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English Tenses

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by

Truman Hung

on 8 January 2015

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Transcript of English Tenses

Structure: We mostly add
-ed
after a verb to make it become pass tense.

Use:
things that happened
before
things that already
finished
we know the
time
of the event

ALL TYPE OF TENSES
The Present Tenses
When do we use Present Simple Tense?
the action is
general
, it is a common sense.
e.g. Mom is a woman.
the action happens
all the time
, or habitually, in the past, present and future.
e.g. The sun rises and falls every day.
the action is
not only
happening now . e.g. We meet every Thursday .
the statement is
always true
. e.g. The Moon goes round the
Earth.
When do we use Present Continuous Tense?
We use present continuous tense when we are talking about:
action happening
now
e.g. I am studying.
action
in the future
e.g. I am having a test
next month

When do we use Present Perfect Tense?
There is always a connection with the past and with the present.We use present perfect tense when :

We usually use present perfect continuous tense to talk about:
an action that started in the past and stopped recently . There is usually
a result
now.
e.g. Have you been testing right now?
an action that started in the past and is continuing now.
e.g. I've been studying here
for
2 years/
since
2012.
What is Present Tenses?
The Past Tenses
What is Past Simple tense?
When do we use Past continuous tense?
Strcture: we usually use past contiuous tense when we talk about the
action
of the
particular moment
in the past.
When do we Past perfect tense?
Strcture: we usually use past perfect
tense to describe
past in past
.
What is Past perfect continuous tense?
Structure: Past perfect continuous tense is just like past perfect tense, but it is use to describe a long action.
The Future Tenses
How & When do we use Future Simple?
Structure:
We use the auxiliary verb
Will
in the future simple tense
Subject +
"Will"
+ main verb(V1)
How & When do we use Future Continuous?
Structure:
Subject +
"Will"
+ "Be" + main verb + ing
How & When do we use Future Perfect?
How & When do we use Future Perfect continuous?
Structure:
Subject + "Will" + "Have" + "Been" +main verb + ing

Use:
Talk about a long action before some point in the future
Example: I will have been living in the world for 15 years next month
How can we talk about the future?
The future is uncertain
We can
never
be 100% certain about the future
Ways to talk about the future:
PAST TENSES

Going to
Present Continuous
Present Simple



What is past tenses?
Past tenses is a tense that we usually
describe the things that happened in
the past.
Present tenses are the tenses which we use a lot in the daily lives.
4 type of past tenses
past simple
past continuous
past perfect
past perfect continuous
There are
4 kinds
of present tenses,
they are:
Present Simple Tense
Present Continuous Tense
Present Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Use:
There's no plan to do sth. before we speak
Example:
Hold on. I'll get a pencil.
Make a prediction about the future
Example:
It will rain on Friday.
Main verb "be"
Example:
I'm going to washroom. I won't be long.
Ex: I finished my homework last night.
0%
70%
90%
99.999999999%
Probability of event happening before speak:
Use:
When you know the particular time of the action in the past
Mostly we use this tense with the conjunction
when/while
Ex: I was wathing TV last night
when you were sleep.
Use :
An action in past before another action in past
Mostly we use this tense after verbs like said, told, ask, thought, wondered
Ex: I thought I had finished my homework,
but I was wrong.
Use:
From a time to another time in past
An action before another action
Ex: I had been reading your book.
References:
EnglishClub.com 6 May 2014 https://www.englishclub.com/

What is Verb Tense? (grammar lesson) - Grammar Monster http://www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/tense.htm
Future Simple
Future Continuous
Future Perfect
Future Perfect Continuous
Question Time :-)
Use:
Particular moment in the future
Example: I will be heading home at 3 o'clock
experience
e.g. He has learned about art.
change
e.g. The price has gone up.
continuing situation
e.g. How long have you been here?
When do we use Present Perfect Contiuous Tense?
Hi Kevin
Luke (be) sixteen next month.

is going to be

Structure:
Subject + "Will" + "Have" +main verb(V3)

Use:
Past in the future
Example: The bus will have left when you arrive
"I _______________________(already switch off) the lights
before I went to bed
!" she shouted at her mum.
had already switched off
The exam ______(last) two hours.
lasted

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