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Shot Put Kynisiology Project

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by

Aaron Pino

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of Shot Put Kynisiology Project

Introduction
Muscles Needed for Shot put:
· Healthy, strong legs

· Upper arm and shoulder muscle

· Lower arm muscle

· Properly conditioned heart and lung muscles

· Strong abdominal muscles

· The gastrocnemius, or calf muscles

· The hip flexor muscles

· The rotator cuff muscles
Shot Put Kinesiology Project
Elbow Joint
Shoulder Joint: making up joint, clavicle, Acromio Clavicular, Acromion, Bursa muscles, Scapula, Gleno-Humeral Joint.
Knee Joint
Knee Anatomy:

The knee joint is the largest and most complicated joint in the body.
It consists of 3 joints withing a single synovial cavity:
• Medial Condylar Joint
• Latral Condylar Joint
• Pattellofemoral Jont



Shoulder Joint
Video
Injury & Treatment
A wrist injury happens when the tissues of your wrist joint are damaged. Your wrist joint is made up of tendons, ligaments, nerves, and bones. Two common types of injuries that can happen to your wrist are sprains and strains. A sprain can happen when the ligaments are stretched or torn. Shot put can stretch the ligaments that connect the wrist and hand bones a little too far. The result is tiny tears or -- even worse -- a complete break to the ligament.
Sprains are usually divided into three grades:
· Grade I
· Grade II
· Grade III
To diagnose a wrist sprain, your doctor will give you a thorough physical exam. You might also need an:
· X-ray
· MRI
· Arthrogram
· Arthroscopy
Prevention:
Rest
Ice your wrist
Compress
Elevate your wrist above your heart
Take anti-inflammatory painkillers
Use a cast or splint to keep your wrist immobile
Practice stretching and strengthening exercises


More severe Grade III wrist sprains, in which the ligament is snapped, require surgery to repair.

Symptoms of a wrist sprain are:
· Pain
· Swelling
· Tenderness and warmth around the injury
· Feeling a popping or tearing in the wrist
· Bruising
Type of tissue located in the wrist: soft tissue
Soft tissue refers to tissues that connect, support, or surround other structures and organs of the body, not being bone. Includes tendons, ligaments, fascia, skin, fibrous tissues, fat, and synovial membranes and muscles, nerves and blood vessels.
To perform a shot put throw properly and decrease the risk of injury, joints need to be strong and flexible, with a full range of motion.

Joints used for shot put:
· Flexible shoulder joints
· A strong and flexible elbow
· Leg joints, including the hip, knee and ankle
A strong, healthy musculoskeletal system is needed for participating in shot-put. Components of the musculoskeletal system -- bones, joints and muscles -- play a number of major roles in the shot put, including enhanced endurance, strength, speed and mobility. Shot put is not for everyone and requires immense practice, determination and fitness.

Facts: Abdominal, or core, strength and flexibility rotate the body during the throw. Lower body strength and mobility provide a solid base upon which the throw can be efficiently and accurately accomplished.
Shot put throwing could not be done without healthy, strong bones

Bones used in shot put:
· Strong leg bones

· Strong arm bones
The wrist is the most common site of injury in shot putters, with sprains being very common. This is because it carries the weight of the shot and applies a final 'flick' before the shot is released.
Cartilage is Labrum: piece of cartilage that lies directly between the humerus head and the glenoid. Provides smooth surface, allows humerus head to rotate with minimal friction
Rotator Cuff: Made up of 4 muscles suspraspinatus, subscapularis, intraspinatus, teres minor.
Ligaments: 4 that help with it, coracohumeral, and 3 glenonural ligaments
Shoulder Tendons: Supraspinatus, Tendon of the long head of biceps, subscapularis teres major, latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major
Trapezius, Latissimos Dorsi, Pectoralis major, Serratos Anterior, Deltoid, Biceps Brachii, Triceps Brachii, Flexor digitorum superficialis flexor pollicis longus, Extensor digitorum, Extensor Pollicis longus.
Motions: Flexion Extension, Hyperextension, Outward Rotation, Inward Rotation
Structural Classification=Synovial Joint
Synovial Cavity
Articular Capsule
Articular Cartilage
Elbow=Hinge Joint
Six different types of Synovial Joints
Functional Classification=Diarthrosis
Motion= Flexion, Extension, Pronation and Supination
third class lever
Elbow joint=
Humerus
Radius
Ulna
Ligaments=
Anterior Ligament
Posterior Ligament
Ulnar Collateral Ligament
Radical Collateral Ligament
Three Articulations=
Humeroulnar Articulation
Humeroradial Articulation
Pivot Type Synovial Articulation
Primary muscle movers of elbow joint=
Biceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
Anatomical Composition of a Knee:
Capsule
Ligaments
-Extracapsular
-Intracapsular
*Cruciate Ligament
*Mensci
Tendons connecting muscles to bones=
Biceps Tendon
Triceps Tendon
Knee Movements:
Flexion
Extension
Medial Rotation
Lateral Rotation
Origin and insertion of muscles=
Biceps Brachii
Brachialis
Brachioradialis
Triceps Brachii
Lever Type: 3rd Class

There are three bones in the knee joint: the end of the femur or thighbone, the end of the tibia or shinbone, and the patella or knee cap.
There are four ligaments, tough string-like pieces that hold the knee together:
lateral collateral ligament (LCL)
Medial collateral ligament (MCL)
posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
In the front of your knee you have a kneecap called the Patella
Most of the muscles that move the knee come from the hip and thigh. Tight muscles that affect the knee are:
Quadriceps femoris
Hamstring
Tensor fasciae latae
Calf muscles
-posterior
-deep
Origin and Insertion of Knee Muscles:
Rectus Femoris
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Lateralis (Externus)
Vastus Medialis (Internus
Biceps Femoris
Popliteus
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
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