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Out of the Dark Ages
Transcript of Out of the Dark Ages
in the Middle Ages Jewish people lived in Israel It was their land promised by God The Hundred Years' War The Romans took it away Jews fled to various parts of Europe, Africa, and Asia This was called Dispora Jews in Spain Called Sephardists, they were persecuted under Christian rule for killing
Jesus Christ. When the Muslims took over, they welcomed it because they
were allowed to keep their religeon and get higher positions in society. Later, in 1492, forced conversion or expulsion forced many Jews to leave. HIHI EVER Hello European Jews outside of Spain: A distinct ethnic group called Ashkenazim, they developed their own language called Yiddish--a mix of German and Hebrew. Treatment of the Jews was horrible. They were serrogated during the time of the Plague because it was believed they poisoned wells. At one time, the Pope declared that Jews had to wear distinctive clothing to ostracize themselves from everyone else. In 1182, King Philip II Augustus expelled the Jews to seize their assets.
In 1290, King Edward I formally expelled the Jews after much abuse.
Both exploited and attacked Jews for their success. The Financial Reasoning Jewish people were skilled buisnessmen and were often persecuted for their success. The practice of moneylending, or ursury, was a particular spot of persecution. As moneylending was forbidden by the Church, Jews took on the job and were attacked for it. Although this practice may stimulate the economy, European Christians were merciless toward their more successful competitors in buisness.
Rulers across Europe exploited their success by demanding high taxes and killed the heads of many Jewish households (Edward I of Europe) Emperor Alexius sent a call to Pope Urban II He wanted to rid the Holy Land (Jerusalem) of Muslim control. Pope Urban II wanted to expand his political power. He sent a call for crusade, claiming its participants would win salvation. Thousands of People began to Crusade The wars themselves were useless. The crusaders never won any land permanently and instead lost more. However, they accomplished several great things. They stimulated trade and growth in economy
Crusaders brought back more knowledge from the Middle East
The Crusades promoted class changes
They gave knights a purpose
They lessened the isolation of feudalism by Jamie, Nanase, and George Role of the Christian Church Impacts
The Roman Catholic Church became increasingly involved in nonreligious society during the Middle Ages
It played a significant role in medieval European life through the activities of the clergy.
Missionaries converted many of the Germanic tribes, and the church was influential in civilizing the barbarians.
Churches throughout Europe housed travelers and served as hospitals for the sick, while monasteries and cathedrals became centers of learning.
What role did they play in the Middle Ages coming to an end? Monks and nuns gave food to the poor
They ran the only hospitals where they tried to help the sick as best they could.
They also provided hospitality for pilgrims and other travellers
In a medieval monastery there was an almonry where food or money was given to the poor
An almoner looked after the poor, an infirmarian looked after the sick and a hospitaller looked after visitors.
Started by King Edward III The English longbowmen The English archers use the longbow, standing 5 feet tall, killed many French knights in battles. In the battle Crecy, they killed many knights and crossbow men, which are out of range, forcing the enemy to retreat. Because of this disadvantage, knights were no longer accepted. Even though the English won three important battles, the French won the war and drove the English out of France. Who won? Joan of Arc, a peasant girl consider to be the savior of France. Turn the tide of the war! Aftermath (Decline of Fedualism) After the war, France had to rebuild every town in France. But there were some gains. The French monarch gained more respect and prestige. The monarch is now seen as the protector of the country. As the monarch gained power, the nobles and lords lost power. Ever since the decline of knights happened, the lords and nobles fell as well. Black Plague Impacts:
The Black Death had a huge impact on society.
Large number of population decreased
Fields went unploughed as the men who usually did this were victims of the disease
Even the church made huge profits by forcing fees on funeral services that were obviously in high demand at the time
skilled workers could charge more money, since they no longer has as much competition assuming there was work
Animals would have been lost as the people in a village would not have been around to tend them.
Whole villages had to faced starvation.
Towns and cities would have faced food shortages as the villages that surrounded them could not provide them with enough food.
Those lords who lost their manpower to the disease, turned to sheep farming as this required less people to work on the land.
Grain farming became less popular – this, again, kept towns and cities short of such basics as bread.
One consequence of the Black Death was inflation – the price of food went up creating more hardship for the poor.
In some parts of England, food prices went up by four times.
what role did they play in the
middle ages coming to
While most people were basically serfs before the black death, after the plague the survivors found their labor and skills in greater demand.
Despite attempts by society and the church, workers began to negotiate for better wages
It also opened up the merchant and skilled laboring classes to whole new classes of people
also the poor saw so much death that they tried to live life more happily as possible
Towns and Trade During the Middle Ages, towns grew rapidly. Many serfs ran away to towns because they would have a better life in towns. Everyone have a part in a town. Towns Trade Most of the trading took place in towns. There were fairs that was held where people can buy things such as silk from merchant. Guilds were also in towns, they controlled crafts and trade. A guild is an association of people who worked at the same occupation. The decline of Feudualism Because many serfs ran away from their lord's manor, fewer people work in the farms of their lords and nobles.