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Quarter English 9 Prezi, October 8-9, Rise Discussion/Debate, Courtroom Overview (Honors only), Thesis Overview (All others)

Overview of courtroom structure and procedures (honors), Overview of Introduction/ Thesis (All others) Emphasis: Argument Appeals in Opening and Closing Arguments.

samuel cook

on 5 March 2013

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Transcript of Quarter English 9 Prezi, October 8-9, Rise Discussion/Debate, Courtroom Overview (Honors only), Thesis Overview (All others)

Warmup Homework Warning: Homework is on Edmodo and can only be submitted over Edmodo! Find an Amendment from the U.S. Constitution that deals with giving rights to people. Summarize that what rights the amendment is giving. Attach a link to where you found the information. Day 13 Watch the video and explain which woman destroys her ETHOS and how she destroys it. What does the jury do in a trial? A: They decide the verdict of the case. The verdict is the outcome, whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty. What does the audience do in a trial? A: Sit there and shut up, that's what. The audience does nothing, and is supposed to say nothing. The audience is typically made up family and friends, although some court cases are open to the public. This is what the audience should NOT do. Who is on the defense in a trial? A: The person accused of a crime or being sued by someone else. This person is represented by a defense attorney. It's the job of the defense attorney and the defendant establish and maintain strong Ethos. The defense does not have to prove complete innocence, they simply have to prove what is called reasonable doubt. This is the idea that there isn't enough evidence or cause to prove that the defendant commited the crime or caused any harm to his/her accuser. This is how you ruin your ETHOS as a defendant. Who's on the prosecution side? A: The accuser (plaintiff) and the accuser's attorney (prosecution). The person accusing the defedant of a crime or of a wrong-doing that needs justice. How does the defense try to establish strong ethos here to prove the defendant innocent? It is the job of the prosecution to prove the defendant guilty of the charges. However, the prosecution must primarily convince the jury that the defendant is guilty. Much of this includes destroying the ethos, or credibility, of the defendant by making him or her look bad, as well as using facts (logos), evidence(logos) and witnesses(logos) to hurt the defendant's credibility(ethos). Pathos appeals to the jury works wonders here as well. What does the prosecuting attorney do here to destroy the ETHOS of the defendant? Who are the witnesses? A: Witnesses are people called by both the proseucution and defense to help support the claims of either side. When the witnesses are called by either side, this is called "examination." When the opposing side gets to examine the witness, this is called "cross-examination." The point of "cross-examination" is to use the opposing side's witnesses against them. This can be done in one of two ways.
1) Discredit the witness by destroying his/her ethos
2) Tricking the witness into saying something negative about the person they are supposed to be supporting. Name one person from the movie who would be a good witness to prove the credibility (ethos) of the Humans.

