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Causes of the Civil War

Although the issue of slavery was apart of the civil war, there were many causes to the war besides slavery.

Kayla Blackburn

on 22 September 2010

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Transcript of Causes of the Civil War

Civil War Compromise of 1850 September 1850 Stronger Fugitive Slave Act Events Before Death of President Zachary Taylor Question: Will slavery exist in the territories gained after the Mexican War? Texas Annexation: Any states formed from the Texas Territory north of the Missouri Compromise line would be free states California entered as a free state
Utah and New Mexico territories to be decided by popular sovereignty
Texas gave up land in exchange for debt forgiveness
The slave trade was abolished in Washington D.C. Temporary peace
Christiana, PA What happened on September 11, 1851? Near Maryland border, between Philadelphia and Gettysburg Quaker community which welcomed fugitives Where is Christiana? Maryland slave owner came with relatives and 3 deputy marshalls requesting two slaves who escaped two years prior He found the runaways with two dozen armed black men "I will have my property or go to hell" Despite advice from the Quakers, shooting broke out. The slaveowner was shot dead and the son was serverely wounded. The blacks in the community disappeared into the countryside and three leads fled to Canada via the Underground Railroad "I will have my property or go to hell" 27 blacks and 3 whites were arrested for treason. The trial was to satisfy the South. A slaveholder had been murdered for a legal action and the North ignored it. Harriet Beecher Stowe While living in Ohio, she married Calvin Stowe who was an abolitionist. popular sovereignty Pioneers were moving out west and land was needing to be labled a free or slave territory. Settlers Significance
Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin The Compromise of 1820 Nullification Crisis/Tariff of Abominations (1829- 1833) Nat Turner's Slave Revolt Abolitionist Movement Fire Eaters
Northwest Ordinance Baptist and Methodist Divisions Lincoln/Douglas Debates of 1858 Secession Crisis
(The Lower South) Extension of slavery in the US for the next 30 years Missouri was admitted as a slave
state Maine was admitted as a free
state The boundaries of slavery were limited
to the same latitude as the southern boundary of Missouri Cottin gin was invented so then cotton could be
produced a lot faster It brought an increase in slavery, so then plantations could make more money People started making pirated versions of the cottin gin, so they wouldn't have to pay taxes to Eli Whitney. From 1830 to 1870,the Abolutionist Movement tried to get instant emancipation of all slaves and end discrimation Slavery's westward expansion in the North after 1840 Popular sovereignty lead to the civil war due to the divison of territories being labled free or slave states. Kansas-Nebraska Act People were moving out west
and the territories had not been
labled a free or a slave territory. The Kansas-Nebraska Act
allowed themselves to decided weather or not they allowed slavery. This made the northernes and the
people who were against slavery very
upset which lead to more violence that
divided the north and the south even more. The Tariff Bill of 1816 was a sort of compromise between the conflicting interests. A high duty was advocated on all goods which could unquestionably be produced in sufficient quantity in the Nullification Crisis of 1832. Early the morning of August 22, 1831, a band of eight Black slaves led by a lay preacher name Nat Turner, entered the Travis house in Southhampton County, VA and killed five members of the Travis family. This was the beginning of the slave uprisings. Nat Turner was born a slave in Virginia in 1800. He bacame a slave preacher. He believed God chose him to lead the slaves to the Revolt. He killed 58 men, women, and kids. He was captured on October 31 by Benjamin Phipps. Name given to outspoken southern nationalists. At first, pronationalist thought centered around high tariffs, specifically the Tariff of Abominations. There were three leaders:
1. Robert Rett
2. William Yancey
3. Louis Wigfall She began to see the horrors behind slavery and the break-ups of families it caused. Inspired by Josiah Henson, a slave in Maryland. The plot is about a mom who escapes with her son, after he is sold "down the river." Meanwhile Uncle Tom is sold as well. "So you're the young lady who started this big war." -- Abraham Lincoln Best-selling novel of the 19th century Settlers of the fedral territorial lands
were to make a decide if they
were for a free or a slave state. Violence In Kansas The Kansas Nebraska Act made
the Northerns very upset
due to the fact that tha Act was against the compromise of 1820
which said no slavery north of the latitude 36 30. Violence started breaking out between
the pro and anti-slavery sides. People
were going to all extremes to win for their side. John Brown happened to lead the anti-slavery group and by the end of it over 55 people were killed. Bloody Kansas helped lead to the civil war
because it was the first major violent war between the anti-slavery and pro-slavery people. wilmot proviso The Wilmot Proviso was one major event that lead to the civil war. If passed, it would have meant slavery in any territory to be acquired from mexican war
attempt to acquire taxes by
