N
-
Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu--Nu-Nu
-
P
-
Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu
-
N
-
Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu-Nu
-
P
E. Applied Voltage
6volts
12volts
18volts
SAFETY
Wear protective equipment
Use safety elements such as fuse, high current relay, on-off switch, pulse width modulator
HHO gas can not be stored
Experiment conducted in a well ventilated area
EXPECTED OUTCOME
316 Stainless steel [4]
28 % Sodium Hydroxide [2]
1.58mm space [4]
+NNNNNN-NNNNNN+NNNNNN- [1]
12 volts [4]
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES
Project is on schedule
The next phase is to build the prototype and start the experiment
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
1.Cameron Sobie. Final Recommendation Report for Oxyhydrogen Generator Analysis and Optimization. Faculty of Applied Science, University of British Columbia. 10th January 2011.
2.Natalia Chraplewska, Kamil Duda, Milosz Meus. 2011.Evaluation of Usage Brown Gas Genertor for Aided Admission of Diesel Engine with Fermentative Biogas and Producer Gas. Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport Vol.18. 2011. pg 53-60
3.K.Chakrapani, DR. P. Neelamegam. 2011. Optimization of Fuel Consumption Using HHO in HDL Technique Verified in FPGA. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology.30th September 2011.Vol31 No2. PG 140-146.
4.Yadav Milind S., Sawant S. M., Anavkar Jayesh A. AND Chavan Hemant V. 2011. Investigation on Generation Methods for Oxy-Hydrogen Gas, It's Blending with Conventional Fuels and Effect on the Performance of Internal Combustion Engine. Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research Vol.3(9) . 21st September 2011.
5.http://www.hho4free.com/electronics.htm
6.http://reduceyourfuelbill.com.au/forum/index.php?topic=79.0

[5]
[6]
NAME: JEYASREE A/P RATANARAJAH
ID:ME085579
SUPERVISOR: MS TAN EE SANN
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