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Transcript of The Reformation
OF The Time Important -Elector of Saxony from
1486-1525 -Most important supporter of
Luther (1463-1525) Johann Tetzel -Given the task of raising money for the building of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome (1465-1519) -Had many claims for the sale of Catholic indulgences John Calvin -Emperor Karl V called for this discussion -Martin Luther attended the most famous Diet of Worms (1509-1564) -One of the most influential men
on the reformation movement -Raised in the Catholic Church -Developed an
explanation of reformation beliefs -In 1536, he published The Institutes of the Christian Religion Ulrich Zwingli -First public antagonist of Luther (1484-1531) -Founder and leader of the Reformation in Switzerland -Met Luther in 1521 to settle theological disputes Leo X
(1475-1521) Ignatious Loyola War of the Three Henrys Council of Trent Charles V -Holy Roman Emperor (1500-1558) -At the Diet of Worms Charles absolutely opposed Luther -Is still remembered today for his integrity, strength of will, and sense of duty. -He made Rome a cultural center
-Failed to take the developing of the Reformation seriously
-Excommunicated Martin Luther in 1521 -Was the Pope from 1513-1521 -founded Jesuits (1491-1556) (1587-1589) -8th and final conflict of civil wars in France -Fought between the Royalists, the Huguenots, and the Catholic League -Called by Paul III in 1534 -Called to examine doctrine and reform -Can be characterized by 3 words: -doctrine -discipline -devotion Peace of Augsburg Geography (September 25, 1555) -An edict of toleration for Lutheranism -Outcome was that each individual Prince could choose the religion for his area -Lutheranism was recognized formally -Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and parts of Europe are Lutheran -Rest of Europe is Catholic 30 Years War -A series of wars in central Europe lasting from 1618 to 1648 Terms to Know -Heresy:Willful and persistent rejection of an article of faith by a baptized member of church -Anabaptist: reject infant baptism -Holy Roman Empire: complex of lands in central Europe -Protestantism: movement that began in Northern Europe in the early 16th century as a reaction to medieval Roman Catholic practices The Counter- Reformation 2. The Council denied the Lutheran idea of Justification of Faith 3. They affirmed the existence of Purgatory and usefulness of prayer and indulgences 4. They reaffirmed the belief in transubstantiation 5. They reaffirmed the correctness of religious art -Humanism challenged Church's teachings on the nature of man 1. The Council agreed that the church was corrupt and needed reform in several areas -Calvinism -Wrote a book called Spiritual Exercises