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Shakespeare Background & Hamlet

British Literature, 11th Grade

Mandy Sigulinsky

on 1 December 2011

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Transcript of Shakespeare Background & Hamlet

William Shakespeare
Who is
William Shakespeare?
Tragedy of Revenge
action is typically centered upon a leading character's attempt to avenge the murder of a loved one
involves complex intrigues and disguises, and usually some exploration of the morality of revenge
Setting of Play:
Royal Castle of Elsinore
Time of Play:
Figures of Speech
Metaphors :
Comparisons where one idea
suggests another idea
Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
*Hamlet's uncle
*Succeeded his brother to the
*married his brother's wife,
Hamlet's mother, named
*villain of the piece
Major Themes in Hamlet:

Claudius' chief advisor, Father to Laertes & Ophelia

Son of Polonius, Reckless and cynical. Enemy of Hamlet.
Daughter of Polonius, loves Hamlet

A Commoner who is a fellow student and loyal friend to Hamlet.
Rosencrantz & Guildenstern:
childhood friends of Hamlet
Prince of Norway, only appears a few times in the play, however, his name is mentioned frequently and parallels Hamlet in many ways
King Claudius' messenger
Voltimand & Cornelius:
Danish courtiers who are sent to the Court of Norway

Marcellus & Bernardo:
Danish officers on guard at the castle of Elsinore

Danish soldier on guard duty at the castle of Elsinore

Young man who Polonius instructs and sends to Paris to observe and report on Laertes'

Two clowns who dig a grave, use their great wit & intellect to get the best of upper class individuals
Once he mastered this, which occurred before writing Hamlet, he interrupted and varied the flow of poetic verses.
A type of poetry distinguished by
having a regular meter
but no rhyme

The particular rhythm that the words establish in that line. The rhythm is measured in small groups of syllables; these small groups of syllables are called "feet".

The word "iambic" describes the type of foot that is used (in English, an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable).

The word "pentameter" indicates that a line has five of these "feet".
An example of metaphors
and similes by 8th graders...
Trailer of Hamlet (1990)
Built in 1599 by Shakespeare's play company
London, England
The open-air, octagonal amphitheater rose three stories high
Shakespeare's performing company, Lord Chamberlain's Men, performed many of Shakespeare's plays here.
"To be or not to be..."
Globe Theatre
Type of work:
Written by?
metaphors, similes, irony
Action takes place over several months in a series of five Acts, with multiple scenes per act.
Comparisons using "like"
or "as"
Use of words to express
a meaning opposite to the
literal meaning
3 types of irony
* Revenge
* Sin
* Betrayal
* Disease
*Corruption of youth
* Political Fighting
* Perversion of Love
Play Acting
I'm solo...I'm solo
the act of speaking while alone, especially when used as a theatrical device that allows a character's thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience
Most famous Shakespearean line comes from a soliloquy!
Soliloquy, Act 3 Scene 1..
Shakespeare's standard poetic form of Hamlet was:
blank verse, composed in iambic pentameter
Blank Verse:
Iambic pentameter:
an unstressed syllable
followed by
a stressed syllable
Iambic Pentameter Bits of Info!
Son of the dead King Hamlet
nephew to the present ruler of Denmark
he has returned to Elsinore because of his
father's death
Mel as Hamlet!
Claudius, King of Denmark
*Queen of Denmark
*Mother of Hamlet
*Marries her deceased husband's
brother shortly after her husband
Honorable Mentions:
Honorable Mentions (cont.)
Full transcript