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Liberal Reforms

OCR GCSE B: British Depth Study, 1890-1918
by

David Rawlings

on 7 January 2014

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Transcript of Liberal Reforms

What happened from 1890 - 1918?
British Depth Study Timeline

K: Events from 1890-1918
U: Significance of each event.
S: Chronological awareness
Learning Objectives
Bronze
: Can describe events;
Silver
: Can explain events, with reference to their significance;
Gold
: Can compare the relative significance of events in the period.
Read through the first page of your shiny new work booklet!
Task:
Use 'Tiki-Toki' to create a timeline on the key events from 1890-1918(on p.2).
Success criteria:
Research each event and add the
significance
of the event to your timeline.
Include
pictures
.
Look up
additional events
for the period 1890-1918 and add them too.
http://www.tiki-toki.com/
Account login: ChepstowHistory

Password: chepstowhistory
www.tiki-toki.com
Dingbats
1.
2.
3.
Liberal Reforms
British Depth Study
C
A
B
Match up these famous Edwardian events:
1893
1899-1902
1901
1908
1912
1913
First Nobel Prize awarded
Boer War
Titanic disaster
Suffragette Emily Davidson killed at the Derby
London Summer Olympics
Edvard Munch painted 'The Scream'
Peer-Assessment
Bronze
: Can describe events;
Silver
: Can explain events, with reference to their significance;
Gold
: Can compare the relative significance of events in the period.
How well has your partner done?
Give WWW & EBI feedback
Now upload your timeline to Edmodo.
Save the link in your backpack or send it to the group via a message.

Homework:
Liberal Reforms Video Clip - 15mins
Answer the questions on the video in your book.
Why did the Liberals want to help the poor?
K: Creation of poverty line / map / circle
U: Reasons for Liberals helping the poor
S: Source investigation
Learning Objectives
Bronze
: Identify some reasons for helping the poor;
Silver
: Explain reasons to help the poor;
Gold
: Evaluate the necessity to help the poor.
C
A
B
What do these sources tell you about poverty in 1900?
Charles Booth's Poverty Map
Those who live by crime
Those who live by vice
The starving and homeless, but honest poor
The circles of poverty described by the Salvation Army in 1900.
Rowntree's Poverty Line
Born
Married
Children begin to earn
Children leave home
Too old to work
Calculated that a family of 5 could live on 21s 8d a week.
That's about £56 in today's money!
What do you define as poverty?
No possessions?
No house?
No food?
No clothing?
THINK / PAIR / SHARE
Odd-one-out
The rich
The poor
The hardworking
The lazy
Od-un-allan?
Task:
Work out when this ordinary Edwardian man would be in poverty during his lifetime.
Copy the diagram into your book.
Add a poverty line to show when he is in and out of poverty.
Success criteria:
You'll need to work out how much he and his family earned at each point.
He's born into a family of five.
Left home at 18.
Married at 22 and had 3 kids by 30.
How did the Liberals tackle poverty?
True or False: Reasons to help the poor
Seebohm Rowntree had shown that the young and old were most likely to be in poverty.
The Titanic sank in 1912.
The 'Poor Law' forced poor people into workhouses and unpaid labour.
The Victorians believed that the poor were responsible for their own poverty.
There was no state pension for when you were too old to work.
William Booth had shown that most poor people were poor through luck of birth.
Task:
Complete questions, booklet pp.3-4.
Success criteria:
Skim and scan textbook, pp-8-15;
Include as much detail as possible;
12 minutes.
Task: What factors caused the Liberals to act?
In pairs, create a concept map on A4.
Use these headings as prompts and p.15 to help you:
Role of individuals
Economic reasons
Impact of new evidence
Military factors
Political factors
Actions by local authorities
How typical is this picture of 19th century Britain?
Homework:
Research a
single
liberal reform and write notes on the following:
Name & when introduced?
Who did it help?
How did it help?
What was good about it?
How was it limited?
Liberal Reforms:
Free School Meals, 1906
School Medical Inspections, 1907
The Children's Act, 1908
The Pensions Act, 1908
The Labour Exchanges Act, 1909
The People's Budget, 1909
The National Insurance Act part 1, 1911
The National Insurance Act part 2, 1912
School Clinics, 1912
Market Stall
How and why did the Liberals help the poor?
Market-Stall Activity:

1. In your pairs create a poster/mind-map/notes on the Reform you have been given.

Use the success criteria as a guide.
You have 10 minutes for this task.
Market-Stall Activity:

2. Choose two people as A and two as B.

Now, in pairs, you must teach each other about your Reform.

First B move clockwise to the next table, you will be taught by A.
Mr Rawlings' Thought for the Day:

If 'You reap what you sow', do those who work hard always achieve the best in life?
Which pair were the best teachers?
Which reform did you learn the most about?
Review:
Which Reform?
Helped children.
Success Criteria:
Identify the measures introduced by each Reform
Evaluate the successes of each Reform
Judge the limitations of each Reform
Learning Objectives:

Know: The changes made in the Liberal reforms
Understand: The success and limitations of the Reforms
Skills: Group work and historical enquiry
Learning Objectives
Bronze
: Identify some ways in which Liberals helped the poor;
Silver
: Explain success or failures of Liberal reforms;
Gold
: Evaluate the success of the Liberal reforms.
C
A
B
Liberal Reforms Market-Stall
Give yourselves a score out of 10 for your teaching.
What did you do well?
What could you improve on?
Self and Peer Reflection
Which reform?
Helped the elderly?
Helped children?
Source skills focus!

