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The Age of Jefferson 1801-1816

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Mr. Dickman

on 2 December 2015

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Transcript of The Age of Jefferson 1801-1816

The Age of Jefferson
The Election of 1800
Small Federal Government

Pro-French

Opposed National Bank

Emphasis on agriculture
Large Federal Government

Pro-Britain

Favored National Bank

Emphasis on Manufacturing and Trade
Republicans

Federalists
Jefferson Wins!
In Power
S
I'm really strong!!!
Jefferson wants to reduce the role of government.
The Whiskey
Act
Sedition Act
Alien Act
Army Strong
Federalists
John Marshall
Marbury v. Madison
Judicial Review
A
Democratic
Style
Thomas Jefferson
The
Federalists promoted
the
wealthy and educated.
Federalists possess their equal rights, which laws protect.

We are all Republicans,
We are all Federalists.
Federalists worried...
Jefferson supported the French Revolution. .....
Might bring revolutionary change.
National
Unity
The power of the Supreme Court to decide whether acts of a President or laws passed by Congress are constitutional.
The Louisiana Purchase
1795 - Washington sent Thomas Pinckney to negotiate with Spain.
Pinckney's Treaty
Spain agrees to allow Americans to ship goods down the Mississippi and store goods in the City of New Orleans.
Port City of New Orleans
Spain
signs a treaty and
gives
France
New Orleans.
Jefferson is worried.
U.S.A.
Toussaint Leads Revolt
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Boots out France
Livingston
buys Louisiana
for
$15 Million
Surprises Jefferson!
Linvingston
signs treaty with
Prime Minister Talleyrand
.
Almost
doubles
the size of U.S.
Napoleon is happy.
I now have money to pay for my wars.
Sacajawea
helps Lewis and Clark
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Instructions

3 Goals:

1. Discover the Northwest Passage
2. Document the geography and plant and animal life.
3. Meet Indian tribes and extend U.S. friendship.

Journal Entry:

Today we met several Native Americans and marveled at the broad land, beautiful mountains and bountiful wildlife.
American Trading
Furs with Native Americans
Ginseng with China
New Threats From Overseas
War with Tripoli
Pirates captured ships! Barbary States force tribute payments.
Jefferson refuses to pay increased tribute.
Tripoli declares war.
Officer Decatur disables the captured American ship Philadelphia. Pirates lose out!
Marines launch surprise attack and ends war.
British seize sailors and force them into
impressment.
Jefferson and Congress pass the
Embargo Act
forbade Americans to export or import goods
Smugglers
sneak goods in and out of the country
Road to War
Settlers
move into the Northwest Territory and
take Native American lands
.
Violence follows
.
Little Turtle leads Miami Nation to victory against settlers.
General Wayne wins fight at Fallen Timbers.

Treaty of Greenville
is signed.
Miami Indians give up land that would become part of Ohio.
Tecumseh
The Prophet
Wanted to unite Native Americans and
form
the Indian nations into a
confederation
to
boot out white invaders.
William Henry Harrison leads an attack at Tippecanoe. However...
The Prophet led a surprise attack on Harrison's troops. No clear victory.
Whites celebrate, believe it's a major victory.
They built a village near Tippecanoe Creek.
Shawnee Leader
Journey to the spirit world. Learned path that Indians must take.
The War Hawks
To take Florida from Spain
Members of Congress from the South and West who called for war against Britain. Had a strong sense of
nationalism
(pride in our country).
5
reason for war...
To end British aid to Native Americans in the West
To demonstrate the strength of the United States
To stop British seizure of American ships
To seize Canada
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Congress votes:
House 79:49
Senate 19:13
Some members of Congress oppose war.
Madison gives in to war fever.
War is declared!
War in the West
American General William Hull
attempts to invade
Canada
from Detroit.

British General Isaac Brock
fools
Hull
with scare tatics.

Hull
retreats
from Canada.

Canadians don't welcome Americans
as liberators.
Fighting at Sea
Since there were
few regular troops
, the government
relied on volunteers
.
Because
Jefferson's
small government
and
reduced spending on defense
the United States was
not ready for war
.
The British attempt to block ports.
Americans
win some
victories.
Not enough to win the war
.
Battle of Lake Erie
Captain Oliver Hazard Perry
Americans Win Battle
Final Battles
Battle of New Orleans
Jackson Wins Victory Again!
Peace at Last
The Treaty of Ghent
Signed
Little changed
- prewar conditions restored, but many Americans had more pride in country.
Andrew Jackson Wins
Part One
Part Two
Part Three
ensure all people have the same rights
Jefferson's Personal Style
informal
wore casual clothes
shook hands
(shows President is ordinary person)
Jefferson Inaugural Address
Wanted
unity
and
end disputes
.
Immigrants
must
wait
14 years to become citizens.
NO Voting for YOU!
Editors jailed
for critizing the government.
Alien Act
Sedition Act
Also Feared Jefferson might punish them for...
Federalist made Federal Government too big!
U.S. Bank
Jefferson Reduction Plan
laissez faire
"let alone"
Government should play a small role.
Programs Cut (Reduced)
Programs Kept
Federalist Programs
decreased size of departments
cut federal budget
reduced military
asked to repeal whiskey tax
Sedition Act (expired) pardoned jailed people
Wanted Alien Act changed back
Kept Bank of U.S.
Continued to pay off state debt
Let Federalist keep jobs
Last night as President, Adams appt. Marbury as Justice.
Jefferson orders Madison not to deliver.
Marbuy sues Madison.
Case goes to Supreme Court
Marshall Rules:
Judiciary Act was unconstiutional
a long journey or voyage of exploration
practice of forcing people into service
The Battle the Thames
The USS Constitution beats the British!
Washington D.C. Burns!
Full transcript