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Don't make a disaster a 'disaster'

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James Dunn

on 13 March 2013

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Transcript of Don't make a disaster a 'disaster'

New Orleans, August 29th 2005: Hurricane Katrina, a category 5 storm, hits South Eastern U.S coast, devastating much of communities on the Gulf Coast DONT MAKE A DISASTER INTO A 'DISASTER' Tsunami hits Sri Lanka 26th December 2004 2 Weeks The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) immediately established the National Disaster Management Centre (NDMC) website.
Regional governments in effected areas met to discuss the needs of the effected communities. Inhabitants of the Island employed to help construct temporary shelter, clear tsunami debris and generally work on the recovery of Sri Lanka. 24 Hours First prototype transitional shelter is completed. 3 Weeks 3 months Japanese Tsunami timeline Tsunami hits Eastern Japan British Red Cross arrives and starts collaborating with the Japanese red cross . 24hours
power restored within
1 week
3 months 1 week before 24 hours Sandy hits U.S Northeastern coast 29th October 2012 48hours 100days 30days First delivery of Shelter materials arrive in Sri Lanka.
Sri Lankan Government launches "rebuilding Sri Lanka" scheme. 7 Months All shelters complete (700,000)
Work begins on tsunami defense systems.
Permanent homes beginning to be rebuilt. 9 Months Regeneration project completion 11th March 2011 •The U.S. death toll caused by Sandy rose to 48, many of the victims killed by falling trees, and rescue work continued.
•The storm cut power to more than 8.2 million across the East and put the presidential campaign on hold just one week before Election Day.
•New York was among the hardest hit, with its financial heart closed for two days.
•Sent a record of nearly 14-foot surge of seawater coursing over Lower Manhattan's seawalls and highways and into low-lying streets. This caused the NYC subway to be flooded for 5 days.
•Airlines canceled more than 15,000 flights (New York City's three major airports remained closed)
•Sandy will end up causing about $20 billion in property damage and $10 billion to $30 billion more in lost business, making it one of the costliest natural disasters on record in the U.S.
• Areas affected: Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts, Maine, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Vermont Sandy classified as tropical storm by the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Federal contribution to help New Yorkers

$8.2 million grants for behavioral health support

Distribution of food to affected households Federal aid from FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency )
reaches areas badly effected by Sandy Individual and household assistance

donations for home repairs or for places to rent

FEMA donate to assist the recovery of state and local
governments. 54 Days Governor Andrew M. Cuomo announced a Public Assistant Grant from the FEMA February 19th
2013 Voluntary agencies involved in recovery 200 housing inspections completed Individuals can register with FEMA online at www.DisasterAssistance.gov
- 48-72 hours 3 weeks Hurricane Katrina Timeline Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast of the United States August 29
2005 $10.5 billion relief package
7,200 active-duty troops to assist with relief efforts Illinois police officers on loan to Louisiana were sent out with flat bottomed boats to rescue hundreds of people that have perished in the hurricane. 24 hours residents allowed back into the city, however they were then ordered to evacuate again due to Hurricane Rita.
the levees and pumping systems in a weakened state, which brought flooding back to areas that have begun to dry out. 3 weeks National Guard relief efforts arrive to help in the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita 4 weeks Roughly 1 million have applied for hurricane-related federal aid
30,000 are in out-of-state shelters
6,400 are in state shelters 5 weeks 2 weeks 6 months 1 year Northeast Japan, 11th March 2011: An 8.9 magnitude earthquake started a devastating tsunami that effected a huge portion of Japan's northeastern sea board. Bay of Bengal, 26th December 2004: A 9.2 magnitude earthquake, 31miles off the coast of Sumatra triggered a tsunami that devastated numerous South East Asian countries Hurricane Sandy, New York timeline Sri Lanka Disaster timeline 7 Months 1 Year FEMA hotel deadline for Hurricane Katrina evacuees arrives.
Thousands of Katrina victims are still living in FEMA trailers
Ninth Ward remain choked with debris.
Schools, public transportation and utilities have yet to resume anything like full service.
Shelter and housing, and debris removal strategies put in place by FEMA Were the residents of New Orleans and New York made victims of the disaster rather than being empowered to recover from it? President Obama tells FEMA to continue with the FEMA aid. 1 Month What factors enable a country and its populates to cope with a natural disaster? Sri Lankans go back to normal jobs
Communities begin to diversify their sources of income. Were the citizens aiding themselves? Should the citizens just sit back and watch? How is this empowering the citizens? Are the citizens repairing their own homes? Is FEMA doing the right thing letting the citizens watch the help instead of aiding themselves? International support has been offered
2,000 evacuation centers established New York, 29th October 2012: Hurricane Sandy makes landfall on the U.S East Coast, bringing winds of up to 80miles per hour with it. Were the citizens aiding themselves? Should the citizens just sit back and watch? How is this empowering the citizens? Is FEMA doing the right thing letting the citizens watch the help instead of aiding themselves? New Earthquake hits Japan however due to efficient evacuation there were no further problems

Improvement of wave barriers

Disposal of contaminated water.

People started to go back to their communities cleaning up Japanese aid groups support the elderly and people with disabilities as well as people living on remote islands
Kick-start the fishing industry.
Schools open and return to service Met three-month goals, including installing systems that remove radioactive substances from the polluted water
Successfully established a circulation system for cooling water 1 year What factors enabled Sri Lanka's coastal communities to deal with the disaster? How Japan's coastal communities are enabled to deal with disasters now How is this empowering the citizens? Were the citizens aiding themselves? How were they prepared? How were they enabled? The lessons we can learn in the way both Japan and Sri Lanka enabled their people
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