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Bruce Tuckman Eng 219
Transcript of Bruce Tuckman Eng 219
Tuckman's 4 stages
Born 1938 in New York
Many of his other works are centered around education research, self help, and self motivation
Teams can function smoothly and effectively without conflict
Motivated and knowledgeable
Able to handle decision making without supervision
Supervisors are participating not observing
Change in leadership can cause teams to revert to storming stage
Theory of group dynamics
Introduced the 4 stages of group development in 1965
Fulfilling goals and objectives
Achieve closure on a positive note
Allows groups to have closure on a positive note
Rensseler Polytechnic Institute - 1960, B.S Physcology
Princeton - 1962, M.A Physcology
Princeton - 1963, PH.D Physcology
Gradually, the team will move to the norming stage. This is when people start to get along, resolve their differences, and feel more accepting of their team members. There might be more communication and an increased willingness to share ideas or ask teammates for help.
Initial trust has been established, members start to see themselves as part of the team.
Team members begin to feel comfortable expressing and challenging each others ideas. Differences between members surface.
Members attempt to establish roles in the group, cliques may form and possible power struggle.
Least productive stage.
A sense of community is established and the group remains focused on the group's purpose and goal. Leadership is shared and members are willing to adapt to the needs of the group. The leader can start addressing potential issues teammates might be having.
Background in educational research and educational psychology
Why come together?
Who is in charge of what?
What is the goal of the group?
1991 - researched and developed a Procrastination Scale
Has written 5 books, and many more articles
Long Road to Boston
This theory on group dynamics can be used in the workplace to improve the way that groups function.
When applied properly, we can use this theory to track group progression through the four steps.
Managers can use this theory to help the employees when they work together in groups.
Smith, M. K. (2005). 'Bruce W. Tuckman - forming, storming, norming and performing in groups,
the encyclopedia of informal education
. (http://infed.org/mobi/bruce-w-tuckman-forming-storming-norming-and-preforming-in-groups/ . Retrieved: Feb. 2nd, 2015).
Tuckman, Bruce W. "Developmental Sequence In Small Groups".
63.6 (1965): 384-399.
ARTICLES. Web. 2 Feb. 2015
"Norming: The Third Stage of Group Development." Norming: The Third Stage of Group Development. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2015.
"Adjourning Stage of Group Development: Definition, Lesson & Quiz."
Adjourning: Stage of Group Development. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2015.