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Jasminum sambac (Sampaguita), Cananga odorata (Ylang-ylang)

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Leah Gambay

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Jasminum sambac (Sampaguita), Cananga odorata (Ylang-ylang)

First of all, we would like to thank CIC Cebu for letting us use the facilities. We would also like to thank Ms.Baqueros for helping and guiding us while doing this study. We thank our parents for their unending support and inspiring us to be better. Last but not the least, we thank the Lord our God for his guidance and for inspiring and giving us strength to continue working on this project.
I. Introduction
A. Rationale

A lot of people love flowers. Flowers embody an enigmatic aura that charms people. Our eyes glow in delight every time we pass a garden full of colourful and fragrant flowers. Upon smelling their fragrant scent, we can’t help but think how we could take the smell of these flowers and create cologne out of it. So, the researchers want to help them by conducting an experiment about making colognes out of some flowers namely Sampaguita, Ylang-ylang and Orchids. After this study, we will be able to inform the people on how to make colognes out of the flowers and so they won’t buy and waste their money again on those expensive and branded colognes.

B. Statement of the Problem
The researchers aim to answer the following questions:

• Can we really make cologne out of these flowers?
• Is the fragrance strong enough?
• Is it more effective than those colognes which are chemically made?

The researchers wanted to make a naturally made cologne out of Sampaguita, Ylang-ylang and Orchids. The flowers, particularly Sampaguita, have a scent that can help in making a cologne. The Sampaguita flower, an orchid flower, and ylang-ylang flower were placed in a saucepan with distilled water for boiling. The flowers were removed and essential oils were added to add to the strength of the fragrance. The product was tested on cotton, the most common fabric, and was described by strangers. The researchers’ concluded that there might be problems about the mixing process and the essential oil added. However, the researchers also conclude that a cologne can still be made out of the flowers.
By; Kyla Beatrice Conlu
Ranien Amor Letrondo


Jasminum sambac (Sampaguita), Cananga odorata (Ylang-ylang) and Orchidaeae (Orchid) as Cologne
C. Hypothesis
• Yes, we can make colognes out of these flowers.
• Yes, the fragrance is strong enough
• No, it is not more effective because the chemically made colognes are made by professional perfumers and are tested already.

III. Presentation, Interpretation and Analysis of Data
After making the cologne, the scent of is not that strong and fragrant. After a few days of sitting it up, the color of the cologne became light brown and the scent is still the same.
Since colognes are used in clothing, the researchers sprayed the cologne on the very common kind of fabric which is cotton. The researchers also used chemically-made sampaguita cologne for comparison.
The researchers let a few strangers describe the color and the scent of the cologne and if is strong enough and better than the chemically-made cologne.

E. Review of Related Literature
According to buzzle.com, Jasminum Sambac commonly known as “Sampaguita” plant is native to southern Asian countries of India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar. Besides, it is grown in most tropical countries and some parts of China as well as South Pacific regions. It has gained a status of national flower in Indonesia and the Philippines. This flower belongs to the jasmine family and exudes the characteristic rich fragrance peculiar to this genus. It is a small white flower which grows on a climbing plant. Sampaguita can grow in almost any soil as long as it receives sunlight and warm weather. Let us delve deeper into the meaning of the Sampaguita flower. Sampaguita's distinct sweet, heady fragrance is its unique feature. The essential oil from the flowers is similar to jasmin (Jasminum grandiflores). Sampaguita flowers do not bear seeds; therefore the plant is cultivated by cuttings. Sampaguita was imported into the Philippines in the 17th century from Himalayan areas. The Sampaguita is a native part of the Philippine landscape for centuries. The plant is originally from India and is grown throughout India today. About eight cultivars are generally listed for Sampaguita.Some varieties of Sampaguitas can grow as large as small roses in India.
According to health.howstuffworks, originating in the Philippines, ylang ylang means “flower of flowers” or “fragrance of all fragrances.” This fragrance is traditionally used in aromatherapy to sharpen the senses and to temper depression, fear, anger, and jealousy. For these reasons, and also because of its reputation as an aphrodisiac, the flowers are spread on the beds of the newly married in Indonesia. The fragrance of ylang-ylang is rich and deep with notes of rubber and custard, and bright with hints of jasmine and neroli. The essential oil of the flower is obtained through steam distillation of the flowers and separated into different grades (extra, 1, 2, or 3) according to when the distillates are obtained. The main aromatic components of ylang-ylang oil are benzyl acetate, linalool, p-cresyl methyl ether, and methyl benzoate, responsible for its characteristic odor.[7]
Orchidaceae, popular around the globe for their beauty and variety, orchids are the largest family of plants in the entire world. There are 25,000 - 30,000 different species of orchid, at least 10,000 of which can be found in the tropics. Orchid species can differ greatly from one another, with extreme variations in size, weight and color. While some orchids may only be the size of a nickel when in bloom, others may weigh up to one ton with petals as long as 30 inches, and sprays of small flowers 12 - 14 feet long. Orchid blossoms appear in almost every imaginable color except for true black. The scent of orchids is frequently analysed by perfumers (using headspace technology and gas-liquid chromatography) to identify potential fragrance chemicals. According to aboutorchids.com, orchids grow all over the world and unlike most plants; they do not grow in soil, but in the air. Their roots attach to trees or rocks where they capture moisture and nutrients that wash over them in the rainforest.
II. Research Methodology

A. Materials

Sampaguita flower
Orchid flower
Ylang-ylang flower
Essential Oil
Cologne bottle

B. Procedure
Put the Sampaguita flower, an orchid flower, and ylang-ylang flower in a saucepan with distilled water. The water should fill the pot about two thirds. Bring the water to a boil on the stove. Once the water boils you can remove the flowers and allow the now fragrant water to cool in a bowl. Add essential oils to the flower scent in order to add to the strength of the fragrance. The cologne should sit for two days or up to one week. It depends on how strong you want it. After it has "stood" for a bit of time you can place it in the bottle of your choice.
D. Significance of the study
The significance of this study is to be able to inform other people on how to create cologne without the use of harmful chemicals.


Light brown Not fragrant and not NOT
strong enough (The
cologne lasted
for only 15 minutes)

Light brown Fragrant but not strong NOT
enough (the cologne
lasted for only 11 minutes)

Brown Not fragrant and not NOT
strong enough (the cologne
lasted for about 12 minutes)

Most of the strangers believe that the cologne is not fragrant and not strong enough to be considered as cologne and it cologne doesn’t last long as time passes by.

IV. Conclusion
The researchers ran into the conclusion that there might be a problem in the process of mixing the flowers and the addition of the essential oil However, the flowers are still capable of producing a strong cologne but it won’t be as good as the chemically-made colognes sold in the market.
V. Recommendation
VI. Bibliography
The researchers recommend to study more about the mixing process of the flowers and the added essential oil. The researchers also recommend to study the effects of the cologne to the different kinds of fabric.




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