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Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (R.A.)
Transcript of Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (R.A.)
The Second Khalifah (Caliph) of Islam
Before He Accepted Islam
Umar (R.A) lived during the Jahiliyah (Days of Ignorance) and knew it inside out.
He knew its true nature, its customs and traditions, and he defended it with all the strength he possessed.
Hence when he entered Islam, he understood its beauty and true nature, and he understood the great difference between guidance and misguidance, disbelief (kufr) and faith, truth and falsehood.
How He Accepted Islam
Umar (R.A.) was headed on an assassination mission to kill Muhammad (S.A.W.) when on the way he was told that his own sister and brother in law had become Muslims.
Heading straight to their house, he entered and found them reading a few verses of the Quran.
He become extremely angry and after he hit her husband violently and accidentally hit her as well, he seemed to calm down and asked her to show him what they were reading, upon which, he broke down in tears and formally accepted Islam at the house of Al-Arqam- where Muhammad (S.A.W) was located.
Get To Know Your Leader
Umar (R.A.) was a very just and principled leader.
His knowledge about the Book of Allah (Quran) was a most impressive one, as Ibn Mas'ud (R.A.) said: "When the right-acting ones are remembered, then begin with ‘Umar. Truly ‘Umar was the most knowledgeable of us of the Book of Allah, and the most understanding of us of the deen of Allah, exalted is He."
The Integrity of Umar (R.A.)
‘Umar went out to Shâm and Abû ‘Ubaydah b. Al-Jarrâh was with us. They came to a stream while ‘Umar was on his camel. He dismounted his camel, took off his leather socks, placed them on his shoulder and took the reins of his camel and began to go down the stream. Abû ‘Ubaydah said, “O Leader of the Believers! You are doing this?! You take off your leather socks, put them on your shoulder, take your camel’s reins and go down the ford?! I wouldn’t want the people of this land to see you in such a state!” ‘Umar said, “If only someone else had said this o Abû ‘Ubaydah. You have made a lesson for the Ummah of Muhammad – Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him! We were the lowliest of people but Allah gave us might and glory through Islam. If we seek glory through other than what Allah gave us glory through, He will abase (meaning, degrade) us (again).”
And what do we see today?
He used to say: “What will you say to your Lord later?” – summing up his religion and his method of life.
The Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) once raised his hand and made a dua':
"Oh Allah, make Islam strong with either of the two men, Amr bin Hisham or Umar ibn Al-Khattab."
His (S.A.W.)'s dua' was answered when Umar (R.A.) accepted Islam.
How did he accept Islam?
Regarding this, he used to say: "The bonds of Islam will be undone one by one when there will be a generation brought up in Islam who do not know what Jahiliyah is."
When the Holy Prophet (peace be on him) proclaimed his apostle hood, the reaction among the Quraish was violent. Umar, a young man of strong convictions, held the new faith to be a violation of the idols of Ka'bah. Young, well-built, and fiery-tempered as he was, Umar was in the forefront in opposition to Islam.
His Strength Among the Quraysh
Ibn ‘Asakir narrated that ‘Ali said: I don’t know of anyone who didn’t emigrate in secret except for ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab; because when he wanted to emigrate he strapped on his sword, put his bow over his shoulder, carried his arrows in his hand, and came to the Ka‘bah where the nobles of Quraysh were in the courtyard. He performed seven circuits, and then prayed two raka‘at at the Station (of Ibrahim). Then he approached their circle one step at a time and said, “What ugly faces! Whoever wishes to bereave his mother, orphan his children and widow his wife then let him meet me behind this valley.” Not one of them followed him.
When he walked, he walked quickly.
When he spoke, he spoke clearly.
When he struck, he caused pain