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It's a Matter of Design

Compositions utilizing Elements and Principles of Design for Watermedia Artists

Debbie Cannatella

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of It's a Matter of Design

It's a Matter of Design FORM
SHAPE Positive Shapes are
the objects themselves

Negative Shapes are the
spaces between the objects Geometric Shapes: generally more formal Organic Shapes: generally less formal Juxtaposition of geometric & organic can create high contrast and strong focus Arrangements of organic forms can create larger scale geometric forms COLOR Color is function of the light source, the object & the observer The most important element of the creative process is that of "relationships". Images matter and how they are presented is significant. Yet, no matter how well they are rendered or presented, images do not matter outside, or apart, from how they are "related" to one another.

We organize or combine these Elements using Principles in Design to make for an aesthetic composition. Elements of Art

Principles of Design (the components of a work of art that can be isolated and defined)

(the results of working with the elements of art) Hue - Name of the Color (wavelength)
Saturation - Purity of the color (how grey it is)
Lightness - How light or dark a color is There are six classic color schemes...

Split Complementary
Tetrad (Double Complementary) Monochromatic - Uses variations in lightness and saturation of a single color. Analogous - Uses colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. Uses two colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. The most basic element of art and formed explicitly or formed when shapes & textures meet LINE SCALE the relative size of an object two
dimensional three
dimensional TEXTURE tactile or visual VALUE VALUE VALUE VALUE VALUE ELEMENTS OF ART there are five basic types of line Curved - maximum contrast
shallow curves - sensuous, organic, rhythmic
deep curves - turbulence, frenzy, confusion, chaos VERTICAL
L Horizontal - peaceful, calming, suggest order, stability, tranquility, rest, low contrast Diagonal - spontaneity, provide action & movement, high contrast Jagged - enthusiasm, energy, anger, high contrast formal, stability, strength, alertness, loftiness, spirituality, grandeur, lower contrast USE LINES TO DRAW THE VIEWER'S ATTENTION THROUGH THE ART WORK * * * by debbie cannatella Large scale - strength, stability, drama, dynamic, higher contrast Small scale - static, passive, lower contrast ELEMENTS
SHAPE VALUE LINE the components of a work of art that can be isolated and defined the results of working with the elements of art unity and
variety balance proportion emphasis or
subordination transition rhythm www.debbiecannatella.com is defined by three qualities... COLOR UNITY AND VARIETY Unity without Variety leads to a boring work. Too much Variety without Unity leads to chaos. The principles of Design are what helps the artist to organize marks and forms resulting in a good composition Unity: elements work together harmonically to achieve a sense of completeness. curvealinear forms of the grapes, the curves of the glass, curves of striations in tall vase, curves of reflections in red decanter all create harmony.

Color also harmonizes: bits of green that flow through the vase, on the table runner, and reflected in the bowl unites the elements together... as does the reds and blues throughout. Variety: How well several of the elements of art complement each other to form one cohesive design, hold the viewer’s attention, and help move the eye through the artwork Use a variety of subjects in a painting to keep a composition interesting, while still having color and elements that relate to one another to unify. PROPORTION Size and scale of the elements of the design in relation to each other and to the whole SPLIT
COMPLEMENTARY Uses a color plus the two colors adjacent to the color’s complement TRIADIC Uses three colors equally spaced around the color wheel COMPLEMENTARY TETRADIC
DOUBLE COMPLEMENTARY Uses four colors arranged into two complementary color pairs Vincent van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889. Oil on canvas,29" x 36 1/4" The Museum of Modern Art, New York. BALANCE Balance is visual equilibrium achieved through the planned use of forms, lines, colors and textures Several smaller items on one side are balanced by a large item on the other side, or smaller items are placed further away from the center of the screen than larger items.
Conveys – informality, naturalness, organic Mirror image on either side of a line, radially about a central point, or shapes mirrored about a central point for visual balance.
Conveys formality, strength, stability Symmetrical Asymmetrical Proportion is linked to mathematical ratio size and scale of the elements of design in relation to each other and to the whole. RHYTHM Timed movement through space that use elements of art to create a feeling of motion Lead the viewers eye through (and beyond) the design Recurrence or repetition of a pattern of elements Create rhythm through the use of: Forms or colors along a line or curve Rhythm can also be created through alternation - repeated contrasting elements presented in turn such as light/dark, short/tall, rough smooth, etc Creating point(s) of emphasis to strongly draw the viewer’s attention using strong visual contrast of light/dark (or rough/smooth, short/tall, etc.) emphasis
value balance using
color and line movement
and direction rhythm
& unity high
horizon Landscape with Figures by Dominico Zampieri scale value low horizon rhythm asymmetrical
balance using
texture Landscape with Riders by Jacob van Ruysdael value Focus or Emphasis vs.
Subordination The Militia Company of Frans Banning Cocq
known as "The Night Watch"
by Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn Rhythm using repeating contrasting elements and pattern with unity of color for balance Girl Before a Mirror by Pablo Picasso A genius of design, Picasso used every ELEMENT of art and every PRINCIPLE of Design in this painting Size - small, medium, large or short, medium, tall
Texture - fine, medium, course
Color - progression along color wheel or progression of intensity or hue TRANSITION Sky Above The Clouds by Georgia O'Keefe Arrangement of objects in a logical sequential order Artists Sketching in the White Mountains
by Winslow Homer Holding Court by Debbie Cannatella (sold) Scarlet Purses by Debbie Cannatella Three Sisters Two Families
by Debbie Cannatella (sold) In Good Company by Debbie Cannatella (sold) Winds of Autumn by Debbie Cannatella design sketch on location by Debbie Cannatella Artichokes in Bloom by Debbie Cannatella (sold) Grapes Durand by Debbie Cannatella Two Oranges and a Banana by Debbie Cannatella (sold) Three Kings (2" miniature) by Debbie Cannatella Oktoberfest by Debbie Cannatella The Golden Mean occurs everywhere in nature Water Nymph by Debbie Cannatella (sold) Oak Park Art League by Debbie Cannatella Canyon Rocks (sold)
by Debbie Cannatella Shadow Walk (sold)
by Debbie Cannatella City Gardens (sold) by Debbie Cannatella It's My Kind Of Town (sold) by Debbie Cannatella Pumping Jack Flash by Debbie Cannatella Celestial (sold) by Debbie Cannatella Connected by Debbie Cannatella My Darling Clementine by Debbie Cannatella VALUE: The Relative lightness or darkness of a certain area. Gradations of Value are used to create the illusion of depth RULE OF THIRDS Place your center of interest in
one of these locations. Composition Types Cruciform
Opposing Forces
High Horizon
Low Horizon
S-Curve Radial
Geometric Photographing Your References Mixed Greens (sold) by Debbie Cannatella My Personal
Color Wheel Warm & Cool Red
Warm & Cool Yellow
Warm & Cool Blue
Plus four convenience colors (with these I can make just about
any color mixture I want) Today you will use your own reference photos to create a composition From those photos you will sketch several value studies using the elements and principles of design. Then the painting begins! Paint several small or one large. It's up to you!
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