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Guide to Public Speaking - Chapter 13
Transcript of Guide to Public Speaking - Chapter 13
2. Researching - evaluate, choose, use variety, accurate, current, complete, suitable, where to get information
3. Creating - outlines, main points, introduction, conclusion
4. Presenting - language, delivery, aids
5. Listening and Evaluating - active and effective listener, effectiveness and appropriateness, critical thinker What is Informative Speaking? Informative speaking - giving audience completely new knowledge, skills, or understanding or increases previous
Speech to describe - describes an object, person, animal, place, or event
Speech to explain - clarifies concept or issue
Speech to Instruct - teaches or demonstrates a process
Speech to Report - an oral report or briefing How Do You Choose a Focused Informative Topic? 1. Get to Know the Audience and Situation
2. Create an Informative Idea Bank
3. Select and Narrow Your Informative Topic
4. Determine the Best Type of Informative Speech
5. Identify Your Specific Purpose
6. Identify Your Central Idea
7. Create a Working Outline How Do You Conduct Research? Select material that is a language level of your audience
Find easy, current, unique, new, and relevant materials to engage the audience
Use materials from multiple perspectives and means because not everyone learns the same
Ask where you can find these materials in things such as newspapers, magazines, librarians, and the internet, who could you interview, are the government organizations or anything local that i could get information from? How Do You Construct the Informative Outline? Make a complete preparation outline (formal or full-sentence outline)
Write in complete sebtebces and have a source page
Introduce one point per outline symbol
Relate the main points to the central idea
Have subpoints follow the main points How Do You Organize the Body of an Informative Speech? 1. Recognize Your Organizational Strategy - is it chronological, topical, spatial, order of intesnsity, comparative, problem-solution, or causal strategy
2. Commit to Strategy - Stick to it
3. Construct Main Points - needs to be complete declerative sentences
4. Organize Supporting Materials - Example:
I. Main point
A. Supporting material
B. Supporting material, etc. What Should You Include in the Introduction and Conclusion? The introduction should launch your speech with things that would make it exciting, moving, or interesting to the audience.
The conclusion should leave your audience wanting to go out and find more information on the topic themselves What Should You Consider When Preparing to Present Your Speech? 1. Language - Make sure your audience can understand and relate
2. Delivery - rehearse, rehearse, rehearse!
3. Presentation Aids - pictures are an example or a powerpoint How Should You Evaluate an Informative Speech? 1. Listen Effectively - pay attention to feedback if you are the speaker and work to make sense if you are an audience member
2. Evaluate the Speech Message - Ask questions such as does this topic relate to the aiudience?
3. Evaluate the Presentation - evaluate how it is presented and not only on the speech itself. Get to Know the Audience and Situation Selecting an effective topic is critical.
Review what you know about the audience and situation then brainstorm ideas.
Interview someone who can tell you about them.
Survey a few audience members.
Search online for info about organizations and such you are speaking to.
If the topic is uninteresting to the audience you face an up-hill struggle to get them into it. The Audience Determine the audience and understand what they know, do not know, and need to know.
Look for relations to personal traits (age, race, etc), needs, and social traits (group affiliations) Identify Your Central Idea This is also know as a thesis statement
This could be simply stated or include your main ideas in it.
It can always be redefined more properly as you prepare your outline Identify Your Specific Purpose A specific purpose will help mold your speech.
The specific purpose is merged with your general purpose, audience, and objective.
Example: I am here to inform my classmates about Chapter 13 in our book. Determine the Best Type of Informative Speech Sometimes simply stating what you are talking about will determine the type of speech you are giving.
Make sure your audience is interested in what you are presenting. You can still keep the topic but approach it in a different type of informative speech
Example: Baseball Gloves The Situation Know the details about where, when, and why you are presenting
Ask yourself about time, event details, influencing factors, and your relationship with the event. Create a Working Outline Made to guide your research
This is a rough hand-written road map for your final speech
Will help you see connections and develop your goal
Will help see where things can be added or taken away Strategies Chronological - to describe & instruct
Topical - to describe & explain
Spatial - to describe
Comparative - to describe & explain
Order of intensity - to describe, explain, & instruct
Problem-solution - to explain & report
Casual - to describe & explain