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Gulliver's Travels, part 3

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Gulliver's Travels

on 29 August 2012

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Transcript of Gulliver's Travels, part 3

Gulliver's Travels
Part 3 The Voyage to Laputa Balnibarbi Luggnagg Glubbdubdrib AND... Laputa OnCe UpOn A TiMe... In a land Far, Far away called ENGLAND lived quite an adventurous man
named GULLIVER Who traveled to far away places. z z z Now Gulliver returned from his last
adventure, and rested for oh, 10 days.
Same old same old for
Gulliver... Glubbdubdrib The Island of Socerers In Glubbdubdrib, the Governor has the power to call up people from the dead, with certain limitations. He can command their service for 24 hours, but can not call someone back again in less than 3 months. Also, the dead can only be asked questions pertaining to their time period. Gulliver asks the Governor to call up numerous deceased people:
Alexander the Great
Caesar & Pompey
Homer & Aristotle
Descartes & Gassendi
Most Roman Emperors
About a dozen kings Gulliver has Descartes & Gassendi explain their systems to Aristotle. Aristotle admits that he made mistakes in natural philosophy because he proceeded in many things upon conjecture. After Gulliver's nice, relaxing 10 days rest,
Captain William Robinson, a cornish man,
commander of the Hopewell, came to his house. However, Captain Robinson began to frequently
visit Gulliver. After awhile, He eventually agreed
to set sail as the surgeon of the ship. Gulliver and the crew set out on
August 5, 1706, arriving at Fort Saint
George on April 11, 1707. From here, they sailed to Tonquin, where the
Captain decided to get more goods, but they
couldn't dispatch for several months, because
said goods weren't ready. So Captain Robinson bought a sloop (a little ship
for all non-sea people), put Gulliver in charge with 14
other men and several goods, and sent them on their way. They sailed for 3 days, and ran into a giant storm
that drove them 5 days to the East. On the 10th day of this journey, they were
Overtaken by PIRATES! Gulliver went from Island to Island for many days.
On the 5th day, he arrived at the last island in his
sight, which was south, south-east. He spent 5 hours rowing and rowing
and rowing gently down the ocean, singing
to himself "Merrily Merrily Merrily, Life is but a dream!" The island was all rocky, with little
intermingled tuffs of grass and sweet
smelling herbs. He gathered materials on
the island and saved his provisions the
best he could, when all of a sudden, he saw... this BIG HUGE THING floating in the sky, COMING RIGHT
AT HIM!!!! Gulliver is taken onto the Island of Laputa DUN DUN DUN! Gulliver is then taken to the king's court.
On his way, he sees the garments of the people
adorned with celestial symbols interwoven with
musical instruments. He noticed that many servants
and people carried blown bladders fastened to the end
of sticks filled with little pebbles. These were known as FLAPPERS As the floating mass came closer,
Gulliver began to see persons of
distinction. They pointed at a
rock and made signs for him to
go down to it. The island then
flew over him, let down a chain
with a seat on the bottom, and
hoisted up Gulliver by pulleys. When Gulliver entered the court,
he found the king engaged in a math
problem that took him an ENTIRE HOUR TO SOLVE 345ba51843 254115zza36251 ( ) 3201055 121x847123 ( 54545458877axy36465 548798465142bzz This is just the beginning, but you get the idea... ) Gulliver went to dinner with the king,
eating many strange foods shaped as
instruments and math symbols. Gulliver was then instructed to learn the language,
which he did quite quickly, in his opinion. A tailer came a few days later to make him
new clothes. However, due to a "MisCalculation",
they were very ill made. After talking to numerous people, Gulliver says that he is chiefly disgusted with modern history because he has found that the world has been misled by writers and historians. Gulliver arrives at Glubbdubdrib and he feels a little creeped out, but he is not sure why. The Governor's servants seem to vanish into thin air. Gulliver observes the city with his tutor,
seeing that the houses were built with no
right angles, which was a HORRIBLE design
plan. These people are called "People of Quality"
and He soon discovers that the people are bad
reasoners, not having any idea what imagination, fancy,
or invention are. And these people are supposed
to be GENIUSES! Most of these supposed geniuses deal with
astronomy. Because of this, they don't have
a moment's peace of mind. Their fear is that
the sun will become extremely hot, or a comet
will come crashing to the earth. This encompasses
their everyday life. The women of the island aren't allowed
to do anything, and long to go to Lagado,
the capital. As long as their husbands have
paper and implements, but no flapper, the
women can do whatever they want. Gulliver desires to leave Laputa now and begins
to make plans. He then describes the island as being
exactly circular. At the center of the island is a chasm where all the
astronomers hang out and look over a load-stone.
