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Sentence Structure

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by

Umair Umair

on 14 March 2016

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Transcript of Sentence Structure

What is a sentence?
Interrogative Sentences
Imperative sentences
issues command or a request
or
express desire or a wish
Exclamatory sentences
Uses strong emotions
Declarative Sentences
making a statement or declaring something
Examples
Today is a sunny day.
Akram plays football.
Aslam returned from the market.
Examples
Meet me at the cafeteria
Please accept my apology.
Please leave.
Get out!
group of words which:
Sentence Types
Declarative
Interrogative
Imperative
Exclamatory
These sentences always ask a question.
Ends always with a question mark
Examples
Do you want coke or pepsi?
What time is it?
When will this end?
What is your name?
How do you do?
adding '!' increases the strength of emotions
Always ends with an exclamtion mark
Examples
This is the best day of my life!
Please don't go!
Oh, my goodness, I won!
Basic elements of every sentence
Subject
Predicate
Akram
plays football
sentence = subject + predicate
Subject and it's types
subject tells
WHO
or
WHAT
is the sentence is about
Akram is my friend.
Who
is the sentence about?
AKRAM
This book is heavy.
WHAT
is the sentence about?
THIS BOOK
Simple subject
its a noun or a pronoun
sentences having one noun or a pronoun
Akram is going to the market
only 1 noun
Compound subject
sentences having two or more simple subjects
usually joined by and / or
Akram and Aslam are going to the market
2 subjects
Complete subject
either a simple or a complete subject but with a
modifier
Akram and his
little brother
Aslam are going to the market.
Akram returned the
broken
toy to the market.
adds more detail to the text
Predicate and it's types
the completer of the sentence
OR
the part of the sentence other than the subject
usually consists of a verb
Simple predicate
Compound predicate
Complete predicate
Simple predicate
just one verb or verb phrase
the subject performing only
one
action or thing
Aslam went to the market
Aslam bought from the market
Compound predicate
two or more verb or verb phrases
tells us two (or more) things about the same subject
He
lives
in Pakistan and
speaks
Urdu.
Aslam
went
to the market and
bought
some things.
Complete Predicate
either a simple or a compound predicate but with a
modifier
He lives in Pakistan and speaks urdu
fluently
.
The cheetah ran
swiftly
.
Order of sentence
Normal order
Subject first, Predicate after
Inverted order
Predicate first, Subject after
Sentence types
Simple
Compound
Complex
Compound-Complex
What is a clause?
A group of words with a subject and a verb
may or may not have a
complete thought
so when will a clause have a complete thought??
Thats right, if it's independent!
Independent Clause
Sentence which gives a meaning and can stand alone
Subject
Verb
Complete thought
Dependent clause
Sentence which does not give a meaning and can not stand alone
Simple
Compound
1 independent clause
2 or more independent clauses
joined by
coordinating conjunctions
I went to the cafeteria
I went to the cafeteria
but
forgot my wallet.
Coordinating conjunctions
FOR
AND
NOR
BUT
OR
YET
SO
Complex sentences
Simple and Compound sentences
1 independent clause + 1 dependent clause (at least)
When I go to home from college, I like to play video games.
Dependent
Independent
Compound-Complex sentence
2 independent clauses (at least) + 1 dependent clause (at least)
Akram sat in his chair, which was a dark red recliner, and he read all evening.
Sentence and it's types
Subjects and Predicates
Sentence Structure
Clause???
has a subject and predicate
is grammatically correct
gives a complete thought
Simple subject
Compound subject
Complete subject
Full transcript