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Elements and Principles of Design

Art Fundamentals
by

Miss McDowell

on 28 September 2015

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Transcript of Elements and Principles of Design

Elements of Art
and Principles of Design
Elements of ART
Basic components artists use to
create works of visual art. The elements are line, shape, form, value, texture, space, and color
.

two points connecting in space
SHAPE
form
Is three dimensional and encloses
space. Form has length, width,
and also depth.
VALUE
TEXTURE
space

defines the open areas between, around, or below an object. positive space is filled by a shape or form. Negative space is the open areas around or within a shape or form.
COLOR
a color has hue(color name), intensity (strength), and value (lightness or darkness).

Ways artists organize the elements of art in works of visual art. They are:
balance, pattern, rhythm, emphasis, variety, movement, scale and proportion, unity, and contrast.
BALANCE
The equal distribution of force or weight among
visual units.
Common types are
symmetrical, asymmetrical,
and radial.
Giving importance, focus or prominence to a part of a design.
Emphasis
Variety
the use of several elements of design to move the viewer's eye around an artwork. You can have variety by using several sizes, colors, textures, shapes and more.
Movement
combining visual elements to move the viewer's eye through an artwork or create a sense of action
Rhythm
Combining elements through
repetition, alteration, or
progression to create movement in an artwork.
Scale/Proportion
Unity
How the elements and principles
work together to create a sense of
oneness or wholeness in a work of
art.
Pattern
The relative lightness or darkness of a surface
Refers to how a
surface feels
or looks like it feels
Created when there is a system of
repetition
of any
visual element
Unity
How the elements and principles
work together to create a sense of oneness or wholeness in a work of art.
LINE
Types of line:
Structural
Outline
Contour
Gesture
sketch
Calligraphy


An enclosed area determined
by line, value, texture, space,
or any combination of these elements. a shape is 2D or flat
2 dimensions: length and width.
REALISTIC
EXAGGERATION
HIERARCHICAL
Radial
Symmetrical
Asymmetrical
What is the focal point
in these artworks and
how does the artist
create emphasis?
How to create emphasis in an artwork:

Scale and Proportion

Contrast in colors, values, texture, and more.

Focal Point centered

Diego Rivera - "Liberation of the Peon", 1931
Ansel Adams, LA Freeway, (2009)
Photograph
Gustave Caillebotte,
Le Pont de l'Europe (1876)
oil on canvas
Joan Miro, 'Femmes et oiseau dans la nuit' (1947), oil on canvas
Beth Cavener Stichter, Premonition, (1999) Stoneware with engobes,
saggar fired with copper wire flashing
Gail Markiewicz, Extra Large Teapot
Lucian Freud, Robert Fellows, (1999), oil on canvas
Honore Daumier, Nadar élevant la Photographie à la hauteur de l'Art" (Nadar elevating Photography to Art), (1863) Lithograph
Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, (1917) photographed by Alfred Stieglitz, (1917)
Cecil Buller “Self Portrait” (1949), wood engraving on wove Japan paper
Nicolas Delort, Amgod, Illustration
Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The Green Line), 1905
Principles of Design
Leonardo Da Vinci, The Last Supper, (1496)
The Gulf Stream, 1899 Winslow Homer (American, 1836–1910) Oil on canvas
Scale: The size of a form compared our own human size
Proportion: The relative size of visual elements present in an image
Gustave Caillebotte. Paris Street, Rainy Day, 1877
Vincent Van Gogh, The Starry Night, (1889)
Marcel Duchamp. Nude Descending a Staircase (No.2)/Nu descendant un Escalier. No.2. 1912. Oil on canvas
Gustav Klimt, The Kiss, oil and gold leaf on canvas, (1907–1908)
Outmane Amahou, Surrealism 2
 Edvard Munch, The Scream, (1893) Tempera and pastel on board
Marc Chagall, I and the village, (1911)
How is
form created
in this artwork?
The "Color Wheel" is the tool artists use to identify primary, secondary, and tertiary colors, and group color schemes.
Can
scale/Proportion create depth? How so?
What elements or principles
does Edvard Munch use to create unity within this artwork?


How can you communicate your story or concept using the elements and principles?
Can you name an
element the artists used to create rhythm in these artworks?
How can the element
line
create movement?
Artists use the elements and principles as tools to communicate their opinion, idea, or story without literally speaking.
Elements of Art
and Principles of Design
Consider how
you can use the elements and principles to analyze and critique art!
Think about your next project!
Take a few minutes to brainstorm your response to the following question:
A large difference between two elements
Contrast is usually created with complimentary colors or light versus dark values.
CONTRAST creates EMPHASIS

Cont
rast
How does this image represent contrast?
Full transcript