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The Animal Kingdom
Transcript of The Animal Kingdom
All of the parts of cells are called Organelles. The most important organelle is the nucleus. The nucleus is responsible for storing DNA, coordinating growth, metabolism, protein synthesis, and reproduction. Everything is powered by the mitochondria, which converts oxygen and nutrients into energy. The intermediate filaments maintain the cell’s shape and rigidity, the Lysomes help with digestion, the Golgi Apparatus distributes the cell’s chemical products and prepares them for export outside of the cell, while the plasma membranes encase all of the cell’s contents.
The Animal Kingdom
This kingdom is called the Animalia Kingdom. The term animalia comes from the latin roots animale, animalis and anime which mean soul, spirit. The definition of animalia is taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct animals.
With over two million known species, the Animalia Kingdom is the largest kingdom known.
In the year 1758, Carolus Linnaeus identified the Animalia and Plantae Kingdoms. He divided the animals into six different classes to determine where they went.
Also, fossils can show us that animals species have been on earth for about 1.2 billion years.
Characteristics of Life
The offspring has two parents (male and female) and inherits half of their genes and DNA from each parent.
The offspring has only one parent (female) and inherits all their genes and DNA from their mother. The offspring is only female.
Animals get their nutrition from plants, flesh, or both. There are three types of consumers- herbivore, carnivore, and omnivore. An herbivore eats only plants and gets their energy from the sugar in the plants they eat. A carnivore eats other animals and gets their energy from the flesh of others. An omnivore eats both other animals and plants to gain energy.
Other Characteristics of Life
Cells: all animals are multi-cellular (have many cells).
Growth: all animals have a growth cycle and move in some point of their life.
Environment/Stimuli: animals respond to their environment because of their nerve cells and tissue.
Examples of Animal Classification
Birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates are basic classifications of animals. For example:
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Frankel, Josh. "Introduction to the Vertebrates." UCMP. UCMP, n.d. Web. 19 Dec 2013. <http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/vertebrates/vertintro.html>.
Jackson, Tom. The Complete Book of Animals. New York: Anness Publishing Ltd., 2004. Print.
Muskopf , Shannan. "The Animal Kingdom." The Biology Corner. biologycorner.com. Web. 4 Jan 2014.
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O'Neil, Dennis. "Classes of Vertebrates." Anthro Palomar. N.p., n.d. Web 19 Dec 2013. <http://anthro.palomar.edu/animal/animal_4.htm>.
R, N.. “Defining Characteristics.” “The Animal Kingdom.” N.p.. Web. 2 Jan 2014. <http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/biology/animal.html>.
"The Vertebral and Spinal Column." Emory Anatomy. Emory. Web. 19 Dec 2013. <http://www.emory.edu/ANATOMY/AnatomyManual/back.html>.
"The Animal Kingdom - Vertebrates and Invertebrates." Kidport. Kidport. Web. 7 Jan 2014. <http://www.kidport.com/reflib/science/animals/animal
"Is their a place were invertebrates cant be found." Answers. Answers corporations. Web. 7 Jan 2014.
There are two main subdivisions; vertebrate and invertebrate. The vertebrate subdivisions can be broken down into seven smaller divisions. Agnatha, Chordrichthyes, Osteichthyes, Amphibia, Reptillia, Aves, and Mammalia. What differentiates vertebrates from invertebrates is that they have internal skeletons while invertebrates have exoskeletons or no skeleton at all.
There are 8 types of Invertebrates
There are protozoa which are single celled they are the smallest animals of all Echinoderms such as starfish they live in marine environments Annelids such as earth worm’s annelids bodies are divided into segments and they don’t have limbs Mollusks such as octopuses were the first to occupy earth Arthropods such as crabs and insects they make up 75% of the earth’s population with species such as crustaceans insects and arachnids. Invertebrates are found every were from deep ocean to high snowy mountaintops. There are many types of invertebrates each and every one adapts differently.