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1. Psychoanalytic, Behaviorist, Humanistic, Trait

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Kelli Rodriguez

on 19 November 2015

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Transcript of 1. Psychoanalytic, Behaviorist, Humanistic, Trait

1. Choose Psychoanalytic, Behaviorist, Humanistic, or Trait

a. Mind is divided into three parts: conscious, preconscious, unconscious
b. Personality arises from human free-will as people strive to self-actualize/be the best they can be
c. Personality is a set of learned responses or habits
d. This theory is less concerned with the explanation of personality and in changing personality than they are in describing personality and predicting behavior based on that description.
e. Watson and Bandura would subscribe to this theory
f. McCrae & Costa subscribe to this theory
g. Freud’s theory
h. Rogers’s theory
i. Disorders are a result of having certain personality traits, such as neuroticism.
j. Disorders arise when a person’s ideal self and real self are too far apart/different and/or when unconditional positive regard is lacking
k. Disorders arise from tension created by the person’s unconscious desires (id, ego, superego) or from being fixated/stuck in a psychosexual stage.
l. Disorders arise from learning maladaptive behavior.

Videos: Choose Psychoanalytic, Behaviorist, Humanistic, Trait
Id, ego, superego: Think of a dilemma and come up with a way the id, ego, and superego would respond to it (like the cheating example).



a. Mind is divided into three parts: conscious, preconscious, unconscious
PSYCHOANALYTIC
b. Personality arises from human free-will as people strive to self-actualize/be the best they can be
HUMANISTIC
c. Personality is a set of learned responses or habits
BEHAVIOR/SOCIAL COGNITIVE
d. This theory is less concerned with the explanation of personality and in changing personality than they are in describing personality and predicting behavior based on that description.
TRAIT
e. Watson and Bandura would subscribe to this theory
BEHAVIOR/SOCIAL COGNITIVE
f. McCrae & Costa subscribe to this theory
TRAIT
g. Freud’s theory
PSYCHOANALYTIC
h. Rogers’s theory
HUMANISTIC
i. Disorders are a result of having certain personality traits, such as neuroticism.
TRAIT
j. Disorders arise when a person’s ideal self and real self are too far apart/different and/or when unconditional positive regard is lacking
HUMANISTIC
k. Disorders arise from tension created by the person’s unconscious desires (id, ego, superego) or from being fixated/stuck in a psychosexual stage.
PSYCHOANALYTIC
l. Disorders arise from learning maladaptive behavior.
BEHAVIOR/SOCIAL COGNITIVE

Answers to Psychoanalytic, Behaviorist, Humanistic, or Trait
http://www.vineroulette.com/v/Introverts-vs-Extroverts-with-coffee-truth-lol-coffee-Asian-whitegirls-funny-girls-h6wp2n66ztQ
Videos: Choose Psychoanalytic, Behaviorist, Humanistic, Trait
http://www.vineroulette.com/v/Introverts-vs-Extroverts-with-coffee-truth-lol-coffee-Asian-whitegirls-funny-girls-h6wp2n66ztQ
Humanistic
Pschoanalytic
Trait
Behavior

You experience anxiety when your id and superego make conflicting demands upon your ego. To reduce the anxiety we use defense mechanisms.
Denial
Repression
Projection
Regression
Reaction Formation
Displacement
Sublimation
_____ 1. Mark never stops ranting about the dangers of pornography. He gives endless examples of smut he has seen in movies and on television, and spends a lot of time hanging around porno houses to get even more examples.
_____ 2. Chad always teases and annoys his kid brother Nathan after he himself is bullied and picked on by his older brother Sam.
_____ 3. Judy, who has always been aggressive and fiercely competitive, becomes captain of her college soccer team.
_____ 4. Diane, who keeps accusing Sam of being in love with her, probably has secret desires for Sam.
_____ 5. Despite overwhelming evidence and a murder conviction, Jay’s mother refused to believe that her son could actually take the life of another human being.
_____ 6. Brett, who is extremely hard to convince in arguments, complains that all of his friends are stubborn.
_____ 7. Even as a child Lisa was always impulsive and engaged in risky behavior. Perhaps not surprisingly, she grew up to become a famous race car driver.
_____ 8. Roger, a major league pitcher, often “beans” (i.e., hits with a pitch) the next batter after someone has hit a home run on him.
_____ 9. After an unsuccessful attempt at a sexual relationship, Pete began devoting most of his energies toward church activities.
_____ 10. Wendy was embarrassed because somehow she kept forgetting to keep her appointments with the dentist.
_____ 11. Amanda broke off her relationship with Jack, but Jack still talks and acts as if they are still dating.
_____ 12. After her new baby sister came home from the hospital, her parents discovered that Susie had dismembered her favorite doll.
_____ 13. Linda, who has had many extramarital affairs, begins to accuse her husband Dan of being unfaithful.
_____ 14. Larry began wetting his pants again after the birth of his baby brother.
_____ 15. Max, who is unsure about his own sexuality, frequently makes homophobic and gay-bashing remarks.
_____ 16. Two years after breaking off his relationship with Julie, Rick fails to even recognize her at a cocktail party.
_____ 17. At the first sign of any problems or trouble in his life, Bill immediately runs to his parents to bail him out.

