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AS Sociology - Functionalism

Perspectives of culture
by

Amanda Lane

on 12 September 2016

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Transcript of AS Sociology - Functionalism

At the local sweet shop, three particularly nice sweets are on special offer.

A Sparkle, a Wibbler and a Nobbler together cost 40p.

- A Nobbler is over three times the price of a Sparkle.
- Six Sparkles are worth more than a Wibbler.
- A Nobbler, plus two Sparkles costs less than a Wibbler.

What is the price of each of sweet?

Sparkle = 4p
Wibbler = 23p
Nobbler = 13p
To understand the functionalist perspective and the concept of socialisation
Lesson Objective:
Different parts of society (institutions) have a different FUNCTION within society. Collectively, they promote a set of shared norms and values so that society has social order.
Functionalism
According to Functionalists, the most important role of the institutions is to teach the people of society to become FUNCTIONING citizens.
HOW do we learn?
So what do we learn?
Morals
Values
Discipline
Relationships
Social roles
Hygiene
Practical skills
Protection
Morals
Commitment
Values
Charity
Generosity
Friendship
Relationships
Uniformity
Conformity
Responsibility
Personal appearance
Achievement
Discipline
Failure
Authority
Obedience
Norms
Culture
Social roles
Communication
Verbal communication
Non-verbal communication
Role models
Images
Experience
Others
Stereotypes
Sanctions
HOW do we learn?
Primary socialisation
The process of learning how to become functioning citizens within society is called SOCIALISATION
Secondary socialisation
Comes from the people who we spend most of our time with as a child
Institutions reinforce what we learn during primary socialisation throughout our lives
So what happens when there is no primary socialisation?
Functionalism is a sociological perspective that looks at society in terms of parts that work together
In summary....
Everything has a specific function to ensure that society runs smoothly
The role of the institutions is to teach us how to function effectively within society
Feral children are an example of how important the process of socialisation is to society.
What happens when it goes wrong?
Full transcript