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Geography of Panama
Transcript of Geography of Panama
by Charlotte Goddard
Panama is an isthmus connecting North America to South America. The Panama Canal, of course, connects the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Caribbean Sea.
Location, Location, Location
Panama is a small country. Panama could be most closely compared to the state of Maine in size, but more closely resembles the shape of Indiana.
Panama has a mountain range, formed of volcanic intrusions, that runs the length of the country called Cordillera Central. The highest peak is Volcán Barú, from which both oceans can be seen. Volcán Barú is an active volcano rising 11,401 ft. in elevation. Volcán Barú became a national park in 1976.
Panama does not have marked seasons the way we have in much of the U.S. Temperatures remain pretty uniform throughout the year, although not as extreme as you might think. Temperatures range from about 75 degrees F in the morning to about 84 degrees F in the afternoon, rarely exceeding 89 degrees F. Temperatures on the Caribbean side tend to be warmer, while those on the Pacific side tend to be cooler. Mountainous areas also have a colder climate with changes in elevation.
The Heat Is On, Or Not!?
Waterfall at Volcan Baru
Rain, Rain Go Away!
Because Panama has a rainforest, it must have a lot of precipitation! Sort of. Rainfall varies from 51" per year to 118" per year by location. The average yearly precipitation for Paducah is 49" per year, which includes snowfall.
Trees and Water
About 40 percent of Panama is wooded, with a 50% reduction since the 1940's. Comparatively, Kentucky is about 48% wooded.
Panama has about 500 waterways, but most are unnavigable and flow into the Pacific Ocean. This is about 10 times more waterways than Kentucky.