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Enhanced Interrogation Techniques
Transcript of Enhanced Interrogation Techniques
Methods including hypothermia, stress positions and waterboarding. Hypothermia Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 F (37 C). Stress Positions An enforced body position, applied esp in the interrogation of detainees, which causes the victim pain by concentrating a large amount of his or her weight on a small number of muscles, joints, etc.
For example, a subject may be forced to stand on the balls of his feet, then squat so that his thighs are parallel to the ground. This creates an intense amount of pressure on the legs, leading first to pain and then muscle failure. Waterboarding Waterboarding is a form of torture in which water is poured over cloth covering the face and breathing passages of an immobilized captive, causing the individual to experience the sensation of drowning. Waterboarding can cause extreme pain, dry drowning, damage to lungs, brain damage from oxygen deprivation, lasting psychological damage, and death. Pros
Timely information is needed to break up cells, capture wanted terrorists, and prevent thousands or millions of deaths; this information can be obtained in a more timely manner by administering torture.
These specific terrorists deserve a little extra punishment for the death and misery they've caused.
Anything we do to our captives will still be nothing compared to what they do to our soldiers when captured.
Terrorists under duress may give us information that we didn't even know to ask. Cons
It lowers us from the moral high ground to the level of the terrorist.
It leads to a weakening of international law, which could lead to torture retaliation for our prisoners.
Torture can lead to made-up information as prisoners say anything to stop the pain.
It could widen anti-American sentiment if word of the torture got out.
Other non-torture methods can be just as effective, if not more so.
Terrorists might choose death over capture more frequently, possibly costing lives and eliminating a potential information source.
There's always the chance that an innocent person may be subjected to the torture. The Detainee Treatment Act The Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 is part of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act of 2006. It prohibits the “cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment” of detainees and provides for “uniform standards” for interrogation. The Act also removed the federal courts’ jurisdiction over detainees wishing to challenge the legality of their detention, stating that “no court, justice or judge shall have jurisdiction to hear or consider” applications on behalf of Guantanamo detainees. So what do you think? These techniques were used by the CIA and the Department of Defense at Baghram, in secret prisons, Guantanamo Bay detention camps, after the September 11 attacks, including notably Abu Zubaydah, Khalid Shaikh Mohammed, and Mohammed al-Qahtani. Geneva Convention The White House wants to reinterpret the article to make it more specific and compliant with U.S. domestic law, specifically to prevent foreign detainees from suing CIA officers and other American officials for war crimes in international or domestic courts The Conventions have been ratified by nearly every country in the world—194 states in total—including the United States. Countries that violate the Geneva Conventions, including Common Article Three, can be held accountable for charges of war crimes. Court Cases John Phillip Walker Lindh v. US
John was an American who moved to the Middle East to study Arabic and the Quran. He lived all over, coming back to America briefly, then venturing again back to the Middle East. After traveling and living many places there John ended up in Afghanistan and joined a group of terrorists fighting in the war. He was caught by the American government and imprisoned with other members of the Taliban. They used freezing water and burning oil to roust the holdouts. He finally plead guilty to supplying services to the Taliban and is now in prison for life. Obama's View Amendments "Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted."
-8th amendment 14th Amendment
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Eighteen people have been proven innocent and exonerated by DNA testing in the United States after serving time on death row. They were convicted in 11 states and served a combined 229 years in prison – including 202 years on death row – for crimes they didn’t commit. Stats on the innocent Kirk Bloodsworth served eight years in Maryland prison – including two years on death row – for a murder and rape he didn’t commit, before he was exonerated in 1993.
Rolando Cruz, and his co-defendant Alejandro Hernandez, served more than 10 years on Illinois death row for a murder they didn’t commit before DNA testing proved both men innocent in 1995.
Verneal Jimerson and Dennis Williams were sentenced to death in the infamous Ford Heights Four case in Illinois for a pair of 1978 murders they didn’t commit. Jimerson was cleared in 1995 after a decade on death row and Williams served more than 17 years on death row before he was freed in 1996. Views Democrats in the Senate have released a report saying those techniques (water boarding) "did not produce significant intelligence breakthroughs." Republicans are for it. Candidates for the Republican presidential nomination have argued that the US was able to find and kill Osama bin Laden, the al-Qaeda leader, because President Barack Obama benefited from the interrogation policies of former president George W. Bush.