This controls the island's movements of floating. Please turn to pages 122 (new) 167 (old)
for a look-see at the map. MAGNET TIME! How to deal with
unruly subjects below
101 The dude with the crown has 2 ways of dealing
with unruly subjects that dwell below the island. Method 1: the mildest method.
The king would make the island hover over the rebelling
city, cutting off sun and rain, creating Dearth and
Disease. They also threw down stones while the citizens
hid in caves. Method 2: Cruel and Unusual punishment
The king, if the city continues to rebel, would make
the whole island of Laputa crush everything below. This is highly discouraged and rarely thought of
because the island will be damaged and the king
would no longer have a kingdom and just be a
regular, old, guy in a king's costume. There was one nation, however, that outsmarted these
supposed "Geniuses" The city of Lindalino came up with an INGENIOUS
plan. They erected 4 stone pillars, one at each corner
of the city. They fastened these with attracting load-
stones, along with a large rock in the middle of the city.
The king, after 8 months, found this out FINALLY and
floated above them. To his horror, he discovered that the city
ATTRACTED Laputa very strongly. Lindalino was
protected because if Laputa floated over it, it would surely
be DESTROYED by the attracting forces. Gulliver now REALLY desires to leave. They let Gulliver down the same way they brought him up, and dropped him off on the island of Balnibarbi. Luggnagg After Gulliver returns to Maldonada,
he sails for the kingdom of Luggnagg.
His journey lasted for about a month. He arrived at the Sea-port town of CLumegnig, where two pilots
guided the ship through the rough rocks and shoals. While being guided, some sailors tell the Custom-House Officer that Gulliver is a stranger to the lands and is also a great traveler. Gulliver is then interrrogated about his travels where he lies about his home origin. He tells the officer that he is from Holland, trying to get home by traveling to Japan, seeing as he was shipwrecked. This is because only the Dutch are allowed
to enter the kingdom of JAPAN The officer tells him he must be confined until the king answers,
saying he is OK to enter ther kingdom. He waits a fortnight, where he is treated well.
He gets to visit a garden and hires an interpreter.
After waiting, he is invited to the King's court where
he must... LICK THE DUST OFF THE FLOOR!!! Every person must do it, but only important people
were allowed to have the floor cleaned. Sometimes the floor was even poisoned
for enemies who would die within 24 hours.
Then it is cleaned so as not to harm the king's
subjects. After the display, the king was very DELIGHTED with
Gulliver's company and kept him for 3 months. The king bribed Gulliver but he refused, wanting to return to his family. Balnibarbi Satire Swift uses 10 different forms of Satire in this part of the
book. Numbers 22-32 on the worksheet: Technology: The people of Laputa have many different advances in technology when it comes to the arts and sciences, as well as the reason why Laputa floats. However, these "People of Quality" are supposed to be "geniuses," and get distracted easily. Taxes: Some lawmakers in the kingdom wanted to tax people if they were learned in things other than arts and sciences. They also wanted to tax women, depending on how beautiful they were. The government is encouraging sameness. Wars/displays of military power: The king of Laputa uses his military power to stop insurrections in his kingdom. He clearly shows hesitation when the only option to end them is by pounding Laputa on the people below. This lets the reader see that the King is not fast acting and he cares about his kingdom. He will protect it, rather than stop the insurrections. Laws: Laputa had many different and nonsensical laws. The king or his family weren't allowed to leave the kingdom --> Shows that he has a major role in everyday life....Women weren't allowed to do much, but they yearned for a life off of the floating island. Power Struggles: The king struggled to rule over the people below on Earth. He struggles to stop their insurrections, almost daring to risk the safety of his own kingdom. Kindness to those less powerful: The king of Lagado showed kindness and tenderness to the Lord Munodi, even thought the lord was seen as insufficient and had a "low contemptible Understanding." The King of Luggnagg lets Gulliver lick the floor without poison, even though he is a potentially dangerous foreigner. Good people surrounded by a corrupt society: two main points.
1. Gulliver meets with some of history's most brilliant minds and warriors, but learns that history is so corrupt. Alexander the Great wasn't poisoned, but drank himself to death. Hannibal didn't destroy a boulder with vinegar and fire. Gulliver is appalled by history for being so corrupt.