Name one person from he movie who would be a good witness to prove the credibility (ethos) of the Apes. What does the judge do? A: Ensures that order and procedures are followed in the court room, and delivers the sentence after the jury finds either the defendant either guilty or innocent. How does he defendant ruin/destroy her ETHOS? How does the defendant destroy her own ETHOS?
How does the defendant try to destroy the ETHOS of the accuser (plaintiff)? Warmup Ethos Pathos Logos Persuasion! Authority/Reputation Emotional Factual The character of the speaker. Homework Warning: Homework is on Edmodo and can only be submitted over Edmodo! an appeal to the audiences’ emotions. an appeal to logic and reasoning. Fallacy an error in reasoning that renders an argument logically invalid Attacking an opponent's character rather than answering his argument. Ad Hominem fallacy (personal attack fallacy): Ad Populum fallacy
(popular opinion fallacy):
Arguing that something is true because many or all people believe it. The idea that repeating the same argument makes it true. Ad Nauseum fallacy
(repetition fallacy): What's the ad populum fallacy made here? Nature fallacy The fallacy of arguing that whatever is natural is good and whatever is not natural is bad. What is the "nature" fallacy being made in this advertisement? Ad Antiquitatum Tu quoque (The "You too!" fallacy) A fallacy where someone states that the other person or someone else did it as well. A fallacy where someone argues that something is right because it’s always been done that way. (The Tradition Fallacy) What is the ad antiquitatum fallacy made here? What is the tu quoque fallacy made in this advertisement? Slippery Slope fallacy The fallacy where the speaker tries to warn that something worse will result from an action without showing a logical relationship. It's a slippery slope! What is the slippery slope argument made in each of these videos? fallacy where the speaker tries to claim something is true or must be done because the situation is sad or deserving of pity. Ad misericordium fallacy:
(Appeal to pity) Indentify and explain the Ad Misericordium fallacy in the advertisement. In Terrorum
(appeal to fear) Attempting to gain agreement by trying to scare someone, either physically, emotionally or spiritually. What is the In Terrorum fallacy made in each of the videos? Find an Amendment from the U.S. Constitution that deals with giving rights to people. Summarize that what rights the amendment is giving. Attach a link to where you found the information. Watch the court scene from the video clip.
Identify how the speaker ruins his Ethos. Slippery Slope Fallacy Day 14 Opening Arguments Courtroom roles of the Attorney Examination and Cross Examination Closing Arguments Closing arguments summarize the main points of the case, and finalize the opinions of either side. The closing arguments are where the attorneys from both sides review the facts as they were presented, address any issues with the opposing side, and try to work the emotions (pathos) of the jury. How does this lawyer use logos arguments to ruin the man's ethos to prove that he was NOT the killer? Explain how this lawyer uses logos and pathos arguments ruin the witness's ethos to the witness was the killer. Cross examination/Examination is where the attorneys from both sides attempt to use the witness testimonies to help prove facts that were presented, or to help prove that their client has good character. Cross examination is there for the opposing sides to destroy the ethos of the witnesses. Opening arguments introduce the issue. The lawyers for both sides lay out the issues of the case, explain what they intend on proving, and elaborate on what they expect people to understand after hearing the facts. How do these lawyers introduce the case and make an opinion? Explain how these lawyers use PATHOS to try to persuade the jury to vote in favor of their clients. Explain how this lawyer uses pathos to try to persuade the jury to vote in favor of his client. Who has shown they are more deserving of inheriting the planet, humans or apes? Rules 1. One person may speak at a time. 4. Use what you know about ethos, pathos, logos and fallacies to make good arguments and argue against bad ones. 3. Respond to the person who you agree with or disagree with. 2. Do not raise your hand. 1) What did these students do to show each other respect while in discussion?
2) What did they do to prove their points?
3) What did they do when they agreed with someone?
4) What did they do when they disagreed with someone?
5) Were you able to determine what the discussion was about? Writing and Discussion Write silently on the following question for 10 minutes. Make the best argument that you can, and incorporate examples from the movie in your reasons. Socratic Seminar Analysis of the Argument Using your marker, go around the room and write one example of ETHOS, PATHOS and LOGOS arguments/examples you would give for both the humans and the apes when explaining why one or the other is more deserving of being the dominant species on the planet. Beginning your Argument Paper: The Intro. Thesis Introduction The beginning section of any essay is known as the "Introduction." What does it mean to introduce something? Parts: Hook Background An interesting fact or statement related to the topic that draws the reader's attention. Write 1-2 sentences about the subject of our essay that would make someone interested in reading about it. An explanation of what happened to help the reader understand the topic. Write 3-4 sentences about the story. Remember: you are writing as if this has REALLY HAPPENED. This is your opinion on the topic. This is where you explain what you believe about the topic and the reason or reasons why you believe it. WHAT YOU WRITE HERE IS WHAT YOU'RE GOING TO BE PROVING FOR THE ENTIRE REST OF THE ESSAY. Write 1-2 sentences explaining your position on the issue now. Make sure you have at least 2-3 reasons in your opinion. The Court Brief: Basics Section 1: Title
The case number
The name of the defendant or accuser
Date of the court case Section 2: Subject
The legal issue that is being addressed Section 3: Question
The dilemma or moral issue that is being debated. Section 4: Table of Authorities
All material used to support the arguments (Constitutional amendments, previous court cases, etc.) Section 5 : Statement of the Facts
Retelling of the facts from the client's point of view. Section 6: Argument
Should be written like a persuasive essay, explaining why the accuser or defendant's case is correct or superior. Section 7: Conclusion
Summarizes their argument and specifically states the result desired.
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