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Contrastive Analysis - English vs. Spanish

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정은 정

on 4 November 2013

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Transcript of Contrastive Analysis - English vs. Spanish


English and Spanish have a strong correspondence between the sound of a word and its spelling.








Contrastive Analysis - English vs. Spanish
CONTEXT
SIMILARITIES - GRAMMAR

*The structure of the sentences*
- The basic structure of the sentences is the same -

EX) S + V + O
English : I + like + my friends.
Spanish : Me + gustan + mis amigos.

DIFFERENCES - GRAMMAR
1. Different articles
- Spanish distinct between feminine and masculine article, singular and plural -

EX) Article
English -> 'the'/'a'
Spanish -> masculine singular 'el'
masculine plural 'los'
feminine singular 'la'
feminine plural 'las'
neutral article 'lo'
DIFFERENCES - GRAMMAR
2. Various verbs
- Spanish has various verbs than English -
( ir / er / ar )

EX) Verb 'eat(comer)'
English : eat(I/You/We), eats(He/She/It)
Spanish : como(I), comes(You), come(He/She/It),
comemos(We) comen(They)
CONCLUSION
1. There are some similarities and
differences between English and
Spanish.
2. Therefore teachers should aware
of it to know students' problem
and needs.

1. GRAMMAR

2. VOCABULARY

3. PHONOLOGY

DIFFERENCES - VOCAB
*molest (English) / molestar (Spanish)

In English : "to bother" (almost always sexual connotation included)
In Spanish : "to bother" (sexual connotation excluded)
SIMIRARITIES - VOCAB
1. Same root: Latin
2. They share some words (information, police etc)

EX) English : I like the information.
Spanish : Me gusta el informacion.
DIFFERENCES - PHONOLOGY
2. Spanish has 5 pure vowels and 5 diphthongs while English has 12 pure vowel sounds and 8 diphthongs.
SIMILARITIES & DIFFERENCES - PHONOLOGY
DIFFERENCES - PHONOLOGY
3. Spanish is considered as a syllable-timed language while English is a stress-timed language.

EX)
English : Don is happy.
Don could have been happy. -> same time
Spanish : Mi gato es azul.
Su gato es bastante. -> different time
DIFFERENCES - GRAMMAR
3. Position of the adjective.
- In Enlgish, the adjective comes
before
the noun.
-In Spanish, the adjective
comes
after the noun.

EX) English : The blue ball
Spanish : La bola azul
(The) (Ball) (Blue)
DIFFERENCES - PHONOLOGY
1. Spanish has some consonants that are not exist in
English

(1) "H" -> silent
(2) "J" -> /H/ sound ( Jose pronounced as /hose/ in Spanish)
(3) "LL (double "L")" -> /Y/ sound (Ella pronounced /eya/)
(4) "R" -> Rolling /r/ sound
(5) *ñ -> It sounds /ny/. Ex) Español
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