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Samsara & Moksha
Transcript of Samsara & Moksha
In the first millennium, new religions spread across the Ganges River valley in India this promoted the view that human life is a state of bondage to a recurring process of rebirth. These movements urged the eventual development of the major religions of Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism. These and many other religious traditions offered different conceptions of bondage and diverging paths to moksha.
Samsara & Moksha
These two concepts - moksha and samsara - refer to the ultimate goal in Hinduism which is, escape from the cycle of life, death and rebirth and to re-merge with Brahman, or ultimate reality.
The cycle of life, death and rebirth is called samsara.
Escape from this cycle is called moksha, which means "release."
How is this escape achieved? Through making progress on the spiritual path and neutralizing all negative karma.
Moksha in Indian philosophy and religion is liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth . Derived from the Sanskrit word muc 'to free', the term moksha literally means freedom from samsara.
The Sanskrit word samsara means "journeying." In Buddhism, as well as in Hinduism and Jainism, samsara is defined as a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.Samsara is sometimes thought of as a circumstance or an illusion. In Buddhism it is also thought of as the process by which karma causes rebirth.
Samsara is sometimes depicted as the opposite of Nirvana. However, the Mahayana school of Buddhism views both Nirvana and Samsara as mental representations. To one who appreciates the true nature of the world, Nirvana and Samsara are not different from one another.