2. The Emperer of Japan allowed Gulliver to travel home, but not before he trampled on a Crucifix. If he didn't do this, a dutchman in Japan was going to cut his throat. Fear: The people of the king of Luggnagg's court are afraid of what the king may do to them. Because he has the floor poisoned, there is a possiblility of someone accidently dying. Even if they do, the king could care less. His greed for power has corrupted his heart. Unfaithful wives/inattentive husbands: The women of Laputa aren't allowed to do much, and desire to leave the floating island. The men are so busy and distracted by their work, that they take no notice of their wives. The wives do anything they want, as long as their husbands have a pen, a piece of paper, and no flapper. Swift is saying that marriage is a sacred bond, and that daily life should not get in the way of committment. Old Age: In Chapter 10, Gulliver is told of the Struldbruggs, who are immortal beings. Gulliver states what he would do if he could live forever, but the Luggnaggians only laugh at him. Death as a part of life: Gulliver sees that the Struldbruggs live forever. They are rejected by society, not being seen as normal people. They are made to suffer in loneliness forever. The Struldbrugg's lives have no meaning, because they cannot complete the cycle, which ends in death. You cannot cheat death and be happy with your life. Gulliver Meets the Struldbrugs While on the island of Luggnagg, Gulliver meets the
Struldbrugs, people who were born with a rare curse,
a red dot above their left eyebrow that bears immortality. . Gulliver is amazed by this, and
desires to be immortal too. He starts to
dream about what he would do with all that time. . The Luggnaggians just laugh at how stupid
Gulliver is being. They then explain to Gulliver
that Struldbrugs are despised people. They explain to Gulliver that as they grow older,
they become more spiteful and melancholy. They
lose their memory as they grow older. At 80, they,
the government, considers them "dead", but they live off
of a small pension from the people. At 90, they lose their
hair, teeth, and their sense of taste. By the time they are
200, they can't speak a word to anyone. Gulliver is horrified and regrets ever wanting this fate.
He is ashamed at himself for his daydreaming about this
"Gift". He decides that he would gladly perfer death over
that fate. He wants to bring a couple struldbrugs back to England
with him to show others the folly of immortality, but
certain rules restricted him from doing so. Gulliver is then ready to go to Luggnagg, but there isn't a ship that is headed there for another month. Gulliver decides to take a trip to the tiny island of Glubbdubdrib while he is waiting. Alexander the Great tells Gulliver that he was not poisoned like many people believe, but that he actually died from excessive drinking. Hannibal, who is believed to have crossed the Alps by dissolving boulders with vinegar, informs Gulliver that there was not a drop of vinegar in his camp. Gulliver arrives at Balnibarbi, dressed like one
of the Natives. The Lord Munodi orders him an apartment in his house and Gulliver stays here for the duration of his stay. Munodi was the governor of Lagado but was then discharged
for insufficiency. The morning after his arrival, Munodi takes
Gulliver around the town in his chariot. Many of the buildings were strangely built and falling apart.
Most of the people in the streets are in rags. ? ? ? ? ? ? Gulliver observes that there are many people in the town
and the country but they do not seem to be producing
any good effects...makes a person wonder He points this out to Munodi and he tells Gulliver just hasn't been
among them long enough to form any sort of judgement. The next morning they take a 3 hour journey
and end up in a beautiful countryside containing
vienyards, corngrounds, and meadows. Gulliver and Munodi stay in Munodi's country house and he
tells Gulliver about his people. About 40 years ago, people went up to Laputa for business or diversion, and came back after 5 months with a little knowledge of mathmatics and full of volatile spirits. They began to dislike the management of everything below Laputa. They decided to build an Academy of Projectors in Lagado to focus on the the Arts, Sciences, Languages, and mechanics. The professors at the Academy created new
rules, methods, instruments, and tools. The one downfall of the academy is... ...that none of the projects are perfected, so the country continues to lie in waste. After a few days they return to town and
Gulliver goes to visit the academy. THE ACADEMY Gulliver goes to the Academy of Lagado,
which is a continuation of several houses on
both sides of the street. Gulliver is received by the Warden and goes to the Academy for many days. He sees many DIFFERENT AND UNUSUAL experiments. The first man he saw had been working for 8 years to extract sun-beams out of cucumbers, so that he could provide the governor's garden with sunshine at a reasonable rate. The second chamber had a HORRIBLE sTINK! The student in this chamber tried an operation
to reduce human excrement to its original food, by
separating parts. We won't go into details because
it is quite DISGUSTING! In another chamber there was an architect who conceived a new
method for building houses by beginning at the roof and working his way down. In another chamber, a blind man with blind students was mixing paint colors. Their master taught them to distinguish the colors
