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Passive voice

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by

Gianinna Schade

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Passive voice

Timeline
2013
2009
2010
2011
2012
Team
0
+
-
=
9
8
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
c
Now you
She is reading a magazine
Future
- Teachers will grade exams tomorrow


- Apple will create new mobile phones


- Nasa will design new space ships
Passive voice
We use passive voice when we need to
highlight the importance of the object
in a sentence

Look at the following Example
Passive voice / Simple Present
The object becomes the subject
and the subject the agent
Simple Present
The boy kicks the ball
Past Continuous
Jessica was cleaning her room
Past Simple
Shakespeare wrote Hamlet
Continuous Tenses
Active voice
The subject performs the action
The ball is kicked by the boy
object
Verb to be
Participle
Subject/agent
Active Voice
Hamlet was written by Shakespeare
object
Verb
to be
Past
Participle
Subject/agent
Simple Future
Aliens will invade Earth
Active Voice
The Earth will be invaded By Aliens
Passive voice
object
Aux
Participle
Subject/agent
Passive voice
Passive voice
Now you....
Present
-Mom washes the car every tuesday


- Jess write an email to Tom every day
The car is washed by Mom every tuesday
An Email is written by Jess to Tom everyday
Past
-Grandma baked potatoes for dinner

-Playstation released a new console


- C. Columbus discovered América
Potatoes were baked by Grandma
A new console was released by Playstation
America was discovered by C. Columbus
Exams will be graded by Teachers
New mobile phones will be created by Apple
New Space ships will be designed by Nasa
Present Continuous

Jim is washing the car
Passive voice
Active Voice
The car is
BEING
washed by Jim
Object
Verb
to be
Aux
participle
agent
Active voice

The room was
BEING
cleaned by Jessica
Passive voice
Object

verb
To be
Aux
Participle
Agent
Perfect Tenses
Present
Alice has delivered a baby

A baby has
BEEN
delivered by Alice
Passive voice
Object
Aux
have
or
has
Participle
Agent
Past Perfect
Michael had painted the house



Active voice
The house had
BEEN
painted by Michael
Object
Had
Aux
Participle
Agent
Passive voice
He was driving a mustang
He has eaten roast beef all day
He had finished his project by then
A magazine is being read by her
A mustang was being driven by him
Roast beef has been eaten by him all day
His project had been finished by him by then
Transitive Verbs
These verbs have an object
Sometimes two objects
For example
Luis Sent an Email to Alice
What is the thing sent?
An email
Direct
Object
Who received the email?
Alice
Indirect
Object
Now we can create two Passive sentences
D.O.
An email
was sent
to Alice by Luis
I.O.
Alice
was sent
an email by Luis
Intransitive Verbs
These verbs don't have an object
That's why they CAN'T be transformed into passive voice
For example:
The airplane
arrived at the airport at 3pm
What was the thing that arrived?

The airplane: Back to the Subject
There is no object in the sentence
We can't create a passive sentence
Now you
Create personal passive sentences (I.O.)
Some Intransitive verbs are:

Have come die happen
lack arrive emerge look
appear cry go occur rain stay sleep walk

bring (traer)
buy (comprar)
cost (costar)
get (obtener, conseguir)
give (dar)
leave (dejar, abandonar)
lend (prestar)
make (hacer)
offer (ofrecer)
owe (deber)
pass (pasar)
write (escribir)
pay (pagar),
play (tocar, jugar)
promise (prometer)
read (leer)
refuse (rechazar)
send (enviar)
show (mostrar)
sing (cantar),
take (coger, tomar)
teach (enseñar)
tell (contar)
wish (desear)

Some verbs with doble object are:
Alex taught Fred mathematics
Dad promised Mom a new Car
Alice was offering Zack a new house
Fred was taught mathematics by Alex
Mom was promised a car by Dad

Zack was being offered a new house by Alice
My sister was reading a magazine

My mother was crying all afternoon
My grandpa washes his car every tuesday
Something emerged from the ocean
A famous rocker has just died in an accident
Identify the following verbs (
Transitive
or
Intransitive
)
Full transcript