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Nutrition

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by

Domi Friedel

on 30 June 2013

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Transcript of Nutrition

Nutrition
and
its
myths
Proteins
Carbs
Fat
Dietary Fiber
Vitamins
Mineral Nutrients
Water
"what actually is in my food?"
"which are the basic nutrients?"
"what do I eat everyday?"
some general information
a handful myths of nutrition
e.g. "Light Products"
"Body Mass Index"
"Eggs and Cholesterol"

Agenda
1.
2.
about the basic nutrients
Eiweiß
Kohlehydrate
Ballaststoffe
Vitamine
Mineralstoffe
Fette
Wasser
Proteins
Carbs
Mineral Nutrients
Water
Vitamins
Fat
Dietary Fiber
Proteins
Components for cells, enzymes, antibodies and hormones
auxiliary source of energy
contained in animalistic (fish, meat, eggs) and vegetable (legumes, seeds, soya)
Carbohydrates
most important source of energy
divided into fast (sugar, sweets) and slow (legumes, wholemeal) carbs
primary in vegetable food (e.g. potatoes, noodles, bread)
Fatty Acids
saturated: big energy source, bad for the human organism (->cholesterol), in meat, fried food, cheese, cream
unsaturated:
single (reduce cholesterol level) in nuts, olives
poly (Omega-3,Omega-6) in fish, oil
unsaturated = good
saturated = bad
Dietary Fiber
important for a controlled digestion
in wholemeal, fruits, vegetables, legumes
Mineral Nutrients
important for growths, development and all functions of the human organism
including trace elements
in vegetables, wholemeal
Water
for preservation and buildup of cells
transports nutrients and oxygen
need of 2.5 L a day - just 1.5 in liquid
Vitamins
components for enzymes
important for the metabolism
in fruits, vegetables, fish, meat, milk, cereals
spinach has less iron than chocolate
myth is based on a miscalculation
legend was set in 'Popeye'
Little Summary
Proteins
Carbs
Fat
Dietary Fiber
Vitamins
Mineral Nutrients
Water
building material
energy source
saturated = bad, unsaturated = good
for a functioning organism
for a controlled digestion
for the metabolism
for the transport of oxygen/nutrients
Light Products
less fat content... BUT
...the lack of taste is fixed by other ingredients like sugar, starch or synthetics
and often the calorie content is the same.
Résumé
eat carbs just until noon -> energy balance
drink enough water
receive much proteins -> get STRONG & SKINNY
favor vegetables & fruits over sweets
mind the saturation of fat
and... DON'T TRUST ALL MYTHS!
Thank you for your attention !
...are there
any questions?
Your Concentration
how it actually works:
you get a temporary rush of the blood sugar level
Glucose and Chocolate is popular for helping in exams... why?
effect:
concentration
time
better: bananas, wholemeal, nuts, berries, salmon
Eggs and the Cholesterol Level
The BMI
Evening meals
weight
(size)²
Body Mass Index =
BUT:
body = muscles + bones + water + fat
-> only for avarage values !
The best parameters:
HEALTH & MIRROR
receive carbs -> insulin secretion -> stops catabolism of fat for some hours
eat early and avoid carbs to ensure the nightly fatburning
also high importance of your calorie balance:
2 types of c
ho
lesterol:
HDL ("high density lipoprotein") = good for your heart
LDL ("low density lipoprotein") = bad for your heart
eggs don't actually have any impact on the cholesterol level.
The Myths
your food > your need
-> getting fat.
by Dominik Friedel
Full transcript