failed to recieve the necessary two-thirds approval of senate.
make ammount that would exclude slavery from newly acquired territories. Majority of congress funds buy territory containing nearly a million slaves. Congress in 1846 then pass the house. A defeat in senate mexico have commenced in August 1846. Wilmot made ammendment bill
put before the U.S
government during the Mexican War
2 million dollars to settlement of Mexican War. Northern Economy vs. Southern a. Agararian society depedent on mechication
and natinal market system country passed
some 128,300 industrail establish. the war years stimulated production of the new invetional and
accelerated the growth of established tecnology. it gave rice to no important industrial usally
increase in basic industrail production
war saw only 10 percent rise of production. b. During the settlement of North America
by European colonists, British Colonies
largely focus on production. One major
economic result of the war was that
it helped change the U.S. from a country with an essentially agrarian society to one more dependent on mechanization and a national market system. c.Economy was the big thing that helped the
war by building the guns and the war equipment. Mexican War The Mexican War began with a
Mexican attack on American troops
along the southern border of Texas.
Fighting ended when U.S General Winfield Scott occupied Mexico City.A few months later, there was a peace treaty. The experience of the Mexican government influenced the thinking of most officers in 1861. The Mexican War was an easy victory. Mexicans began the war because of U.S. annexation. The Mexican War was an opening of a new volume of American history. Two causes of the war were Texas independence and U.S expansion across Mexico. A series of 7 debates between former House Representative Abraham Lincoln (R) Candidate and Senator Stephen Douglas (D). At the time US Senators were elected by state legislatures The main issue was slavery. They held a debate in each of the nine congressional districts in Illinois. Both had already spoken in two districts-- Springfield and Chicago Lincoln lost but published all the speeches in a book which led to his nomination for president by the 1860 Republican National Convention. Election of 1860 Abraham Lincoln vs. John C. Breckinridge The nation had been divided about states' rights and slavery in the territories
Not even a month after Lincoln won, South Carolina began writing Declaration of Succession. Lincoln won, but this is the final straw for the South and they begin to succeed. South Carolina Convention starts a chain of governors and legislatures from other Southern states to start the process of sucession States Included:
Texas- governor Sam Houston was a unionist and didn't want to seceed. Secession occured in what may be considered an illegal method
Within three weeks of Lincoln's election, secessionists had made a quick break from the union. Cooperationists wanted to delay secession until they had enough states to be strong and stable; known as "Cautious Successionists" Expansion of America Westward Contained provisions on the advancement of education, maintenance of civil liberties, and the exclusion of slavery. The South wanted more slave states, but the Northwest Ordinance excluded slavery Pro-slavery views were central to Southern religion Slavery was the principle issue which led Presbyterians, Methodists, and Baptists to split North and South Religion and culture were mutually reinforcing with sentiments paralleling states' rights ideology, collectively resulting in separation, secession, and Civil War John Brown On October 16, 1859, he led a group of 17 pople with 5 blacks to raid Virginia. His goal was to start a slave uprising. His entire group was killed or captured. Radical abolutionist involved in anti-slavery Harper's Ferry, VA Motivated people to go against slavery Emergence of Republican Party 1820- Country was divided Kansas-Nebraska settlers decide if slaves are free or not Peace was shattered Flood of pro-slavery settlers New forces were spawn Dred Scott vs. Sandford Supreme Court led by Chief Justice Roger B. Tarey, declared all blacks, slaves as well, were not and couldn't become citizens of the US Held as a slave
Lost his case to be free Had no property
Lived in the south
He was property to his owner and couldn't be freed
Abolitionists found out and increased their efforts to fight against slavery The Ordinance provided for no less than three nor no more than five states What was the effect? A new Party was formed North leaders couldn't sit back and watch The upper south had a difficult time trying to succeed from the north.The government pushed the succeed from the north but failed but they held their ground in Tennesse,Virginia,Missouri,Arkansas, and North Carolina. Crisis on Uppersouth and Border states The final factor that spread the upper south states
to the Union was the "peace convention" called by Virginia
legislature. It was a proposal for a slave prperty. The vote
was killed by the Republicans senate before Lincoin was president. Charles Sumner Charles Sumner was in a heated speech about
"the crime against Kansas " he made some very
malicious remarks about senator Andrew Butler. Preston Brooks was a distant cousin to Butler. To defend his cousins honor he waited two days then attacked Sumner in his office with his cane. The attack left Sumner out of commission for 3 years. Fin.
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