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Parts of Speech
Transcript of Parts of Speech
Examples: Boy, book, school, thought. Nouns Verbs Link subject to predicate or help another verb.
Examples: am, is, are, was, can, shall, will, could, should. Linking/Helping Verbs Action verbs describe an action
such as walk, run, ride, carry, etc. Action Verbs Adjectives describe nouns. They answer the following questions: What kind? How many? What color? Which one?
Examples: pretty, special, spooky, silly Adjectives Articles are a special type
of adjective. There are only three
of them: the, a, an. Articles Adverbs modify verbs, another adverb or adjective. Answers how, when or where. Adverbs Slowly, swiftly, very, backward, tomorrow, here, softly, often. Examples: Takes the place of a noun. Examples: I, we, me, us, mine, your, yours, you, he, she, her, it, its, their. Pronouns Connective word that joins a group of words to the rest of a sentence. Examples: of, to, under, over, beneath, by, before, under, and many more. Prepositions Connecting words that join words, groups or sentences. Conjunctions for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so FANBOYS: A verbal is a word formed from a verb but functioning as a different part of speech such as a subject or predicate. Verbals A gerund is an "ing" verb that functions as a noun. The phrase is the gerund plus its compliments and modifiers.
WALKING IN THE MOONLIGHT is a romantic way to end a date. (Subject)
He particularly enjoyed WALKING IN THE
MOONLIGHT. (Direct object)
Gerund Phrase A verbal that functions as an adjective. A participle is a verb form (past or present) that functions like an adjective. The phrase is the participle plus its modifiers.
BLINDED BY THE LIGHT, Sarah walked into the concert hall
SWIMMING FOR HIS LIFE, John crossed the channel. Participial Phrase Consists of the word "to" plus a verb. These can functions as adjectives, adverbs, or nouns.
TO DANCE GRACEFULLY is my ambition. Infinitive Phrase