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The Cold War
Transcript of The Cold War
The Korean War 1950 - 53
To investigate the causes progress and results of the Korean War.
The Korean War 1950 - 53
Who are the United Nations?
Tension increased along the border between North and South Korea with frequent incidents.
In June 1950, the North Korean army invaded the South.
This Soviet equipped army advanced rapidly, taking Seoul and pushing the South Koreans into the south eastern corner of the country.
The War Begins
What do you know already?
Describe the state of the world post World War 2
At the end of World War 2, Korea was divided along the 38th parrallel between North Korea and South Korea.
North Korea was supported by the Soviet Union and it established a Communist government.
South Korea was supported by the USA.
In June 1948 the
called free elections in both North and South Korea and a new
Republic of Korea
was then established with its capital in Seoul.
Soon after this the
Democratic Republic of Korea
was set up in the North, with its capital in Pyongyang.
The United Nations
The League of Nations had failed to prevent WW2 so a new organisation, the United Nations, the set up. On this occasion, the most powerful countries - USA and USSR - became members of that organisation.
US and UN Help
US President Truman ordered sea and air support for the South Koreans.
In support of this the United Nations passed a resolution calling on its members help the Republic of Korea in resisting in repelling the armed attack.
UN forces under the command of Doulgas Mac Arthur landed on the coast of Inchon and drove the North Koreas back over the border.
However, he didn't stop there advanced into North Korea and headed for the Yalu river border with China.
China in the War
China had had a Communist government since 1949.
The government led by Mao Tse-tung was now afraid that the country was under threat.
Huge numbers of Chinese soldiers entered the war in November 1950.
The American and UN forces were pushed back, and the Communist armies again occupied part of South Korea.
Douglas Mac Arthur wanted to attack China but Truman rejected the proposal.
Truman was following a policy of containment (not allowing communism to spread).
He believed an attack on China would lead to a much wider conflict that would bring the Soviet Union directly into the war. By this time the Soviet Union had developed the atomic bomb.
Peace at Last
The war dragged on until 1953, when both sides faced each other roughly along the original 38th parallel.
Peace talk were also dragging on.
However, the election of a new president in America, Eisenhower, and the death of Stalin resulted in a speedy end to the conflict in June 1953.
Both sides agreed to maintain the border along the 38th parallel