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Positives and Negatives of Immigration
Transcript of Positives and Negatives of Immigration
Ann Lowe Elliott, Lexi Smith, Isabella Stark, and Corinne Foster Positve Effects of Immigration Undocumented workers create demand for new jobs, which leads to the formation of them
◆ Immigrants often take the lesser, unattractive jobs that most Americans wouldn't take or are not able to do
◇ e.g. construction workers, custodians, home health care workers Jobs Economy ◆ Immigrants take low-wage, long hour jobs which allow the business owners to save money
Most descendants of immigrants tend to pay taxes and create jobs for their home country, as well as doing better in school than native
The economies of developing countries depend on immigrant labour
Urbanization and growth of cities
Illegal immigrants account for more than a 6th of the increase of total US civilian labour force from 2000-2007
The total goods and services that illegal immigrants consume through their paycheck, plus all that produce for their employers, is close to about $800 billion Society ◆ Once immigrants are welcomed into a new country, they can contribute to the diversity of where they settle
◆ Can increase tolerance and understanding of other cultures
◆ Descendants of immigrants usually give back to their communities
◆ Immigrants bring their culture's customs and traditions and leads the host country's society to be more globalised and gain a multicultural society, which is more culturally and intellectually stimulative and innovative than a monocultural one.
◇ e.g. food, flags, festivals, heros Demographics ◆ Immigrants keep the population growing and boost the dependency ratio (number of people in the workforce to the number of people too young or too old to work) to a better balance Negative Effects of Immigration Immigration can attract criminal elements, from trafficking in drugs and people to other forms of crime and corruption Government expenditures are another negative aspect. Undocumented workers generally don't pay income taxes. $60 billion dollars are earned by illegal aliens in the U.S. each year. When cheap labor dominates the market, overall wages naturally go down. When wages go down, American workers are harmed. And when American workers are harmed, the poor are always the first hit. In a free market, helping illegal families invariably harms legal families. Concerns about illegal immigration can spill over to ill-feelings towards the majority of immigrants who are law-abiding and contributing to the economy Many die trying to flee their predicament, and this can often make sensational headlines giving the appearance that immigration is largely illegal and “out of control.” Immigrants can be exploited for their cheap labor Immigration can become a social/political issue, where racism can be used to exploit feelings or as an excuse for current woes of local population Where there is a perception that immigrants and refugees appear to get more benefits than local poor people, tensions and hostilities can also rise There is one group of Americans that would benefit from a dramatic cut in illegal immigration: high-school dropouts. Economists speculate that for the average high-school dropout, that would mean about a $25 a week raise if there were no job competition from immigrants. "Illegal immigration costs U.S. taxpayers about $113 billion a year at the federal, state and local level" The annual outlay that illegal aliens cost U.S. taxpayers is an average amount per native-headed household of $1,117 Education for the children of illegal aliens constitutes the single largest cost to taxpayers, at an annual price tag of nearly $52 billion Works Cited