Name Freud's Psychosexual stages

A. Denial
B. Repression
C. Projection
D. Regression
E. Reaction Formation
F. Displacement
G. Sublimation
React. Formation
1. Mark never stops ranting about the dangers of pornography. He gives endless examples of smut he has seen in movies and on television, and spends a lot of time hanging around porno houses to get even more examples.
Displacement
2. Chad always teases and annoys his kid brother Nathan after he himself is bullied and picked on by his older brother Sam.
Sublimation
3. Judy, who has always been aggressive and fiercely competitive, becomes captain of her college soccer team.
Projection
4. Diane, who keeps accusing Sam of being in love with her, probably has secret desires for Sam.
Denial
5. Despite overwhelming evidence and a murder conviction, Jay’s mother refused to believe that her son could actually take the life of another human being.
Projection
6. Brett, who is extremely hard to convince in arguments, complains that all of his friends are stubborn.
Sublimation
7. Even as a child Lisa was always impulsive and engaged in risky behavior. Perhaps not surprisingly, she grew up to become a famous race car driver.
Displacement
8. Roger, a major league pitcher, often “beans” (i.e., hits with a pitch) the next batter after someone has hit a home run on him.
Sublimation
9. After an unsuccessful attempt at a sexual relationship, Pete began devoting most of his energies toward church activities.
Repression
10. Wendy was embarrassed because somehow she kept forgetting to keep her appointments with the dentist.
Denial
11. Amanda broke off her relationship with Jack, but Jack still talks and acts as if they are still dating.
Displacement
12. After her new baby sister came home from the hospital, her parents discovered that Susie had dismembered her favorite doll.
Projection
13. Linda, who has had many extramarital affairs, begins to accuse her husband Dan of being unfaithful.
Regression
14. Larry began wetting his pants again after the birth of his baby brother.
React. Formation
15. Max, who is unsure about his own sexuality, frequently makes homophobic and gay-bashing remarks.
Repression
16. Two years after breaking off his relationship with Julie, Rick fails to even recognize her at a cocktail party.
Regression
17. At the first sign of any problems or trouble in his life, Bill immediately runs to his parents to bail him out.

Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latent, Genital
“Only Adults Play Love Games”
Personality is a set of response tendencies or habits (i.e. behaviors) learned through:
- Classical conditioning (Pavlov & Watson)
- Operant conditioning / Rewards & Punishments
(Skinner)
- Observation (Bandura).

- Environment
- Personal/Cognitive Factors
- Behavior
Bandura's
Reciprocal Determinism
Ch13 Personality
BEHAVIOR/SOCIAL COGNITION THEORY
Everyone has some of the following traits to a greater or lesser extent, so don't agonize over it for too long, just choose the sets of words that you identify with the most. Failing that, go with your first impression.

Which of the following groups of words do you most closely identify with?
I - private, quiet, few, deep, concentration, inward, thought before action
E - social, expressive, many, broad, interaction, outward, action before thought

And again...
N - possibilities, overview, future, innovation, anticipation, idealism, changing
S - facts, details, present, practicality, enjoyment, realism

And once more...
F - sympathizing, subjective, personal, appreciation, participant, immediate view , decides using values,
T - analyzing, objective, logical, criticism, onlooker, decides on principle, long term view

And finally...
P - open, explore, meander, inquire, flexibility, spontaneity
J - close, decide, structure, organize, firmness, control

What type are you? INFP - The Idealist ENFP - The Inspirer
ISTJ - The Duty Fulfiller ESTJ - The Guardian ISFJ - The Nurturer
ESFJ -The Caregiver ISTP - The Mechanic ESTP -The Doer
ESFP - The Performer ISFP -The Artist ENTJ -The Executive INTJ - The Scientist ENTP - The Visionary INTP -The Thinker
ENFJ - The Giver INFJ - The Protector