M Identify the MESSAGE of the cartoon
Level Two - this will get you up to 3 marks
O
Use OWN KNOWLEDGE to agree/disagree with the message
D Identify DETAIL in the source that supports the message

If you do either of these you will move to Level Three - up to 5 marks
If you do both you will move to Level Four - up to 6 marks
How and why did the Liberals help the poor?
What is the message of this cartoon? [6 marks]
Learning Objectives
Bronze
: Identify the message of a source;
Silver
: Explain source using own knowledge
or
details from it;
Gold
: Evaluate source using own knowledge
and
details.
C
A
B
K: To consolidate knowledge of the the Liberal Reforms
U: To understand how to answer a 6 mark source based question - MOD
S: Observation, inference, communication
Success criteria:
Recap!
Back of books.
Which act helped who?
How have the Liberal reforms directly affected your life?
1906 Free School Meals
1907 School Medical Inspections
1908 Children's Act
1908 Pensions Act
1909 Labour Exchange
1911 National Insurance Act
1912 School Clinics
Children
Sick
Unemployed
Elderly
Thought:
How have the Liberal Reforms directly affected your life?
David Lloyd George

Liberal minister, and later Prime Minister responsible for many of the Liberal reforms.
Homework:

Answer question 1 from the 2005 paper.

Success criteria:
Use MOD notes in your answer
Make sure you have done enough for 6 marks
Mr Rawlings' Thought for the Day:

Do we do enough today to give people a fair chance in life?
Review
Dingbats
In
Task:
In pairs annotate your cartoon with MOD.
What is the message of this cartoon?
Task:
Write an answer to this question using your notes.
What is the message of this cartoon?
Task:
1. Swap your answers with somebody new.
2. Highlight MOD on their answer.
3. Add WWW and EBI to their answer.
What is the message of this cartoon?
Be thorough in your feedback!
Source skills focus!

P
Identify the
PURPOSE
of the cartoon
Level Two - this will get you up to 3 marks
O
Use
OWN

KNOWLEDGE
to agree/disagree with the message
D
Identify
DETAIL
in the source that supports the message

If you do either of these you will move to Level Three - up to 5 marks
If you do both you will move to Level Four - up to 6 marks
How and why did the Liberals help the poor?
Why was this cartoon published in 1911? [6 marks]
Learning Objectives
Bronze
: Identify the purpose of a source;
Silver
: Explain purpose using own knowledge
or
details from it;
Gold
: Evaluate purpose using own knowledge
and
details.
C
A
B
K: To consolidate knowledge of the the Liberal Reforms
U: To understand how to answer a 6 mark source based question - POD
S: Observation, inference, communication
Success criteria:
Recap!
Back of books.
What happened when?
National Insurance Act
School Medical Inspections
Labour Exchange
Pensions Act
Children's Act
Free School Meals
School Clinics
Homework:

Answer question 1 from the June 2010 paper.

Success criteria:
The paper is in British Depth Study folder on Edmodo
Use MOD in your answer
Make sure you have done enough for 6 marks
Review
Task:
In pairs annotate your cartoon with POD.
Why was this cartoon published in 1911?
Task:
Write an answer to this question using your notes.
Task:
1. Swap your answers with somebody new.
2. Highlight POD on their answer.
3. Add WWW and EBI to their answer.
Be thorough in your feedback!
1906
1907
1908
1908
1909
1911
1912
Why was this cartoon published in 1911?
Why was this cartoon published in 1911?
This cartoon was published in 1911 to coincide with and gather support for the introduction of the National Insurance Act part 1.

This was a revolutionary bill that would change workers rights for the better by bringing in sick pay for up to 26 weeks. Therefore it would need to be advertised in order to inform the public about this progressive change and obtain their support.

It is clear that one purpose of the cartoon is advertisement of this act, as a caption is given to explain the aims of the National Insurance Bill. Furthermore, the fact that the source is called 'The Dawn of Hope' and asks the reader to 'Support the Liberal Government' suggests that its second purpose is to garner public support for the act.
Mark this answer out of 6!
Who opposed the Liberal reforms? - SOD
Learning Objectives
Bronze
: Explain whether you are surprised;
Silver
: Explain surprise using own knowledge
or
details from it;
Gold
: Evaluate the extent to which you are surprised using own knowledge
and
details.
C
A
B
K: To consolidate knowledge of the the Liberal Reforms
U: To understand how to answer a 6 mark source based question - SOD
S: Observation, inference, communication
STARTER:
Look up answers to these 3 questions as quickly as you can:
1. What is meant by 'redistribution of wealth'?
2. How did Lloyd-George aim to do this?
3. How did the House of Lords react to the People's budget?
Full transcript