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STRESS

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em g

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of STRESS

COPING
A normal physical response to events that change the balance of your body in any way.
A
stress response
(AKA fight or flight): is how your body reacts when you sense danger.
When working properly, can help you stay focused, alert and in emergency situations, can help save your life.

BODY
BODY
Symptoms
Symptoms
What is Stress?
CAUSES
DISEASE
Symptoms of Stress
Cognitive Symptoms:
Memory problems
Inability to concentrate
Poor judgement
Seeing negative
Anxious thoughts
Constant worrying
Emotional Symptoms:
Moody
Short temper
Agitated
Overwhelmed
Sense of isolation
Depressed

Behavioral Symptoms:
Eating more/less
Alcohol/drug use to relax
Sleeping too much
Sleeping too little
Procrastination
Nervous habits
Acute Stress:

Short lived stress, can be beneficial or motivational. Does include rest and relaxation.
COPING
The 4 A's to Cope with Stress
Change stressful situations when you can, change your reaction when you can't, take care of yourself and make time for rest and relaxation.
Avoid
Alter
http://theasideblog.blogspot.ca/2013/04/stressed-out-students-rethinking-pace.html
Managing Stress
Addressing the source of stress, realize a majority of stress comes from within us.
- This level of understanding will help us conquer and deal with our issues.
Internal stressor; comes from our own negative response, need to change attitude and outlook.
External stressor; our surroundings, such as family problems or career set backs. Can be managed overtime and requires support from friends and family.

Obtain Relaxation Skills
Maintain a healthy lifestyle
Set realistic goals
Nurture yourself
Keep dreaming (visualization)
Talk about troubles
Medication (Rescue Remedy)
COPING
CAUSES
Chronic Stress:

Long term stress, unresolved issues or traumatic incidents. Commonly leads to health issues. Can occur due to everyday stress that is ignored/poorly managed.
Types of Stress:
- Health problems
- Relationship
problems
- Stress of family
- Extreme life changes
Adapt
- Emotional battles
Accept
- Beliefs and Values Trouble
Causes of Stress:
CAUSES
Personal Issues
Causes of Stress:
Social & Work Place Issues
- Employment / Unemployment
- Living conditions
- Social conflict
Stress
Affecting Students
How the Body Reacts to Stress
How to Cope with Stress
Hormones
Sympathetic Nervous
System in Action
Nibble on Chocolate
Eating dark chocolate can help reduce levels of hormones associated with stress, especially for those with high anxiety.
Go easy, though: eating too much can pack on the pounds and that can lead to more stress.
Coconut Scent
The scent of coconut may blunt your natural “fight or flight” response, slowing your heart rate.
Inhaling a pleasant scent enhances alertness while soothing our response to stress.
Help Yourself :)
Exercise
Sniff an Apple
May help alleviate headaches, according to preliminary research.
In one small study, people with chronic migraines reported some pain relief after inhaling green-apple fragrance at the start of a headache.
Close your eyes and breath...

Too much stress causes damage to health, mood, productivity, relationships, and quality of life.
-
Cortisol
is an important hormone to the body, is secreted (used) when the body is under stress and is released by adrenal glands.

- Found in blood in stressful situations, however this is not the only use of cortisol. It is also a part of the flight or fight response.

- Small doses of cortisol provide positive results:
1.increased immunity 2. heightened memory
3. maintain homeostasis 4. survival purpose

- However in great doses, this can have negative impacts.
Stress alters immune system function, influences susceptibility and increases the severity of mental and physical diseases.
Hormones
Hormones Affected by Stress
Cortisol
Exercise
Coping
Coping
Coping

Focusing more on the movements of your body through exercise can help keep your mind away from other stressors that may be affecting your mood.
Regular exercise can increase self confidence and lower the symptoms associated with mild depression and anxiety.
It can also improve your sleep, something usually disrupted during stress.
Best exercises to relieve stress are running, weight lifting or playing a team sport like basketball.
Anything that increases your activity level and heart rate will help relieve stress.
References
Mayo Clinic Staff (1998) Depression and Anxiety: Exercise eases symptoms. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/in depth/depression-and exercise/art 20046495 [Last Accessed 14/01/2014]
Melinda Smith, Robert Segal, Jeanne Segal. Stress Symptoms, Signs, and Causes. [ONLINE] Available at http://www.helpguide.org/mental/stress_signs.htm [Last Accessed 11/01/2014]
National Health Ministries (2004). Stress & The College Student. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.uic.edu/depts/wellctr/docs/Stress. [Last Accessed 14/01/2014]
Stress Management Health Center. [ONLINE] Available at; http://www.webmd.com/balance/stress-management/stress-symptoms-effects_of-stress-on-the-body [Last Accessed 12/01/2014].
Homeostasis
Flight or Fight
Perceived
Threat
x
Return to Homeostasis
Chronic Stress
Exhaustion
The body always tries to maintain a state of balance (homeostasis) so when stress pushes the hormones out of balance it can affect other hormones in the endocrine chain. This might include:

Thyroid function being suppressed
Insulin being over produced
Ovarian function being suppressed
Production of estrogen and progesterone inhibited
And many other key hormones being affected
Any type of physical activity helps in the production of your brain's "feel good" neurotransmitters, called endorphins.
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