You can take the full test at http://www.keirsey.com/sorter/instruments2.aspx?partid=0
To just read your type profile go to http://www.personalitypage.com/html/portraits.html

TRAIT THEORY
_____ 1. I think people in our profession should put more effort into trying to understand mentally healthy people and prosocial behavior.
_____ 2. Aggression is a human instinct. Society can control it to some extent, but we will never eliminate aggressive behavior.
_____ 3. Your student may be under a lot of pressure from his parents, but that is no excuse for cheating. We are responsible for what we do.
_____ 4. If you want to understand why she did it, look to the environment for clues instead of at inferred internal forces such as impulses and motives.
_____ 5. We humans are products of evolutionary forces that have preserved selfishness, pleasure-seeking, and a tendency to deceive ourselves.
_____ 6. It doesn’t seem to me that you need to dig into a person’s past in order to understand the person’s current problems and concerns.
_____ 7. There aren’t any values inherent in human nature. Values are acquired in the same way we learn to say “please” and “thank you.”
_____ 8. If we wanted to improve the character of people in our society, we would need to start when they are very young. By the time a kid is five years old, it’s probably too late.
_____ 9. You may think your choice of chili and ice cream for lunch was freely made, but your perception of free choice is an illusion. Choosing chili and ice cream is predictable from the consequences of past behavior.
_____ 10. General laws of behavior and experience that apply to all people are not very helpful if you want to understand a particular individual.
_____ 11. You say people are inherently good, and he says they are inherently pretty bad. I don’t think people are inherently either good or bad.
_____ 12. The sex drive is with us at birth. People just don’t want to believe that infants get sexual pleasure from sucking and exploring anything they get in their hands with their mouths.

Imagine that three psychologists are having lunch together, and that you are eavesdropping on their conversation. There is a psychoanalyst (P), a behaviorist (B), and a humanist (H). Which of the psychologists is most likely to have made each of the following statements?
__
H
___ 1. I think people in our profession should put more effort into trying to understand mentally healthy people and prosocial behavior.
__
P
___ 2. Aggression is a human instinct. Society can control it to some extent, but we will never eliminate aggressive behavior.
__
H
___ 3. Your student may be under a lot of pressure from his parents, but that is no excuse for cheating. We are responsible for what we do.
__
B
___ 4. If you want to understand why she did it, look to the environment for clues instead of at inferred internal forces such as impulses and motives.
__
P
___ 5. We humans are products of evolutionary forces that have preserved selfishness, pleasure-seeking, and a tendency to deceive ourselves.
__
H
___ 6. It doesn’t seem to me that you need to dig into a person’s past in order to understand the person’s current problems and concerns.
__
B
___ 7. There aren’t any values inherent in human nature. Values are acquired in the same way we learn to say “please” and “thank you.”
__
P
___ 8. If we wanted to improve the character of people in our society, we would need to start when they are very young. By the time a kid is five years old, it’s probably too late.
__
B
___ 9. You may think your choice of chili and ice cream for lunch was freely made, but your perception of free choice is an illusion. Choosing chili and ice cream is predictable from the consequences of past behavior.
__
H
___ 10. General laws of behavior and experience that apply to all people are not very helpful if you want to understand a particular individual.
__
B
___ 11. You say people are inherently good, and he says they are inherently pretty bad. I don’t think people are inherently either good or bad.
__
P
___ 12. The sex drive is with us at birth. People just don’t want to believe that infants get sexual pleasure from sucking and exploring anything they get in their hands with their mouths.

Answers to 3 Faces of Psychology
Trait Theory - Describe Personality
Maslow & Rogers
HUMANISTIC THEORY
3. Defense Mechanisms are used to deal with stress, anxiety, guilt by unconsciously distorting reality. Choices:
D_________________________ Refusing to recognize or acknowledge.
R_________________________ Pushing out of conscious memory.
P_________________________ Blaming someone else.
R_________________________ Falling back on childlike patterns.
R_________________________ Acting opposite.
D_________________________ Direct feelings at substitute target.
S_________________________ Turn to socially acceptable behavior.


enial
epression
rojection
egression
eaction Formation
isplacement
ublimation
Harmony
Anxiety
Personality Chart
ersonality
escribing
centered
nconditional
concept
ehavior
al
ehaviors
rojective
ixation
sexual
Psychoanalytic - Defense Mechanisms
Full transcript