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Transcript of Ancient Rome
By: Ellie Trosper
Social class in ancient Rome was hierarchical, but there were multiple social hierarchies, and a persons relative position in one might be higher or lower than in another. They were based off of many things such as: Ancestors (Patrician or Plebeian), census rank (based on wealth and political privilege), attainment of honors, and citizenship (there were grades with varying rights and privileges).
In ancient Rome, the cloth and the dress distinguished one class of people from the other class. Plebeians wore a tunic which was made from dark, coarse material. On the other hand, Patricians wore a tunic made of linen or white tool. Shoes had a major impact as well. Patricians wore red and orange sandals, senators had brown foot wear, consuls had white shoes, soldiers wore brown shoes, and women wore closed shoes that were colors such as white, yellow, or green.
Romans had very simple food habits. It consisted of bread, salad, olives, cheese, fruit, nuts, and cold leftover meat. Breakfast was called ientaculum, lunch was prandium, and dinner was called cena.
Formally, Schooling began around 200 B.C. Children started attending school around age six, and continued to go for six to seven years. They were expected to learn the basics of reading, writing, and counting. They would be learning much more by age twelve though. Poor children could not afford to go to school.
The native language of Roman's was Latin. There were many forms of Latin, but Silver Age was the most popular. Their alphabet is still used in many places today. Although Latin remained the main written language of the Roman Empire, Greek came to be the language spoken by the well-educated elite.
Roman literature was heavily influenced by Greek authors. Some of the earliest works we own are of historical epics telling the early military history of Rome. As the Republic expanded, authors began to make poetry, comedy, history, and tragedy. A big amount of the literary work produced by Roman authors in the early Republic was political or satirical in nature.