by feeling and smelling. Needless to say, they were quite wrong. One man found a device of plowing the ground with hogs by burying vegetables in the ground that hogs loved. This is quite contradictory, since they have to plow the earth to bury the veggies then re-plow with the hogs. One room was filled with cobwebs because the student lamented the fatal mistake of using silk-worms. He proposed that using spiders would save the silk-worm race. His reasoning was that spiders have infinite webs to spin and by feeding them different colored flies, they can make a rainbow assortment of colors. One professor thought he could solve all diseases by filling a patient with air and letting it exhale. He tried this on a dog, who died, and the he tried to revive it by the same operation. Quite sad, really. Gulliver then went into another room that was quite large with many professors. There were many students as well. The invention here was to make new words. There was this BIG OLD TABLE with 40 students and a lever for each. On the table, there were different symbols... Please turn to page 136 (new) or 182 (0ld). For 6 hours a day, the students labored, making about 500 frames in Lagado a day. They did this to simplify the language. When they pulled the levers, they made sentences. Another scheme in this room was for getting rid of all words. The goal was to express oneself with THINGS , but if one had no THING to express himself with, he could not communicate. If this worked, anyone around the world could speak a universal language. In the last room, ther was a mathematical school. The professor made his students swallow a wafer with math problems on it, and they couldn't eat anything but bread and water for 3 days. As Gulliver went to the school of political projectors, he began to sense that all the professors were INSANE The Common Laws Persuaded kings to pick their poison (favorites) through wisdom, capacity, and virtue. Ministers needed to consult the public good by rewarding merit, great abilities, and imminent services. Princes must know their true interests
by placing it with their people. With employment, they must choose people qualified
to exercise the tasks, Along with other impossible chimeras,
that never entered into the heart of man. Now, there was a doctor who seemed to be intelligent in nature and in politics. He found out effective remedies for all diseases and corruption. He says that writers agree that there are similarities between the natural and political body. Example: The health of a body to be perserved from diesases by prescriptions. The senates and councils are often very troubled and have diseases of the head and heart. It controls all of the body, especially the right hand. The doctor says that physicians should attend the first three days of the senate's meetings and study them. On the fourth day, they should return to the senate and have proper medicines to administer. It wouldn't be good for the public, but for businesses. For princes who are troubled and have weak memories, they should tweak him in the nose, kick him in the belly, tread on his corns, lug him thrice by both ears, run pin into his pantalones, or pinch his arms black and blue to prevent his forgetfulness The Doctor's Orders When the senate is violent, you break each of the hundred members into pairs, where each members head is approximately the same size. Then, let 2 nice operators saw off the Occiput of each couple at the same time, so the brain may be divided equally. Then you perform a brain SWITCHAROO This must be precise, so that the brains may argue about the matter inside the skull to produce regularity and thinking. Later GUlliver heard a debate about money. One said they should be rated upon the fairest manner by their neighbors. The second said you should be taxed upon the quality of your body and mind. The highest tax would be upon men, who are the greatest favorite of the other sex. Wit, valor, and politeness would be taxed upon. However, honor, justice, wisdom, and learning would not be. Women should be taxed on their beauty and skill in dressing but constancy, chasity, good sense, and good nature were not taxed. TAXING THE PEOPLE: Balnibarbi Style Senators should raffle employment, take an oath, and secure that he would vote for the court, whether he won or lost. Losers would try again next time so that hope would be kept alive. The revealing of a traitor...? One professor showed Gulliver instructions of discovering plot and conspiracies against the government. Statesmen must examine the diet of suspected people, like their times of eating, what side they lay upon in bed, which hand they wipe their tushies with, and... WHAT THEIR POO LOOKS LIKE! They view the colour, the odor, the TASTE the consistency, the curdeness, or the maturity of digestion through said poo. They then form a judgement. A plot for murdering the king = Slightly green Other colours mean different things. Most people who try to kill the king are trying to higher their status, restore order, to raise or sink public credit or to help their private advantage. The people plotting have their mail taken and sorted through. Using mysterious meanings of words, syllables, and letters, they can determine a plot to kill the king. Gulliver now REALLY wants to return home to ENGLAND Japan After the encounter with the Sturldbruggs, Gulliver was insistent to return to his home country of "Holland" They granted him license to leave along with a letter of recommendation to Japan's emperor and 445 pieces of gold, and a large red diamond which he sold. He left the kingdom on May 6th, 1709.
The whole journey took 20 days. Japan When he landed in Japan he gave his letter to a Custom-House Officer. Gulliver was received as a public magistrate. An interpreter was given to Gulliver when he had an audience with the Emperor. Gulliver retells his "story" of how he was a Dutch merchant shipwrecked. Gulliver makes a slip in his story by asking that the Emperor excuse his performing of the ceremoning imposed on his countrymen, the trampling of the Crucifix. The Emperor was surprised at this, and began to doubt that Gulliver was a real Hollander, since no person had ever said this. Even though he was suspicious, he let him pass. He got on a boat and made up a story of his life so that the Dutch sailors wouldn't be suspicious. Gulliver was accused of not trampling on the Crucifix, but that sailor was paid to keep quiet. On April 10, 1709, Gulliver returned home to ENGLAND Anyone have any questions about the Travels of Gulliver? Or either study guide paper?? Did you learn something???
We hope!!! :)
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