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Greek Mythology Presentation: Aphrodite
Transcript of Greek Mythology Presentation: Aphrodite
Aphrodite is the only character in Greek mythology not to have a mother or father.
She was created from the foam of the sea when the Titan Cronos killed Uranus (the father of the gods) and threw then his genitals into the sea.
Aphrodite means "arisen from the foam" in ancient Greek.
However, in ancient sources she is referred to as the daughter of Zeus and Dione.
How she was worshiped
Aphrodite was worshiped with offerings in temples and sacrifices of animals in a way of offering love.
The festival Aphrodisia, was celebrated all over Greece particularly in Athens and Corinth.
In Corinth, intercourse with her priestesses was considered a method of worshiping Aphrodite.
The Adonia Festival took place because of Aphrodite's mourning for her son Adonis—who died tragically young. At Athens, it was celebrated by women only.
In one ritual of the festival they planted quick-growing seeds and then brought them up to the roofs of their houses where they died. This ritual was to re-enacted both Adonis's flourishing potential and his sudden death, allowing these women to emulate Aphrodite's experience.
Girdle (which she used to force upon love)
Role & Importance
She is the goddess of beauty, love, pleasure, eternal youth, fertility and she was connected to the death/rebirth of nature and human beings.
She was also worshiped as a goddess of the sea and honored as a goddess of war, especially at Sparta, Thebes and Cyprus
Sometimes worshiped as a "sacred prostitute"
Greek Mythology Research Presentation
By Ilea Scritchfield
Aphrodite was married to the Olympian God of the Iron, Hephaestus, but her heart belonged to Ares, the God of War, with whom Aphrodite was having a secret love affair.
She had 20 children: 15 immortal 5 mortal
Famous Children: Eros, the winged cupid of love, Himeros (desire), Pothos(desire), Phobos(fear), Deimos (terror), Armonia (Harmony).
Had affairs with gods and mortals.
Most beautiful of all of the gods
Loved to wear jewelery
Very feminine body
Usually depicted nude
Usually was smiling - Queen of laughter
Venus was the goddess of love and beauty.
She was the ruler and goddess of falling in love, not sexual love.
She was not considered a goddess of sexual desire, yet as the motivation and drive behind the creation of all kinds of life
She represented pleasure in a non-sexual way, such as taking pleasure in what makes one happy
That is why sometimes she represents the “love and money”
Stories and myths very similar
They were associated with love, desire, beauty and fertility.
They were born from the sea foam.
They were married to the smith god (Hephaestus/Vulcan) and had affairs with the war god (Ares/Mars).
Similarities between Aphrodite and Venus
Aphrodite in Literature
The Odyssey 800BC - 600BC:
The story of Aphrodite's scandalous love affair with Ares
The Iliad 800BC - 600BC:
Includes the story of Aphrodite helping Paris steal the beautiful Helen and start the Trojan War.
The Aeneid 30BC - 19BC:
The Roman poet Virgil's epic poem, Venus (a.k.a. Aphrodite) looks after her son Aeneas.
The Roman poet Ovid myths and stories of her affair with Mars (Ares), her involvement with Atalanta, her love of Adonis, and much more.
Aphrodite in Literature Continued
The Canterbury Tales:
The Knight's Tale 1387
Part of Chaucer's story takes place on Mount Olympus. Here we see Mars (Ares) and Venus (Aphrodite) bickering about which knight should win a joust and get the girl, Jupiter (Zeus) feeling totally fed up with the argument, and Saturn (Cronus) stepping in to save the day.
Venus and Adonis 1593
: William Shakespeare wrote poem about Venus and Adonis. Venus and Adonis, which is based off of Book 10 of Ovid's Metamorphoses
Percy Jackson and the Olympians Series 2005
: Percy Jackson has run-ins with all of the gods of Olympus, including Aphrodite who appears in the third book,
The Titan's Curse
Popularity of the gods:
Popular in ancient Greece
Roman Empire was established
Roman Empire created the Catholic Church and Christianity
Many people forced to follow the Catholic church and Christianity
Only one god
Polytheism looked down upon
What Replaced the Gods
Roman Empire adopted ancient Greece's beliefs
Gods became Roman Gods named after the planets
They took the 3 main gods Hades, Poseidon and Zeus and made the Trinity
The Trinity: the fact that god is 3 essences in one, hence "the father, the son, and they holy spirit"
The other gods became the saints
Historical Context Continued