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HWH Renaissance Art

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by

Taylor Rankin

on 27 January 2016

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Transcript of HWH Renaissance Art

Renaissance Art
The Renaissance
Directions: Examine the art piece. Decide if it is Medieval or Renaissance Art. Then, explain why.
Comparing Medieval and Renaissance Art
Northern Renaissance
Renaissance Art
Renaissance Artists
Renaissance Artists
Example:
Wealthy bankers & merchants wanted to show off their new status by commissioning art
Increased trade gave rise to Italian city-states & a wealthy middle class of bankers & merchants
The rise of cities brought artists together which led to new techniques & styles of art
The revival of trade in Europe helped bring an end to the Middle Ages & gave rise to the Renaissance
The Medici used their wealth to commission art for themselves & to beautify Florence
Florence was home to the Medici family, the wealthiest & most powerful bankers in Europe
The most important Italian city-state was Florence; In this wealthy trade city, the Renaissance began
The Medici paid to build a massive domed cathedral for Florence
Lorenzo de Medici commissioned this painting from Botticelli of the Medici brothers as the three magi
Medici Chapel
The Medici Palace
Florence under the Medici
The first nude paintings & sculptures since the Romans
Realism & emotion
Classicism: inspiration from Greece & Rome
Emphasis on individuals & interaction between people
Geometric arrangements
Perspective
Using light & shadows
New styles & techniques of Renaissance art
Donatello was the 1st great sculptor of the Renaissance
Donatello revived the classical (Greco-Roman) style of sculpture that were realistic & could be viewed from all sides
Donatello’s “David” was the 1st large, free-standing human sculpture of the Renaissance
Donatello
Michelangelo was one of the most famous Renaissance artists:
He was a painter, sculptor, architect, & poet
His sculptures & paintings showed realism, detail of the human body, & expression to show personality & emotion
Michelangelo
Michelangelo sculptures “Pieta”& “David” are considered masterpieces
Michelangelo’s greatest work is the 130 ft x 44 ft ceiling of the Sistine Chapel which shows Biblical images of amazing detail, power, & beauty
Leonardo da Vinci
Michelangelo
Donatello
Filippo Brunelleschi
Raphael
Leonardo da Vinci was a true “Renaissance Man”
He was a painter & sculptor whose art was known for incredible realism & emotion
He was also an inventor & scientist whose sketches reveal observations about human anatomy & new engineering technology
Leonardo da Vinci
His “Last Supper” shows Jesus’ last meeting with the 12 apostles before the crucifixion; the facial expressions, detail, emotion made it a masterpiece
Leonardo da Vinci’s greatest masterpiece was the “Mona Lisa” which was known for its emotion & depth
Leonardo’s Inventions
Raphael “perfected” Renaissance painting
He improved perspective and realism by studying Leonardo & Michelangelo
Raphael became the favorite painter of the Pope because of his amazing detailed paintings showing a combination of famous Greeks & Romans along with Renaissance people
Raphael
Euclid
Pythagoras
Aristotle
Plato (drawn to
look like Da Vinci)
Michelangelo
Raphael
Raphael’s “Betrothal
of the Virgin”

Brunelleschi was Florence’s greatest architect:
He studied the Roman Pantheon when he built the Cuppolo of Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence
The dome inspired modern building designs
Filippo Brunelleschi
St. Paul’s, London
Dome Comparisons
As these ideas spread, this “Northern Renaissance” developed its own characteristics
The Renaissance spread from Italy as scholars & merchants from other areas visited Italian city-states
The Renaissance in France was most known for its unique architecture
The Renaissance in England was most known for literature, especially the plays of William Shakespeare

A
C

D
C
B
E

F

G

H

I

J

E
J
I
H
G
F
Perspective
Realism
Emotion
Shading
Nudity
Everyday life
Sculpture-in-the-Round
Human Interaction

Processing Activity
Draw a Renaissance picture using any 3 of the following:
F
E
D
C
B
A
Leonardo's Journals
Raphael’s greatest painting was “School of Athens” which blended Classical figures from Greece & Rome with important people from the Renaissance
US Capital,
Washington, D.C.
St. Peter’s, Rome
Il Duomo, Florence
France
England
The Renaissance in the Netherlands was most known for realism in art
Wedding Portrait by Jan Van Eyck
Netherlands
Full transcript