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Shakespeare Background & Hamlet

British Literature, 11th Grade
by

Mandy Sigulinsky

on 1 December 2011

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Transcript of Shakespeare Background & Hamlet

Hamlet
William Shakespeare
1591-1601
Who is
William Shakespeare?
Tragedy of Revenge
action is typically centered upon a leading character's attempt to avenge the murder of a loved one
involves complex intrigues and disguises, and usually some exploration of the morality of revenge
Setting of Play:
Royal Castle of Elsinore
Denmark
Time of Play:
Figures of Speech
Metaphors :
Comparisons where one idea
suggests another idea
Similes:
Irony:
Soliloquy
Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
*Hamlet's uncle
*Succeeded his brother to the
throne
*married his brother's wife,
Hamlet's mother, named
Gertrude
*villain of the piece
Major Themes in Hamlet:
Symbols:

Polonius:
Claudius' chief advisor, Father to Laertes & Ophelia
Laertes:

Son of Polonius, Reckless and cynical. Enemy of Hamlet.
Ophelia:
Daughter of Polonius, loves Hamlet


Horatio:
A Commoner who is a fellow student and loyal friend to Hamlet.
Rosencrantz & Guildenstern:
childhood friends of Hamlet
Fortinbras:
Prince of Norway, only appears a few times in the play, however, his name is mentioned frequently and parallels Hamlet in many ways
Osric:
King Claudius' messenger
Voltimand & Cornelius:
Danish courtiers who are sent to the Court of Norway

Marcellus & Bernardo:
Danish officers on guard at the castle of Elsinore

Francisco:
Danish soldier on guard duty at the castle of Elsinore

Reynaldo:
Young man who Polonius instructs and sends to Paris to observe and report on Laertes'

Gravediggers:
Two clowns who dig a grave, use their great wit & intellect to get the best of upper class individuals
Once he mastered this, which occurred before writing Hamlet, he interrupted and varied the flow of poetic verses.
A type of poetry distinguished by
having a regular meter
but no rhyme


The particular rhythm that the words establish in that line. The rhythm is measured in small groups of syllables; these small groups of syllables are called "feet".

The word "iambic" describes the type of foot that is used (in English, an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable).

The word "pentameter" indicates that a line has five of these "feet".
An example of metaphors
and similes by 8th graders...
Trailer of Hamlet (1990)
Built in 1599 by Shakespeare's play company
London, England
The open-air, octagonal amphitheater rose three stories high
Shakespeare's performing company, Lord Chamberlain's Men, performed many of Shakespeare's plays here.
"To be or not to be..."
Globe Theatre
Type of work:
Written by?
metaphors, similes, irony
Action takes place over several months in a series of five Acts, with multiple scenes per act.
Comparisons using "like"
or "as"
Use of words to express
a meaning opposite to the
literal meaning
3 types of irony
* Revenge
* Sin
* Betrayal
* Disease
*Corruption of youth
* Political Fighting
* Perversion of Love
Spying
Poison
Masks
Play Acting
I'm solo...I'm solo
the act of speaking while alone, especially when used as a theatrical device that allows a character's thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience
Example?
Most famous Shakespearean line comes from a soliloquy!
Soliloquy, Act 3 Scene 1..
Shakespeare's standard poetic form of Hamlet was:
blank verse, composed in iambic pentameter
Blank Verse:
Iambic pentameter:
//
an unstressed syllable
followed by
a stressed syllable
Iambic Pentameter Bits of Info!
Characters:
Son of the dead King Hamlet
nephew to the present ruler of Denmark
he has returned to Elsinore because of his
father's death
Mel as Hamlet!
Claudius, King of Denmark
*Queen of Denmark
*Mother of Hamlet
*Marries her deceased husband's
brother shortly after her husband
died.
Gertrude:
Honorable Mentions:
Honorable Mentions (cont.)
Full transcript